- Uridine monophosphate
ImageFile=UMP chemical structure.png
Section1= Chembox Identifiers
Section2= Chembox Properties
Section3= Chembox Hazards
Uridine monophosphate, also known as 5'-uridylic acid and abbreviated UMP, is a
nucleotidethat is found in RNA. It is an esterof phosphoric acidwith the nucleoside uridine. UMP consists of the phosphategroup, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase uracil.Another common shorthand for the molecule is uridylate - the deprotonated form of the molecule, which is predominant in aqueous solution.
Uridine monophosphate is formed from
orotidylic acid(orotidine 5'-monophosphate) in a decarboxylation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme orotidylate decarboxylase. Uncatalyzed, the decarboxylation reaction is extremely slow (estimated to occur on average one time per 78 million years). Adequately catalyzed, the reaction takes place once per second, an increase of 1017-fold. cite book | author = Berg J, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L | title = Biochemistry | publisher = W. H. Freeman | edition = 6th ed. | location = San Francisco | year = 2006 | isbn = 0716787245 ]
In humans, the orotidylate decarboxylase function is carried out by the protein
UMP synthase. [ [http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1715274 Analysis of UMP synthase gene and mRNA structure in hereditary orotic aciduria fibroblasts ] ] Defective UMP synthase can result in orotic aciduria, a metabolic disorder.
Effects on Animal Intelligence
In a recent study, gerbils fed supplements of uridine monophosphate, choline, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were found to have significantly improved performance in running mazes over those not fed the supplements, implying an increase in cognitive function. [ [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080702150706.htm Get Smart About What You Eat And You Might Actually Improve Your Intelligence. ScienceDaily, July 3, 2008] ]
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