Bihar Sharif

Bihar Sharif

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Bihar Sharif
type = city
latd = 25.21
longd = 85.20
state_name = Bihar
district = Nalanda district
altitude = 60
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 231,972
population_rural = 17,01,777
population_urban = 2,96,218
total_area = 2,367 sq. kms.
area_telephone = 06112
postal_code = 803 xxx
vehicle_code_range = BR-21-?
website =
footnotes =

Bihar Sharif (also called Bihar by some) is the district headquarters of Nalanda district in the state of Bihar, in India.


Bihar Sharif was once the capital of the Muslim Governors of Bihar between 13th and 16th centuries when the city was an active cultural center and an important seat of Muslim thought and learning. Foreign invaders often used abandoned viharas as military cantonments.The word Bihar may have come from the large number of viharas thus employed in the area that later became Bihar. Originally Bihar was name of the town, which was headquarter of the Muslim invaders in the Magadha region in the medieval period. Later on the headquarter was shifted from Bihar to Patana (current Patna) by Sher Shah Suri and the whole Magadha region was called Bihar.


It is located 80 km from capital of Bihar state Patna. It is 13 km from the ruins at Nalanda.Well connected with Patna via train and buses.

It is small town located on the top of a craggy rock. The old center of the town has examples of medieval Islamic architecture, such as the Bukhari Mosque. Thousand of pilgrims of all religions visit the tombs of Makhdum Shah Sharif-ud-din, a Muslim saint of 14th century, and the saintly Syed Ibrahim Malik Biya.also spelled Biharsharif , also called Bihar city, central Bihar state, northeastern India, east of the Paimar River, a tributary of the Ganges. It served as the capital of the Pala dynasty (10th century AD) and contains a 5th-century-AD Gupta pillar and several Muslim mosques and tombs. Nearby lie the remains of Odantapuri (q.v.), a great vihara, or college of Buddhist learning, from which the name Bihar was derived.


Agriculture is prime activity.Ideal place for agriculture-based industry. Now days it is also developing as a big cloth market.Famous as mini Surat among businessmen.


As of 2001 India census [GR|India] , Bihar had a population of 231,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bihar has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 67% and female literacy of 52%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bihar Sharif — ▪ India also spelled  Biharsharif , also called  Bihar        city, central Bihar state, northeastern India, located east of the Paimar River, a tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) River. It served as the capital of the Pala dynasty (Pāla Dynasty)… …   Universalium

  • Bihar Sharif — Original name in latin Bihr Sharf Name in other language Behar, Bihar, Bihar Sharif, Bihr, Bihr Sharf State code IN Continent/City Asia/Kolkata longitude 25.19729 latitude 85.52374 altitude 61 Population 244230 Date 2012 09 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bihar-E-Sharif — Bihar E Sharif, also called Bihar Sharif, is a small town in Nalanda district, Bihar, India. It is headquarter of Nalanda district. The neighbouring places of tourist interest are Rajgir, Pawapuri and Nalanda. The town is mostly agriculture… …   Wikipedia

  • Bihar — बिहार Status: Bundesstaat Hauptstadt: Patna Fläche: 94.163 km² Einwohner: 103.804.637 (2011) Bevölkerungsdichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bihar (disambiguation) — Bihar may refer to: *Bihar a state in India *Bihar River, India *Bihar (county), a historic county of the Kingdom of Hungary *Hajdú Bihar, county in Hungary *Bihar, the Hungarian name of the Romanian Bihor County *Bihar (king), a khagan of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bihar — /bee hahr /, n. 1. a state in NE India. 62,700,000; 67,164 sq. mi. (173,955 sq. km). Cap.: Patna. 2. a city in the central part of this state. 100,052. Also, Behar. * * * State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 82,878,796), northeastern India. Bordered by… …   Universalium

  • Bihar — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type =state native name =Bihar state name =Bihar, India nickname = The Land of Buddha and Mahavira skyline = Mahabodhitemple.jpg skyline caption = The Mahabodhi Temple, among the four holy sites related to the life of… …   Wikipedia

  • National Highways in Bihar — Bihar has length of 3,537 km Nation highways.[1] List of National Highways in Bihar Main article: List of National Highways in India (by Highway Number) NH Route inside Bihar Complete Route Length in State (km) Total Length 2 Uttar Pradesh… …   Wikipedia

  • Tourism in Bihar — Bihar (Hindi:बिहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA2|bɪhaːr, audio|Bihar.ogg|pronunciation) is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world with history of 3000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments… …   Wikipedia

  • Districts of Bihar — Bihar, a state of India, has currently thirty eight administrative districts. A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a district magistrate or a deputy commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”