"Turun yliopistollinen keskussairaala" (Finnish for "Turku University Central Hospital", commonly TYKS) is a hospital in Turku, Finland.

General information

The hospital serves as the central hospital for southwestern Finland. It is located near the city centre of Turku and the university, and has branches in the nearby towns of Raisio and Paimio. The hospital unit in Paimio operates in a former tuberculosis sanatorium, the Paimio Sanatorium, designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto.

The hospital is owned and operated by the Hospital District of Southwest Finland which is a joint municipal authority responsible for production of specialized medical services in the region.

The hospital has been affiliated with the University of Turku since 1958 and it is used as a teaching hospital by the Faculty of Medicine. Approximately 1.500 students in medicine and nursery practice there every year.

Having been founded in 1756, it is the second oldest hospital in the Nordic countries, after Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen.


The hospital has 972 beds and its operating volumes were in 2004 as follows:
* 390 814 outpatient visits
* 265 521 inpatient days of care
* 60 532 episodes of hospital care

The mean duration of treatment in 2004 was 4,4 days. The yearly operating costs for the hospital are 242,9 million euros according to the budget for the fiscal year of 2005.

The hospital has a staff of 3 802. The breakdown of the staff is as follows:
* 544 medical doctors
* 94 academic research and nursing personnel
* 2 243 nursing and paramedical personnel
* 921 administrative, financial and service personnel


# [http://www.tyks.fi/ TYKS web site]
# [http://www.vsshp.fi/ Hospital District of Southwest Finland web site]

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