Invasion of Minorca

Invasion of Minorca

The island of Minorca in the Mediterranean Sea has been invaded on numerous occasions; this page provides a basic list.

*Carthaginian invasion, some time before 252 BC- the name Mahón (now Maó) appears to be of Carthaginian Punic origin
*Roman invasion, led by Quintus Caecilius Metellus, 123 BC- the name Minorca is of Latin origin
*Vandal invasion, "circa" AD 427
**(Vandal domination was ended by Byzantine conquest of their mainland power centres)
*Norman invasion, or raiding, around 859, causing great damage to Byzantine churches etc.
*Moorish invasion, 903, introducing Islamic culture to the island
**The Moors accepted Spanish domination by Jaume I of Aragón in AD 1231-2; however:
*Spanish invasion, 1287-1288, by Alfonso III of Aragón, led to the Moorish population being held to ransom or enslaved, and Christian culture becoming dominant again. [Parpal i Marquès, Cosme "La conquesta de Menorca, el 1287, per Alfons el Liberal", Barcelona, Rafael Dalmau (1964)]
**(In the 16th century, the island was the target of vicious raids by Barbarossa, 1535, and Mustafá Pialí, 1558, who between them destroyed Maó and Ciutadella)
*French "intervention", 1707, after the islanders could not agree which side to take during the War of the Spanish Succession (little military action needed)
*British and Dutch "intervention", 1708, to reverse the above choice of side (no military action needed)- British sovereignty was confirmed by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713
*French invasion, 1756, during the Seven Years' War; British garrison forced to surrender following Royal Navy withdrawal in the Battle of Minorca
**France was obliged to hand the island back to Britain at the end of the war, in 1763
*Spanish and French invasion, 1781; on this occasion, during the British Colonial War of 1775-83, the British garrison resisted a siege for over five months, before succumbing to disease
*British invasion, 1798, during the Napoleonic Wars
**Britain handed Minorca back to Spain under the Treaty of Amiens, 1802, having chosen to keep Malta as a Mediterranean base instead [Sloss, Janet [ Exit Britannia: Britain’s Last Conquest of Menorca 1798-1802] , Tetbury UK, Bonaventura Press (2002)- accessed 2007-12-17]


*Principal source: [ Historia de Menorca] , accessed 2007-12-17

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Invasion of Minorca, 1781 — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siege of Fort St. Philip partof= the American Revolutionary War caption=Key features of Minorca, 1781 date=August 19, 1781 – February 5, 1782 place=Minorca, Mediterranean Sea territory= result=Franco Spanish… …   Wikipedia

  • Minorca — • Suffragan of Valencia, comprises the Island of Minorca, the second in size of the Balearic Islands, which are possessions of Spain Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Minorca     Diocese of Minorca …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Minorca — For other uses, see Minorca (disambiguation). Minorca Menorca Native name: Menorca Flag of Minorca …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Minorca — Infobox Military Conflict caption= conflict=Battle of Minorca partof=the Seven Years War date=May 20, 1756 place=Mediterranean Sea, near Minorca, present day Spain result=Franco Spanish victory combatant1=flagicon|France|royal France… …   Wikipedia

  • Ottoman invasion of the Balearic Islands (1558) — Raid of the Balearic islands Part of the Ottoman Habsburg wars Historic map of Minorca by Piri Reis …   Wikipedia

  • Military leadership in the American Revolutionary War — American Revolutionary War Armed Forces …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of Spain — History of Spain This article is part of a series Early History …   Wikipedia

  • Spain in the American Revolutionary War — Spain entered the American Revolutionary War as an ally of France in June 1779, a renewal of the Bourbon Family Compact. Unlike France, however, Spain did not immediately recognize the independence of the United States, as Spain was not keen on… …   Wikipedia

  • Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière — This article is about the French governor in the New World. For the warship, see French ironclad La Galissonnière. Roland Michel Barrin de La Galissonière Born November 10, 1693( …   Wikipedia

  • Histoire de la marine française — L histoire de la Marine française couvre la période du XIIIe siècle au XXIe siècle. Elle est marquée par une alternance de hauts et de bas, la Marine française rencontrant au cours de son histoire trois difficultés majeures qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”