- Odessa-Brody pipeline
The Odessa-Brody pipeline is a
crude oilpipeline between the Ukrainian cities Odessaat the Black Sea, and Brodynear the Ukrainian-Polish border. There are plans to expand the pipeline to Płock, and furthermore to Gdańsk in Poland. The pipeline is operated by Ukrtransnafta, the Ukraine's state-owned oil pipeline company.
The usage and direction of Odessa-Brody pipeline is considered to be of considerable geopolitical significance and has thus been the subject of both political disagreement and international pressure. The pipeline was originally intended to reach Gdańsk in order to transfer oil from the
Caspian Sea(mainly from Kazakhstan) to the Polish Baltic Seaport and from there to the rest of Europe. The Pivdenny maritime terminalin Odessa and the pipeline between Odessa and Brody were built in 2002 May by Ukrnaftogazbudand operated by Ukrtransnafta. Ukrtransnafta was established to develop the commercial attractiveness of the Odessa-Brody pipeline. However, the pipeline remained unused until 2004.cite news |url=http://www.inogate.org/en/on-going-projects/europeaid-119467-c-sv-ua |title=Odessa-Brody-Plock Oil Transportation System |publisher=INOGATE Technical Secretariat |date= 2006-10-12|accessdate=2007-09-30]
However, as sufficient capacities of oil supplies were not agreed, on
5 July 2004the Ukrainian cabinet accepted proposal of Russian oil companies to reverse the pipeline flow, and thus making it transfer Russian oil southwards to the Black Sea and from there to Mediterranean destinations.cite news | http://en.rian.ru/onlinenews/20040716/39765294.html | title=Turkey asks Ukraine to give up reverse of Odessa-Brody oil pipeline | publisher=RIA Novosti |date= 2004-07-16| accessdate=2008-02-02] Currently the oil is shipped to the pipeline from the junction of the southern branch of Druzhba pipeline.
The current length of the pipeline is convert|674|km|mi|0. The pipeline is operated by Ukrtransnafta, and the oil is shipped by
TNK-BP. In 2006 TNK-BP pumped 3.42 million tons of oil through the pipeline. In 2007, this volume was exceeded as already during seven month in January-July almost 5.3 million tons of oil were pumped transported.cite news |url=http://www.gasandoil.com/goc/company/cnr73735.htm | title=TNK-BP reports on higher Odessa-Brody volume for 2007 | publisher=Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections |date= 2007-08-09|accessdate=2007-09-30]
There are ongoing intentions to implement original project. On
13 May 2003, the European Commissiondeclared the Odessa-Brody-Płock oil transportation project as a project of Pan-European interest and the trilateral EU-Ukraine-Poland Joint Expert Working Group (OBP JEWG) was created.
2005, after the success of Viktor Yushchenkoin the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election and the Orange Revolution, the new government has shown interest in using the pipeline in the direction originally intended, in order to transfer oil from the Caspian to Europe. The pipeline is planned to be prolonged to Płock in Poland, and from there through the existing branch off of the northern branch of Druzhba pipeline to Gdańsk. For developing this project, Ukrtransnafta and Poland's pipeline operator PERN formed a joint venture Sarmatia sp.z.o.o. on 12 July 2004.
27 October 2006at the European Union-Ukraine summit, the President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko proposed to build an extension via Slovakiato Kralupy refinery in the Czech Republic. On 15 November 2006, the idea was supported by Ukraine's prime minister Viktor Yanukovych.cite news |url=http://www.jamestown.org/edm/article.php?volume_id=414&issue_id=3925&article_id=2371651 |title= Kyiv changing ideas, mixing signals on Odessa-Brody oil pipeline | author=Vladimir Socor |publisher=Eurasia Daily Monitor |date= 2006-11-16|accessdate=2007-09-30]
11 May 2007the presidents of Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Georgia and Azerbaijan, and the special envoy of the president of Kazakhstan agreed on the construction of a pipeline linking existing pipeline with Gdansk.cite news |url=http://www.forbes.com/markets/feeds/afx/2007/05/11/afx3712998.html |title=Six countries agree on oil pipeline bypassing Russia |publisher= Forbes Magazine|date= 2007-05-11|accessdate=2007-09-30]
5 June 2007, at the Gdańsk meeting the intergovernmental working group of the project agreed to expand the composition of shareholders of Sarmatia sp.z.o.o. by companies from Azerbaijan, Georgia and Lithuania.cite news |url=http://www.mg.gov.pl/NR/rdonlyres/C1A79430-94BA-4397-AB72-AF98F3B06BD3/34049/CommuniqueGdansk2.doc |title=Communiqué on the Intergovernmental Working Group on energy issues meeting |format=DOC |date= 2007-06-05|accessdate=2007-09-30] New shareholders probably will be Lithuania's Klaipedos Nafta, Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation (GOGC) and the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijani Republic (SOCAR). According to the agreements between the companies, Ukrtransnafta, PERN, SOCAR and GOGC will each own 24.75% of the shares, while Klaipedos Nafta will own 1% of shares.cite news |url=http://www.ukranews.com/eng/article/55072.html |title=Ukrtransnafta Predicts That Odesa-Brody Pipeline Won't Start To Pump Oil Toward Brody Before 2011 |publisher=Ukranews |date= 2007-07-17|accessdate=2007-09-30]
10 October 2007, the agreement forming a pipeline consortium was signed by the presidents of Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Georgia and Azerbaijan at the energy security conference in Vilnius.cite news |url=http://www.upstreamonline.com/live/article142128.ece |title=Vilnius unveils Caspian pipe pact |publisher=Upstream Online | date= 2007-10-10|accessdate=2007-10-13]
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