BelKA (an acronym from Belarusian: Беларускі Касьмічны Апарат, Belarusian Cosmic Apparatus) was intended to be the first satellite of independent
It was a remote sensing satellite that utilizes the
Victoria universal satellite bus, developed by Belarusian researchers and Russian Rocket and Space Corporation Energiyafor National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus as the final customer of the satellite, which had the capacity to take photos of the Earth surface, with a maximum resolution of 2-2.5 meters.
An attempt to launch 18 satellites of this type was made on
July 26 2006at 19:45 GMT, but they were destroyed when the Dnepr rocketsuffered an engine failure and crashed, 86 seconds after launch. [cite news
title=Russian rocket crashes after launch
The name BelKA is thought to be an allusion to the dog,
Belka, who, together with Strelkaorbited the Earth and returned safely on Sputnik 5in 1960.
* Satellite: BelKA 1
* Type / Application: Earth Observation
National Academy of Sciences of Republic of Belarus
* Contractors: Russian RKA
* Configuration: Victoria bus
* Launcher: Dnepr-1 (also with
July 26, 2006, from the Russian space launch facility Baikonur Cosmodrome
* Planned lifetime: at least 5 years
* Mass: ~750 kg
Low Earth Orbit, at 510 km altitude
* Outcome: Carrier rocket failure, satellite destroyed
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