- Fiber to the premises by country
This article lists the deployment of fiber to the premises by country.
In APOC 2003 held in Wuhan, many Chinese telecom experts discussed FTTH (fiber to the home) in China for the first time inthe last a few years. The topics include FTTH opportunities and challenges, FTTH applications, FTTHnetwork architecture, cost analysis, etc. That forum attracted a lot of attention of China's telecom communityand become a starting point for this newFTTH wave.
Biznet Networksis a network provider in Indonesia. Being the first one who deployed this service in South East Asia, Biznet Metro FTTH network uses the latest Gigabit Ethernet Passive Optical Network ( GE-PON) based networking technology. Supported by Nokia Siemens, this network is capable of delivering Triple Play services that consist of Data (Internet or Intranet), Voice (VoIP) and Video (Interactive TV and Multimedia) in a single infrastructure. This network is capable of supporting up to 1 Gbyte/s data transfer. First Media, a company born from Lippogroup's new $650 million investment in Internet in Indonesia, as well as cable television, began offering FTTH (using coaxial cablenot Optical Fiber), branded as FastNet, on 8th of September.
As of April 2006, HKBN was offering its customers Internet access via Fiber to the Building and Fiber to the Home. Speeds ranged from 10 Mbit/s (19 USD/month) to up to 1000 Mbit/s (1 Gbit/s) (215 USD/month), although the speed to non-Hong Kong destinations was capped at 20 Mbit/s. And in October 2007, largest telecom giant in Hong Kong -- PCCW start to offer both 100 Mbit/s and 1000 Mbit/s FTTH internet plan for consumers. As Nov. 2007, their cost is around USD75 and USD280 respectively without any speed cap on overseas traffic.
FTTP, often called FTTH in
Japan, was first introduced in 1999, and did not become a large player until 2001. In 2003-2004, FTTH grew at a remarkable rate, while DSL's growth slowed. 10.5 million FTTH connections are reported as of September 2007 in Japan. [ [http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/eng/Releases/Telecommunications/news071218_1.html MIC(Press Release-Telecom) ] ] Currently, many people are switching from DSL to FTTH, the use of DSL is decreasing, with the peak of DSL usage being March 2006. On September 17, 2008, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communicationsreported that for the first time, the number of FTTH connections (13.08 million connections) eclipsed that of DSL (12.29 million connections) and became the biggest means of broadband connection in Japan at 45% of total compared to that of DSL at 42%. In the report, the number of FTTH connections grew by 929,681 during the period of March to June 2008 while the number of DSL connections declined by 420,706 during the same period. [ [http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2008/080917_2.html Connections to Broadband Networks, MIC press release] ]
Average real-world speed of FTTH is 66 Mbit/s in the whole of Japan, and 78 Mbit/s in Tokyo.
FTTH first started with 10 Mbit/s (at end-user rate)
passive optical network(PON) by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone(NTT), and 100 Mbit/s (at end-user rate) with GEPON(Gigabit Ethernet-PON) or broadband PON is major one in 2006. PON is major system for FTTH by NTT, but some competitive services present 1 Gbit/s (at end-user rate) with SS (Single Star).Currently, most people use 100 Mbit/s.
Major application services on fibers are
voice over IP, video-IP telephony, IPTV(IP television), IPv6services and so on.
FTTP is offered by various Internet service providers including KT (formerly, Korea Telecom),
Hanaro Telecom, and LG Powercom. The connection speed for both downloading and uploading is set to be 100 Mbit/s. Monthly subscription fee ranges between USD30 and USD35.
Islamabad, Pakistan's capital city, got its first passive optical network in April, 2006.
Nayatel was Pakistan's first broadband provider to offer triple play services (voice, video and data) over
BPON. As of April 2007, Nayatel offered Analog Video which was carried as overlay on fiber optic using the 1550 nm wavelength. The video headend was supplied by Scientific Atlanta and the voice network was powered by an Alcatel softswitch.
