Lactosylceramide alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase

Lactosylceramide alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase

In enzymology, a lactosylceramide alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase (EC number|2.4.99.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

:CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-glucosylceramide ightleftharpoons CMP + alpha-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D- glucosylceramide

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are CMP-N-acetylneuraminate and beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-glucosylceramide, whereas its 3 products are CMP, alpha-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-, and glucosylceramide.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those glycosyltransferases that do not transfer hexosyl or pentosyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:lactosylceramide alpha-2,3-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase. Other names in common use include cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide alpha2,3-, sialyltransferase, CMP-acetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide-sialyltransferase, CMP-acetylneuraminic acid:lactosylceramide sialyltransferase, CMP-sialic acid:lactosylceramide-sialyltransferase, cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide, sialyltransferase, ganglioside GM3 synthetase, GM3 synthase, GM3 synthetase, and SAT 1. This enzyme participates in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglioseries and glycan structures - biosynthesis 2.

tructural studies

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes PDB link|2EX0 and PDB link|2EX1.

References

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External links

::"The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is CAS registry|125752-90-1."

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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