Common-mode signal

Common-mode signal

Common-mode signal is the component of an analog signal which is present with one sign on all considered conclusions. In electronics where the signal is transferred with differential voltage use, the common-mode signal is called a half-sum of voltages:

U_{cm} = \frac{U_1 + U_2}{2}

When referenced to the local common or ground, a common-mode signal appears on both lines of a 2-wire cable, in-phase and with equal amplitudes. Clearly, a common-mode signal cannot be present if one of the lines is connected to local common. Technically, a common-mode voltage is one-half the vector sum of the voltages from each conductor of a balanced circuit to local ground or common. Such signals can arise from one or more of the following sources: Radiated signals coupled equally to both lines, An offset from signal common created in the driver circuit, or A ground differential between the transmitting and receiving locations.



See also


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