- John Granville
John M. Granville (
September 25 1974– January 1 2008) was an American diplomat who worked in South Sudan. On January 1, 2008, he was killed in a shooting in Khartoum, Sudanat the age of 33.
Granville grew up in
Buffalo, New York. He was a graduate Canisius High Schoolin 1993 and of Fordham University. In 2003, he graduated from Clark Universitywith a Master of Arts degree in International Development and Social Change. He studied as a Fulbright Fellowin Africa. After school, Granville joined the Peace Corpsand was sent to Cameroonfor two years.
As a diplomat, Granville worked for the
United States Agency for International Developmentin Kenyaand Sudan. In his current assignment, he led a project to provide residents in South Sudan with 75,000 radios that could be powered by a crank generator or solar panels. The project was part of the preparations for the upcoming 2009 elections in South Sudan. [cite web|url=http://wlid.usaid.gov/activities.html|title=Current Democracy Fellows|publisher= USAID|accessdate=2008-01-02]
"He told his mom several times ... that it's dangerous, what he's doing, but he wouldn't want to be doing anything else," said U.S. Rep.
Brian Higgins, who spoke with Granville's mother, Jane Granville, after her son's death. [cite news|url=http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5g1ancTu5BeKFzzIvwiesxv1Q_ztwD8TTDQQ80|title=Slain Diplomat Was Devoted to Africa|publisher= Associated Press|date= January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02|first=Carolyn|last=Thompson]
January 1, 2008, Granville was attacked by gunmen while being driven home from a New Year's Eveparty at the British Embassy in Khartoum. According to Sudanese officials, Granville was ambushed by two gunmen who stopped their car in front of his. His driver, Abdel Rahman Abbas, was killed immediately. Another gunman shot Granville in the neck and chest. He died a few hours later, after being taken to a hospital.
Ali Sadiq, a spokesman for Sudan's Foreign Ministry, has stated, "We do not know why this happened. All options are possible." However, other Sudanese officials have stated that gun crime is unusual in Khartoum. The United States State Department has refused to comment because their investigation is in progress. The attack follows a warning by the
United Nationsthat a terrorist cell in Sudan was planning to attack foreigners.
Both the US and the Sudanese government have announced investigations as to the causes of the shooting and efforts to find the perpetrators. [cite news|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/africa/01/02/sudan.diplomat/|title=FBI to probe U.S. diplomat death|publisher=
CNN|date= January 1, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02] cite news|url=http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5h3ul4NKeFuLNaKiz6ZBRWmU-tEswD8TTS7281|title=Sudan Police Investigate American Death|publisher= Associated Press|date= January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02|first=Mohamed|last=Osman] The US effort will consist of a joint State Bureau of Diplomatic Securityand Federal Bureau of Investigationteam. [cite news|url=http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/dpb/2008/jan/98170.htm|title=State Daily Press Briefing|publisher=State Department|date= January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-03]
Four days after the murders, a previously unknown militant group, Ansar al-Tawhid (Companions of Monotheism) claimed responsibility via a post on a website used by Islamists.cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Extremist Group Claims Killing of American Diplomat in Sudan | date=
2008-01-05| publisher=VOA News | url =http://voanews.com/english/2008-01-05-voa7.cfm | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-05 | language = ]
In September, five Sudanese men admitted their roles in the shooting in filmed confessions. [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5gtAre1ZNphJ6x8JU5Uw63gTQepbQ]
Granville's family in Buffalo said he was committed to his work in Africa.
"John's life was a celebration of love, hope and peace," a family statement said. "He will be missed by many people throughout the world whose lives were touched and made better because of his care."
On January 29th, 2008,
City Honors Schoolin Buffalo awarded John Granville their annual Martin Luther KingKeeping The Dream Alive award.
On May 2, 2008,
John Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State, addressed the American Foreign Service Association's memorial plaque ceremony in which he and others honored John Granville. [http://www.state.gov/s/d/2008/104332.htm Remarks From The American Foreign Service Association's Memorial Plaque Ceremony]
United States Agency for International Development(USAID)
Elections in Sudan
1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations
*cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/02/world/africa/02sudan.html?_r=1&hp&oref=slogin|title=U.S. Diplomat and Driver Are Shot Dead in Sudan|publisher=
The New York Times|date= January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02|first=Jeffrey|last=Gettleman
*cite web|url=http://www.usaid.gov/press/releases/2008/ps080101.html|title=From Henrietta Fore, USAID Administrator, On USAID Officials Killed In Sudan| publisher=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.