Bihar Sharif

Bihar Sharif

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Bihar Sharif
type = city
latd = 25.21
longd = 85.20
state_name = Bihar
district = Nalanda district
altitude = 60
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 231,972
population_rural = 17,01,777
population_urban = 2,96,218
total_area = 2,367 sq. kms.
area_telephone = 06112
postal_code = 803 xxx
vehicle_code_range = BR-21-?
website = www.biharsharif.com
footnotes =

Bihar Sharif (also called Bihar by some) is the district headquarters of Nalanda district in the state of Bihar, in India.

History

Bihar Sharif was once the capital of the Muslim Governors of Bihar between 13th and 16th centuries when the city was an active cultural center and an important seat of Muslim thought and learning. Foreign invaders often used abandoned viharas as military cantonments.The word Bihar may have come from the large number of viharas thus employed in the area that later became Bihar. Originally Bihar was name of the town, which was headquarter of the Muslim invaders in the Magadha region in the medieval period. Later on the headquarter was shifted from Bihar to Patana (current Patna) by Sher Shah Suri and the whole Magadha region was called Bihar.

Geography

It is located 80 km from capital of Bihar state Patna. It is 13 km from the ruins at Nalanda.Well connected with Patna via train and buses.

It is small town located on the top of a craggy rock. The old center of the town has examples of medieval Islamic architecture, such as the Bukhari Mosque. Thousand of pilgrims of all religions visit the tombs of Makhdum Shah Sharif-ud-din, a Muslim saint of 14th century, and the saintly Syed Ibrahim Malik Biya.also spelled Biharsharif , also called Bihar city, central Bihar state, northeastern India, east of the Paimar River, a tributary of the Ganges. It served as the capital of the Pala dynasty (10th century AD) and contains a 5th-century-AD Gupta pillar and several Muslim mosques and tombs. Nearby lie the remains of Odantapuri (q.v.), a great vihara, or college of Buddhist learning, from which the name Bihar was derived.

Economy

Agriculture is prime activity.Ideal place for agriculture-based industry. Now days it is also developing as a big cloth market.Famous as mini Surat among businessmen.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census [GR|India] , Bihar had a population of 231,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bihar has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 67% and female literacy of 52%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References


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