Cellulose synthase (GDP-forming)

Cellulose synthase (GDP-forming)

In enzymology, a cellulose synthase (GDP-forming) (EC number|2.4.1.29) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

:GDP-glucose + (1,4-beta-D-glucosyl)n ightleftharpoons GDP + (1,4-beta-D-glucosyl)n+1

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are GDP-glucose and (1,4-beta-D-glucosyl)n, whereas its two products are GDP and (1,4-beta-D-glucosyl)n+1.

This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is GDP-glucose:1,4-beta-D-glucan 4-beta-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common use include cellulose synthase (guanosine diphosphate-forming), cellulose synthetase, guanosine diphosphoglucose-1,4-beta-glucan glucosyltransferase, and guanosine diphosphoglucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase. This enzyme participates in starch and sucrose metabolism.

References

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External links

::"The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is CAS registry|9027-18-3."

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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