Fountain, British Columbia

Fountain, British Columbia

Fountain is an unincorporated rural area and Indian Reserve in the Fraser Canyon region of British Columbia, Canada, located at the ten-mile mark from the town of Lillooet on BC Highway 99, which in that area is also on the route of the Old Cariboo Road and is located at the junction of that route with the old gold rush-era trail via Fountain Valley and the Fountain Lakes. In gold rush times, today's Fountain was known as the Upper Fountain while the nearby Six Mile Rapids, just downstream at the confluence of the Fraser and Bridge Rivers, was known as the Lower Fountain, and the two together were known as "The Fountains", although this term was usually used to refer to the Upper Fountain only and over time was shortened to the singular form used today; another variant La Fountain is fairly common in older sources. The term is a reference to the foaming rapids on the Fraser at these locations, particularly the Lower Fountain where at high water the Fraser gushes through narrow rock ledges, leading to the comparison to a fountain. In a few early maps, the Bridge River appears as "Rivière du Font" because of this (or as a fortuitous misspelling of "Rivière du Pont", in reference to an old aboriginal pole-bridge across the river there).


Fountain lies at the southern apex of a double-horseshoe bend in the Fraser Canyon formed by the meeting of the Fraser and Yalakom Faults. This fault convergence also created Fountain Ridge, which lies immediately above the community and forms a natural wall between it and the town of Lillooet, which lies a few miles south of the northward bend just downstream from Fountain. Fountain Ridge forms the west flank of Fountain Valley while its east flank comprises the western lip of the plateau-like Clear Range; the flattish peak overlooking Fountain proper is Chipuin Mountain ("round", a reference to its dome-like shape. . The Fraser Canyon in this area is a mix of sand and rock gorge flanked by benchland formed from ancient lake bottoms, with the benchlands hundreds of feet above the river. Fountain is partly located on one of these benchlands. The climate is extremely arid, with summer temperatures reputedly hotter than nearby Lillooet which vies with neighbouring Lytton for the title of "Canada's Hot Spot". Located at a higher elevation than Lillooet and exposed to the north and under the shadows of Fountain Ridge and the Clear Range,, Fountain is considerably colder in winter. Natural vegetation in the area includes sagebrush and cactus verging into mixed coniferous forest (mostly pine at lower elevations).


The Fountain area has been inhabited since the retreat of the glaciers (in this area the Fraser Glacier); archeological digs in the area, focussing on quiggly hole ("kekuli") "towns", date back thousands of years. The most important of the sites and one of the oldest in BC is at Keatley Creek, near Fountain between Glen Fraser and Pavilion. During the site's heyday the Fraser had been dammed by a landslide near Texas Creek, several miles below Lillooet and a lake stretched up what is now the Fraser Canyon past Pavilion, with the "kekuli" village situated near its shores, but today high on a semi-desert mountainside.

First Nation

ee also

*Pavilion, British Columbia
*Fountain First Nation
*River Trail (British Columbia)
*Gibbs Creek Trestle

External links

* [ view of the Great Bend of the Fraser, looking north. Fountain below in foreground] from [ Randall & Kat's Flying Photos]
* [ Fountain/Xaxli'p page, Bridge River-Lillooet Country Archive]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fountain Valley (British Columbia) — This article is for the valley and rural community near Lillooet, British Columbia, Canada. For the city in California see Fountain Valley, California.The Fountain Valley, officially named the Three Lake Valley and also known as the Fountain… …   Wikipedia

  • Lillooet, British Columbia — Lillooet   District municipality   …   Wikipedia

  • Mission Ridge (British Columbia) — This article is for the ridge near Lillooet, British Columbia, Canada. For other uses see Mission Ridge (disambiguation). Mission Ridge, also known as Mission Mountain, is a ridge in the Bridge River Lillooet Country of the South Central Interior …   Wikipedia

  • List of settlements in British Columbia — This is a list of communities in British Columbia, a province in Canada. For the purposes of this list, a community is defined as either an incorporated municipality (including Indian reserves), or an unincorporated settlement inside or outside… …   Wikipedia

  • Bridge River, British Columbia — Bridge River was used to describe three separate towns or localities in the Lillooet Country of the Interior of British Columbia connected with the river and valley of the same name.History1858 60The boomtown of Bridge River was one of a half… …   Wikipedia

  • List of communities in British Columbia — This is a list of communities in British Columbia, a province in Canada. For the purposes of this list, a community is defined as either an incorporated municipality (including Indian reserves), or an unincorporated settlement inside or outside… …   Wikipedia

  • River Trail (British Columbia) — The River Trail was a main route for travel in the colonial era of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia, running northwards along the Fraser River from to present day Lillooet to Big Bar, British Columbia and points beyond in the …   Wikipedia

  • Fountain (disambiguation) — A fountain is a source of water.Fountain may also refer to: * Soda fountain, carbonated drink dispenser * Space fountain, proposed form of space elevator * Musical fountain, animated fountain created by the effects of sound waves and laser… …   Wikipedia

  • Fountain First Nation — The Fountain First Nation, aka the Fountain Indian Band, is a First Nations government located in the Central Interior Fraser Canyon region of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is a member of the Lillooet Tribal Council, which is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Fountain Lakes — may refer to:*Fountain Valley (British Columbia), also known as the Fountain Lakes Valley or Three Lakes Valley, a valley and associated rural community near Lillooet, British Columbia, Canada *the fictional community of Fountain Lakes in the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”