Nayatel launched South Asia's first fiber to the home (FTTH)/fiber to the user (FTTU) network in Islamabad in September 2006. Today, coverage extends over 90% of Islamabad and business areas of Rawalpindi Cantonment.
WorldCall, a Pakistani company with existing footprint in
Karachiand Lahore, was awarded a contract from Islamabad's Capital Development Authority (CDA) to lay down telecom ducts along the roadside.
Chunghwa Telecom Co offers FTTB for around $30USD
As of 2007 TM (previously known as "Telekom Malaysia") is currently running trials on FTTH technology. Trials are currently being held in Mont Kiara Pines Condominium in Sri Hartamas since June 2007 with twenty residents participating in the trials. It is expected services will start in selected areas in second half of 2008. [cite news| title=TM SHOWCASES FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH) TECHNOLOGY DELIVERINGHIGH-SPEED BROADBAND ACCESS SERVICE FROM 10MBPS UP TO MAXIMUM SPEED OF 100MBPS TO THE HOME| publisher=Telekom Malaysia| url=http://www.tmrnd.com.my/PR%20FTTH%20Showcase%2017July07%20ver4_12July07.pdf| accessdate=2008-04-18]
The first provider to offer FTTH in
Croatiawas Vodatel. As of September 2006, Vodatel service was available only in the capital Zagreb, although plans to cover other major towns also existed at that point. The service offered symmetrical 2/5/10 Mbit/s speeds in triple play packages.
In 2007, the island largest telecoms provider, the Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, signed a contract with Ericsson for a rollout of FTTH. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Ericsson has signed the first GPON contract in Europe with CYTA in Cyprus | date=2007-07-11 | publisher=SYS-CON Publications | url =http://www.sys-con.com/read/400473.htm | work =Marketwire | pages = | accessdate = 2007-07-11 | language = ]
Prague, a FTTH (1/10/100 Mbit/s) service called ViaGia provided by T-Systemsis available in newer homes built by CentralGroup. UPC, a cable TV and Internet company provides Triple Play Services over FTTH in new buildings. [ [http://www.raycom.cz/skutecne-ftth-poprve-v-praze.html Raycom Telekomunikace - Skutečné FTTH poprvé v Praze ] ] Although there is no information about it on their website.In Brno, there is a FTTH service called NETBOX at www.netbox.cz provided by SMART Comp. a.s. There are some smaller FTTH networks in Brno, Frýdek-Místek, Šumperk and Most.
As of 2006, FTTH was being installed in
Denmarkin the northern parts of Zealandnorth and west of Copenhagen. The installation was being performed by the power company DONG Energyas part of a project to convert their airborne power infrastructure into one consisting of underground cables. Their plans called for a completion date of 2010, after which they expected to expand FTTH installation to areas that fell outside of the scope of the power infrastructure conversion project.
Sweden has already a vast number of installed FTTH connections both in rural and suburban areas.
Municipalities and private companies are using blown fiber and cable in metro networks. For metro networks, fibre cable are used with fibre counts ranging from eight to 96, and blown fibre with bundles of 8 fibers or less, for connecting houses and apartments.
Competitors to Telia, the Swedish incumbent, helped to drive the early development of fiberbased broadband installations made by Bredbandsbolaget and others. For instance by municipality owned power companies and housing corporations.
