- John Lautner
name=John Edward Lautner
mother=Vida Cathleen Gallangher
father=John Edward Lautner
death_date=death date and age|1994|10|24|1911|7|16
Los Angeles, California
Pearlman Mountain Cabin Sheats Residence Arango Residence
John Lautner (
16 July, 1911- 24 October, 1994) was an influential American architectwhose work in Southern Californiacombined progressive engineering with humane design and dramatic space-age flair.
Lautner was born in
Marquette, Michiganand attended Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin Fellowship for six years in the 1930s as architectural training, with great artists and architects like E. Fay Jones, Paolo Soleriand Santiago Martinez Delgado, serving as construction manager on Wright's Johnson residence "Wingspread" and on two projects in Los Angeles(including the Sturges House). He stands among the most successful of Taliesin graduates.
Chemospherehouse has become a Los Angeleslandmark that conveys both hope and folly. It was used in Brian De Palma's film "Body Double", and also appears in "". In 2000 German publisher Benedikt Taschenpurchased and restored the house with architects Frank Escherand Ravi GuneWardena. A Chemosphere copy is used as the set for Current TV.
Although mostly known for residences, Lautner also contributed to the commercial genre of
Googie. Googie was named in derogatory reference to Lautner's 1949 design for Googie's Coffee Shop (at the corner of Sunset Strip and Crescent Heights) in a 1952 magazine article by Yale Universityprofessor Douglas Haskell. The coffee shop itself was distinctive for its expansive glass walls, arresting form, and exuberant signage oriented to car traffic: an advertisement for itself. Other chains such as Tiny Naylor's, Ship's, Norm's and Clock's quickly imitated the look, which proves its commercial value.
Googie became part of the American postwar
Zeitgeist, but was ridiculed by the architectural community of the 1950s as superficial and vulgar. Not until Robert Venturi's 1972 book " Learning from Las Vegas" did the architectural mainstream even come close to validating Lautner's logic. Lautner's reputation suffered as a result. Following some lean years in the 1950s and 1960s, he enjoyed something of a resurgence with his poured-concrete houses in the 1970s, notably the Bob Hope Residence and other houses in Palm Springs.
Among Lautner's other works include the Arango Residence in
Acapulco, Mexicowith its concrete sky-moat, and the landmark Desert Hot Springs Motel in Palm Springs. His dramatic and photogenic spaces are frequently exploited in films, notably the Palm Springs Elrod Residence used to good effect in the 1971 James Bondfilm "Diamonds Are Forever". Lautner also designed a home on Malibu's Carbon Beach which was owned by Courtney Cox. The home sold for $33.5 million.
One of the few Lautner buildings regularly open to the general public is the Desert Hot Springs Motel. restored in 2001.
Lautner Residence, Los Angeles, California, 1940
Mauer Residence, Los Angeles, California, 1946
Desert Hot Springs Motel, Desert Hot Springs, California, 1947 coord|33|56.31|N|116|28.83|W|
Harpel house, Los Angeles, California, 1956
Henry's Coffee Shop, Pomona, California, 1957
Pearlman Mountain Cabin, Idyllwild, California, 1957
* Malin Residence, "Chemosphere",
Hollywood, California, 1960
Wolff Residence, Hollywood, California, 1961
* Garcia House, "Rainbow", 7436
Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles, California, 1962
* Reiner Residence, "Silvertop",
Los Angeles, California, 1963
Arango Residence, Acapulco, Mexico, 1973 coord|16|49.36|N|99|51.41|W|
Sheats Residence, Los Angeles, California, 1989 (Remodelling)
Elrod house, Palm Springs, California
* [http://www.johnlautner.org/ Official John Lautner website]
* [http://www.speicher.com/lautnerb.htm "John Lautner, Architect"] by Betsy Speicher
* [http://www.johnlautner.net/ The JOHN LAUTNER resources page]
* [http://www.breakfaster.co.uk/hopehouse.html The Bob Hope House]
* [http://www.lautnermotel.com/ Official Desert Hot Springs Motel website]
* [http://www.architetturaorganica.org ADAO - International Web Portal of Organic Architecture]
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