Uridine monophosphate

Uridine monophosphate

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Section1= Chembox Identifiers
CASNo=58-97-9
PubChem=1172
SMILES=C1=CN(C(=O)NC1=O) C2C(C(C(O2)COP(=O)(O)O)O)O
MeSHName=Uridine+monophosphate

Section2= Chembox Properties
Formula=C9H13N2O9P
MolarMass=324.181
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Uridine monophosphate, also known as 5'-uridylic acid and abbreviated UMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside uridine. UMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase uracil.Another common shorthand for the molecule is uridylate - the deprotonated form of the molecule, which is predominant in aqueous solution.

Biosynthesis

Uridine monophosphate is formed from orotidylic acid (orotidine 5'-monophosphate) in a decarboxylation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme orotidylate decarboxylase. Uncatalyzed, the decarboxylation reaction is extremely slow (estimated to occur on average one time per 78 million years). Adequately catalyzed, the reaction takes place once per second, an increase of 1017-fold. cite book | author = Berg J, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L | title = Biochemistry | publisher = W. H. Freeman | edition = 6th ed. | location = San Francisco | year = 2006 | isbn = 0716787245 ]

In humans, the orotidylate decarboxylase function is carried out by the protein UMP synthase. [ [http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1715274 Analysis of UMP synthase gene and mRNA structure in hereditary orotic aciduria fibroblasts ] ] Defective UMP synthase can result in orotic aciduria, a metabolic disorder.

Effects on Animal Intelligence

In a recent study, gerbils fed supplements of uridine monophosphate, choline, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were found to have significantly improved performance in running mazes over those not fed the supplements, implying an increase in cognitive function. [ [http://www.sciencedaily.com­/releases/2008/07/080702150706.htm Get Smart About What You Eat And You Might Actually Improve Your Intelligence. ScienceDaily, July 3, 2008] ]

References

See also

* Nucleoside
* Nucleotide
* DNA
* RNA
* Oligonucleotide
* Pyrimidine biosynthesis


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