Stokab, Stockholm’s city-owned network company, is the owner of one of the largest dark fiber city networks in Europe.Ribbon cables, new micro cables and blown fiber used by Stokab, are facilitating the installation. New smart network designs, cuts construction costs and eliminates the need to dig up streets and sidewalks to connect building properties one by one. Stokab installs a fibre optic cable from its metro network into the basement of a building where it terminates all the fibres from the street. From the termination box Stokab then installs a multiduct with micro ducts that goes through all the basements on the block to form a ring. Each building has a ‘delivery point’ from which Stokab can connect a micro duct when the building owner wants fibre.Stokab has connected so far 10 city blocks in central Stockholm during 2006, which each have about 250 apartments. Stokab plans to connect 100 more blocks in 2007 -2008. Some of the biggest scale projects are now built in Stockholm, where housing corporations use micro duct to blow cable and fiber to connect tenants. In Stockholm, housing corporations (Svenska Bostäder, Stockholmshem, Familjebostäder) will connect more than 100,000 apartments over the next coming years forming the worlds largest Open Fiber To The Home network.The dominating active FTTH technology used in Sweden is AON, some few PON based project are also up and running.A standard for national certification of fiberinstallers has been formed in order to keep high installation quality and lower maintenance costs.
March 1, 2007, Orange SAreleased their first commercial FTTH offer in Paris at 45€ a month for a 100 Mbit/s Internet connection (flat rate) and a set of services including telephone over IP and television. The fiber installation is free. In June 2006, France Telecom/ Orange SAlaunched a test program for FTTH in some arrondissements of Paris. It proposes up to 2.5 Gbit/s downstream and 1.2 Gbit/s upstream per 30 users using PON for 70€ a month.
In September 2006, Free announced a €30 a month triple play offer including 100 Mbit/s Internet connection, free phone calls to 42 countries and
high-definition television. The roll-out of this service was planned for May 2007, but wide offering has been postponed to September after a detailed presentation during summer. It will be available first in Paris, then other French towns including Montpellier, Lyon and Valenciennes as well as certain Paris suburbs.
A residential fibre service has been deployed in the 15th
Arrondissement( borough) of Parisby "Cité Fibre". Bandwidth allocated to each user is 100 Mbit/s with 30 Mbit/s reserved for Internet traffic. The package includes Digital Television and VoIPTelephone services along with the above-mentioned unlimited Internet starting at 49€ per month. The 15th arrondissement was probably selected for its comparatively high residential population.Cité Fibre was bought by Free in October 2006.
The Cité Fibre website also contains an excellent comparison of residential fibre technology with existing cable and DSL/ADSL.
In 2003 Erenis launched an offer of FTTB which evaluate to 100 Mbit/s in January 2007 including the triple play. Erenis was bought by Neuf on
April 2, 2007, and this company is planning to offer a 50 Mbit/s triple play service for €29.90 starting at once (A user reports in fact [http://www.toutsurlafibre.com/index.php?2007/07/17/84-interview-neuf#c46 a debit of 35/10 Mbit/s] ). In July 2007 Neuf announced it will only use FTTH in new deployments, and that the existing Erenis FTTB users would be switched to FTTH at some time in the future. Neuf also acquired Mediafibre, a company which sold fibre optic access is Pau, France, in January 2007.
In September 2008, Transport and Communications Minister
Kostas Hatzidakisannounced plans to provide FTTH to 2 million homes in Athens, Thessalonikiand 50 other cities across Greeceby 2013, at a cost of €2.1 billion and at speeds of "at least" 100 Mbit/s. [citenews|title=Εργο 2,1 δισ. ευρώ για υποδομές σε δίκτυα οπτικών ινών νέας γενιάς|url=http://www.tovimadaily.gr//Article.aspx?d=20080904&nid=9688359&sn=&spid=1376|work=Το Βήμα|date=2008-09-04|language=Greek]
Iceland, FTTH is being deployed by Orkuveita Reykjavikur (Reykjavik Power Company). By March 2006, they had begun connecting the towns of Seltjarnarnes, Akranesand parts of Reykjavík. At that time they expected to have 50% of Reykjavik connected by 2008 and all of Reykjavík, Seltjarnes, Akranes, Mosfellsbær, Þorlákshöfnand Hveragerðiconnected by 2012. However, deployment in other areas was pending due to agreements with city officials. OR only owned the FTTH network; ISP services were provided by HIVE, Skýrr, and Vortex. As of July 2006, VoIP service were available from HIVE. By March 2007, Vodafone Icelandwas providing ISP and VoIP services, and had introduced video via its Digital Icelandbroadcasting system. However, Skýrr had stopped providing ISP services at this point. The FTTH connections are 100 Mbit/s, but as of March 2007 the ISP services only offered speeds of 6 Mbit/s, 8 Mbit/s, 10 Mbit/s, 20 Mbit/s and 30 Mbit/s.
