A sequela, (pronEng|sɨˈkwiːlə, plural "sequelæ") is a
pathologicalcondition resulting from a disease, injury, or other trauma. Chronic kidney disease, for example, is sometimes a sequela of a food-borne illness. Post-traumatic stress disordermay be a psychological sequela of rape. Sequelae of traumatic brain injuryinclude headacheand dizziness, anxiety, apathy, depression, aggression, cognitive impairments, personality changes, mania, psychosis.These may also result from ECT ( electroconvulsive therapy).
Typically, a sequela is a chronic condition that is a complication of an
acutecondition that begins during the acute condition. This is in contrast to a late effect.
There are also sequelae which occur as a result of treatment for a disease. For instance, one sequela resulting from chemotherapy used to treat cancer may be "toxic peripheral neuropathy," a painful chronic condition which is usually controlled with medication. Not everyone who is treated with chemotherapy develops toxic peripheral neuropathy but it may occur when a bacterium has effected a biothermic rhythmatic condition such as coronary heart disease.
Some conditions may be diagnosed retrospectively from their sequelae. An example is
* [http://www.omdict.com/definition/sequela.php Sequela definition and general information]
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