Swadeshi movement

Swadeshi movement

The Swadeshi (Hindi: स्वदेशी) movement, part of the Indian independence movement, was a successful economic strategy to remove the British Empire from power and improve economic conditions in India through following principles of "swadeshi" (self-sufficiency). Strategies of the swadeshi movement involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic-made products and production techniques. Swadeshi, as a strategy, was a key focus of Mahatma Gandhi who described it as the soul of "Swaraj" (self rule).


Mahatma Gandhi described Swadeshi as "a call to the consumer to be aware of the violence he is causing by supporting those industries that result in poverty and harm to workers and to humans and other creatures [Mahatma Gandhi, in conversation with Ramachandran, 10/11 October, 1924] ."

Gandhi recognised that alienation and exploitation often occur when production and consumption are divorced from their social and cultural context, and that local enterprise is a way to avoid these problems. "Swadeshi is that spirit in us which requires us to serve our immediate neighbours before others, and to use things produced in our neighbourhood in preference to those more remote. So doing, we serve humanity to the best of our capacity. We cannot serve humanity by neglecting our neighbours [Mahatma Gandhi, Young India, 20 August 1919] ".


The word "Swadeshi" derives from Sanskrit and is a "Sandhi" or conjunction of two Sanskrit words. "Swa" means Self or Own and "Desh" means Country. If the French language can be used as an analogue, the word "Swadeshi" is the adjectival form of "of one's own country". The Opposite of "Swadeshi" in Sanskrit is "Videshi" or "not of one's country". Another Example of "Sandhi" or Conjunction in Sanskrit is "Swaraj". "Swa" is Self and "Raj" is Rule.


*Reintroduction of the spinning wheel and production of "Khadi"


* Leo Tolstoy, the Russian author and pacifist, corresponded with Gandhi on the subject of nonviolence [Leo Tolstoy, Recollections & Essays, Oxford University Press, 1937 (the 'Gandhi Letters' are online at the Anarchy Archives [http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/bright/tolstoy/lettertogandhi.html] )]
* E. F. Schumacher, author of Small is Beautiful, was influenced by Gandhi's concept of Swadeshi when he wrote his article on Buddhist Economics [Thomas Weber, "Gandhi, Deep Ecology, Peace Research and Buddhist Economics", Journal of Peace Research; Vol-36, Number-3, May 1999 [http://jpr.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/36/3/349.pdf#search=%22swadeshi%20naess%22] ]
* Satish Kumar, editor of Resurgence magazine, has promoted the concept of Swadeshi in his writing and teaching, including a section in his book "You Are, Therefore I Am" (2002).


ee also

*Indian independence movement
*Hindu Mela

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Swadeshi movement — n. political movement in British India that lasted from 1905 to 1908 which was part of the Indian independence movement that inspired domestic production and the boycott of foreign goods (mainly British) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Swadeshi Jagaran Manch — The Swadeshi Jagaran Manch is an Indian political organisation committed to the promotion of Swadeshi ( Indigenous ) industries and culture. It is usually recognised as a part of the Sangh Parivar of Hindu nationalist organisations. SJM came into …   Wikipedia

  • Swadeshi — /sweuh day shee/, n. a political movement in British India that encouraged domestic production and the boycott of foreign, esp. British, goods as a step toward home rule. [1900 05; < Hindi or Bengali svadesi, equiv. to sva self, own + desi… …   Universalium

  • swadeshi — swäˈdāshē, deshē noun ( s) Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Sanskrit svadeśin native, national, from sva one s own + deśa country more at suicide, desi : a movement for national independence in India boycotting foreign goods and encouraging… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Indian independence movement — The term Indian independence movement is diffuse, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of political organizations, philosophies, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Non-cooperation movement — The non cooperation movement (Hindi: असहयोग आंदोलन) was a significant phase of the Indian struggle for freedom from British rule which lasted for years. This movement, which lasted from September 1920 to February 1922 and was led by Mohandas… …   Wikipedia

  • Cow protection movement — Part of a series on Hindu politics …   Wikipedia

  • British Raj — British Empire in India redirects here. For other uses, see British India (disambiguation). India Indian Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Madhusudan Das — Madhusudan Das(Oriya: ଶ୍ରୀଯୁକ୍ତ ମଧୁସୂଦନ ଦାସ (ମଧୁ ବାବୁ)) was born on 28 April 1848 in a village called Satyabhamapur, 20 kilometres from Cuttack. His father Choudhury Raghunath Das and mother Parbati Debi named him Gobindaballabh. Later they… …   Wikipedia

  • V. O. Chidambaram Pillai — Born September 5, 1872 Ottapidaram, Tamil Nadu, India Died November 18, 1936 Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India Other names V. O. C, Va Voo Cee, Kappal Oottiya Tamilzhan …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”