In March 2006, the monthly cost of having the FTTH in house was 1.990 ISK (approx 26 US dollars), not including any services. This was somewhat more expensive than having a phone line in the house which cost 1.340 ISK (approx 18 US dollars) at that time. By March 2007, the monthly cost of having the FTTH in house had risen to 2.390 ISK (approx 36 US dollars), not including any services. By comparison, having a phone line in the house had risen to 1.440 ISK (approx $21 US dollars) by that time.
Italy, FTTH has been deployed by FASTWEBsince 1999 in selected areas of Milan, Rome, Naples, Genova, Bolognaand other few cities, however they aren't planning to deploy any more FTTP as DSL deployment is far cheaper. Where FTTP is available, they offer a triple play service on a 10/10 Mbit/s Internet connection.Telecom Italia announced, in March 2008, they would deploy FTTH in 140,000 homes in Milan, by the end of 2008 and in 10 cities the following year (speed up to 1 Gbit/s).
The Netherlandsin the city Eindhovenand a nearby village called Nuenen, there is a large network with 15 000 connections. Triple play is offered. Houses and companies are connected with single-mode fibre. The network is owned by the members themselves, who formed a corporation. The first European FTTH project was also in Eindhoven in a neighborhood known as the "Vlinderflats". This was a multi-mode fibre but was in 2005 changed to single-mode fibre. FTTH resulted in new broadband services; the inhabitants started their own broadband TV station called VlinderTV.
Since October 2006 the fibre optics connections are being deployed in the city of
Amsterdam. In the first phase of the deployment there are some 40 000 connections planned with the first ones being available for connection to end users by the February 2007. The network is rolled out in the boroughs of Zeeburg, Oost and Osdorp. The owner of the network is GNA CV, the operator is BBned, a subsidiary of Telecom Italia. BBned operates as a non-discriminating wholesaler of capacity to serviceproviders. This setup with a structural separation of ownership of the network and the delivery of services ensures that the network is open to all.
Also, another company is building new FTTH networks in
Arnhem, Nijmegen, Amersfoort, Hilversum, Soest, Leidenand Utrecht. These networks are almost completed. The first home was connected around March 2005. If all goes according to plan, the last home in these networks will be connected in June 2007. These networks also provide triple play services. Internet connection speed varies from 24, 48 and 100 Mbit/s (up and down).
Portugal, TVTELwas the first Portuguese ISP to offer this technology initially in Oeiras(near Lisbon) and recently also in Oporto, [http://www.pluricanal.pt Pluricanal] is another ISP that offers this kind of access in some neighborhoods on the outskirts of Lisbon. Portugal Telecom, Sonaecom( [http://fibra.clix.pt http://fibra.clix.pt] ) and Vodafone are installing fiber optic cables to provide the service by the end of 2008.
Romania, FTTH was first deployed in Timişoaraby RDS. Currently, it is available in Bucharest, Alexandria, Arad, Bacău, Baia Mare, Bârlad, Bocşa, Braşov, Caransebeş, Constanţa, Craiova, Deva, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Galaţi, Iaşi, Oradea, Piteşti, Reşiţa, Sibiu, Suceava, Timişoaraand Târgu-Mureş. The name of the service is FiberLink.
ER-Telecomcompany started construction of the "Universal City Telecommunication Network" (UCTN) in Perm. General principle applied to the construction was FTTH(«Optics up to Home»).On the base of UCTN company offers the following services:
* Cable Television «Divan-TV»
* High-speed broadband Internet Access «DOM.RU»
* IP-telephony «GORSVYAZ»
* Services for corporations («home office» service, videoconference connection, telemetry collecting service etc.).
Slovakia, FTTH was first deployed in Bratislava, Piešťanyand Trnavaby Orange. End user speed is 70/8 Mbit/s (down/up).The name of the service is Orange Doma
Another FTTx connectivity is available in
Michalovceby GeCom, s.r.o, which offers FTTB+ETTH variant at speeds up to 33/33 Mbit/s (down/up).
FTTx connectivity is available in
Košiceby Antik computers & communications.
Slovenia, FTTH was first deployed in Kranjby T-2 company. Currently optical fiber infrastructure for FTTH is being built by Gratel and Telekom Slovenija in Ljubljana, Koper, Novo Mesto, Murska Sobota, Maribor, Slovenska Bistrica, Velenje, Nova Goricaand Jesenice. The plan by both companies is to cover all the major and smaller towns first before they roll out fiber to suburbs. T-2 FTTH speed ranges from 10 Mbit/s (€14/month), 20 Mbit/s (€28/month) up to 1 Gbit/s (€1,000/month). Telekom Slovenije offers FTTH speeds from 20 Mbit/s (€26/month) upward.
In Spain, the first FTTH network commercially deployed is in the mining valleys of Asturias. The network is currently (June 2007) being built and is planned for launch shortly. The networks covers 30.000 households in smaller towns in the mining districts of Asturias. The network uses
Alcatelequipment and is PON based with 2.5Gdownstream and 1.25Gupstream capacity per 32 homes.Fact|date=November 2007 The network has an Open Access FTTH Networkarchitecture allowing end users to select from several different service providers. [http://www.gitpa.es website]
In Switzerland, the first FTTH network started in January 2007, exclusively in Basel. The company CATV Satellitentechnik planned and built a FTTH installation for several apartment buildings, totalling 190 apartments. Four fibers are connected to each of the apartments, one for television, one for telephone and internet, one for the facility-management. The final cable is for backup purposes. The service enables internet speeds of up to 100 Mbit/s full-duplex.
In Ukraine, FTTP was first deployed in
Kyivby Svitonline/ Golden Telecom. Svitonline proposes such tariffs: "Hourly": 20₴ (€2,70)/month, 25 hours included, ₴1 (€0,01)./hour above included. "Standart": 80₴ (€10,81)/month, 11 GiBs included, ₴0,01 (€0,001)/MiB above included. "Unlimited": 200₴ (€27)/month. Speed for all of the tariffs is 100 Mbit/s.
BT Openreach has announced an [http://www.openreach.co.uk/orpg/pricing/wes/downloads/GEA_Indicative_Pricing_Jan_2008.pdf FTTP Pilot] at Ebbsfleet in Kent offering speeds of up to 100 Mbit/s.
H20 has announced it plans to start offering Residential FTTP, with Bournemouth, Northampton or Dundee being offered service first by Autumn 2008. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7202396.stm BBC NEWS | Technology | UK homes to get super-fast fibre ] ]
Jordan Cable Services JCS was founded in 2003 as a private company andit has a view to realize a cable TV and internet network (FTTH technology) in Jordan.On 11 April 2007 Jordan Cable TV & Internet Services obtained from the Telecommunications Regulatory Commission the individual license to build communications networks.
South Surra, in four cities, Alsalam, Hutteen, Alshuhada, and future Seddeek. The project started on 2003, service has completed but with a lot of errors in installations (mixed up phone numbers, inactive additional services like CallerId). The equipment is from
Alcatel. [http://don-veto.blogspot.com/2006/09/fiber-to-home-in-kuwait-part-2.html A typical installation] has four RJ32 female sockets and two RJ45 female sockets.On May 2, 2007Internet is offered for premises with Fibre.
United Arab Emirates
The first FTTH project in the UAE went live in September 2002. The network initially served subscribers within Emaar Properties PJSC developments such as
Dubai Marina, Emirates Lakes, Hills, Springs and the Arabian Ranches.
The network was operated by a subsidiary of Emaar Properties called SAHM Technologies. The network was designed by Marconi and used equipment from Marconi, Riverstone, WWP, 3Com and Tandberg.
Subscribers are offered Voice, IPTV and broadband Internet. All services were transported over IP.
The network is now operated by du.
First Deployment for 2000-Home FTTH Project in Maracay, Venezuela. In a first phase project to bring fiber to more than half million residents.
The first provider to offer FTTH in Chile was GTD-Manquehue (2005). This service is available only in some sectors of the capital Santiago. The service offered symmetrical 100 Mbit/s speed.
In Argentina, telecommunications firm IPlan [http://www.iplan.com.ar] oofers since its launch in the year 2000 a fiber optic backbone throughout the city of Buenos Aires, and extending into other provincial capitals like Rosario, La Plata, and Cordoba city. They provide Internet, telephony, and value-added services over that network. They reach the customer using Cisco's Long Reach Ethernet and using Cisco Catalyst switches. IPlan's network reaches over 3,000 connected buildings [http://www.canalar.com.ar/noticias/noticiamuestra.asp?Id=3462] .
Novus provides FTTH services in
Vancouver, British Columbia.
In August 2007 [http://www.vicip.ca VIC Communications] provides Fiber-to-the-Home through its
Killaloe OntarioService Area, which the company delivers High Speed Internet, Television, and Digital Phone Services to Residential and Business customers.
VIC Communications also offers Fiber-to-the-Node in rural-connectivity through it service area, including additional build plans for 2008 which include Renfrew, Ontario, Pembroke, Ontario, and
Eganville, Ontario. The carrier maintains its own Optical Network and Deployment.
Australia is starting to deploy more FTTH, particularly in the new residential estates of Western Australia. Companies such as BES (Western Australia), GeoMedia (Western Australia), Brighton (Western Australia) and Pivit (Queensland) all have commercial deployments although in small numbers (about 3000 subscribers in total).
Telstra have recently signed exclusive agreements with a number of developments across the country in new estates.
There are a number of trials in Tasmania (TasColt) and Victoria (Aurora, Colt), and
Landcomin New South Wales has two tenders out for the deployment of FTTH in up to 9 estates.
Political debate about FTTH/FTTN in Australia
There is also huge political debate in Australia about who (which telco company) is going to build a nation-wide FTTN/FTTH network. Currently the Australian Government's watchdog, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) are declining offers from
Telstra and many other companies are proposing their own plans for Australia's broadband network. The Terria
consortiumhas recently sent a formal proposal to the ACCC. Deutsche Telekom has proposed building a network of its own in Australia. Telstra has proposed building a VDSLnetwork in Australia.
Telecom New Zealand, the major telecommunications company in New Zealand, has started a FTTP trial (dubbed Next Generation Broadband) in a new subdivision (Flat Bush) in ManukauCity in May 2006. The NGB provides up to 30 Mbit/s downstream speeds over a Passive Optical Network (PON) with the only cost to the customers during the trial being a NZ$49.95 activation fee. [ [http://computerworld.co.nz/news.nsf/news/6A7ED6A369FC154FCC2571DB0076DE75 Computerworld > Telecom to learn from small fibre to houses pilot ] ] Vector Communications provides FTTP in very limited AucklandCBD and WellingtonCBD for around NZ$329 unlimited per month. FTTP services are available from Citylink in Wellington and the pricing makes it suitable for businesses only.
On the April, 22 2008, the National party announce a $1.5B plan to accelerate the roll out of FTTP to 75% of the population, if they are elected. [ [http://www.national.org.nz/Article.aspx?ArticleID=12143 > National Party has announced the intention to invest 1.5 bn dollars in broadband] ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.