John Lautner

John Lautner

Infobox Architect

name=John Edward Lautner
mother=Vida Cathleen Gallangher
father=John Edward Lautner
birth_date=birth date|1911|7|16
birth_place=Marquette, Michigan
death_date=death date and age|1994|10|24|1911|7|16
death_place=Los Angeles, California
practice_name=John Lautner
significant_buildings=Malin Residence,"Chemosphere"
Pearlman Mountain Cabin
Sheats Residence
Arango Residence

John Lautner (16 July, 1911 - 24 October, 1994) was an influential American architect whose work in Southern California combined progressive engineering with humane design and dramatic space-age flair.


Lautner was born in Marquette, Michigan and attended Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin Fellowship for six years in the 1930s as architectural training, with great artists and architects like E. Fay Jones, Paolo Soleri and Santiago Martinez Delgado, serving as construction manager on Wright's Johnson residence "Wingspread" and on two projects in Los Angeles (including the Sturges House). He stands among the most successful of Taliesin graduates.

The Chemosphere house has become a Los Angeles landmark that conveys both hope and folly. It was used in Brian De Palma's film "Body Double", and also appears in "". In 2000 German publisher Benedikt Taschen purchased and restored the house with architects Frank Escher and Ravi GuneWardena. A Chemosphere copy is used as the set for Current TV.

Although mostly known for residences, Lautner also contributed to the commercial genre of Googie. Googie was named in derogatory reference to Lautner's 1949 design for Googie's Coffee Shop (at the corner of Sunset Strip and Crescent Heights) in a 1952 magazine article by Yale University professor Douglas Haskell. The coffee shop itself was distinctive for its expansive glass walls, arresting form, and exuberant signage oriented to car traffic: an advertisement for itself. Other chains such as Tiny Naylor's, Ship's, Norm's and Clock's quickly imitated the look, which proves its commercial value.

Googie became part of the American postwar Zeitgeist, but was ridiculed by the architectural community of the 1950s as superficial and vulgar. Not until Robert Venturi's 1972 book "Learning from Las Vegas" did the architectural mainstream even come close to validating Lautner's logic. Lautner's reputation suffered as a result. Following some lean years in the 1950s and 1960s, he enjoyed something of a resurgence with his poured-concrete houses in the 1970s, notably the Bob Hope Residence and other houses in Palm Springs.

Among Lautner's other works include the Arango Residence in Acapulco, Mexico with its concrete sky-moat, and the landmark Desert Hot Springs Motel in Palm Springs. His dramatic and photogenic spaces are frequently exploited in films, notably the Palm Springs Elrod Residence used to good effect in the 1971 James Bond film "Diamonds Are Forever". Lautner also designed a home on Malibu's Carbon Beach which was owned by Courtney Cox. The home sold for $33.5 million.

One of the few Lautner buildings regularly open to the general public is the Desert Hot Springs Motel. restored in 2001.

elected works

* Lautner Residence, Los Angeles, California, 1940
* Mauer Residence, Los Angeles, California, 1946
* Desert Hot Springs Motel, Desert Hot Springs, California, 1947 coord|33|56.31|N|116|28.83|W|
* Harpel house, Los Angeles, California, 1956
* Henry's Coffee Shop, Pomona, California, 1957
* Pearlman Mountain Cabin, Idyllwild, California, 1957
* Malin Residence, "Chemosphere", Hollywood, California, 1960
* Wolff Residence, Hollywood, California, 1961
* Garcia House, "Rainbow", 7436 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles, California, 1962
* Reiner Residence, "Silvertop", Los Angeles, California, 1963
* Arango Residence, Acapulco, Mexico, 1973 coord|16|49.36|N|99|51.41|W|
* Sheats Residence, Los Angeles, California, 1989 (Remodelling)
* Elrod house, Palm Springs, California

External links

* [ Official John Lautner website]
* [ "John Lautner, Architect"] by Betsy Speicher
* [ The JOHN LAUTNER resources page]
* [ The Bob Hope House]
* [ Official Desert Hot Springs Motel website]
* [ ADAO - International Web Portal of Organic Architecture]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Lautner — (* 16. Juli 1911 in Marquette, Michigan; † 24. Oktober 1994 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Architekt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 Space Age 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Lautner — (16 de julio de 1911 24 de octubre de 1994) fue un influyente arquitecto de Estados Unidos, cuyo trabajo en el sur de California combinó la ingeniería con el diseño humano y un dramático estilo de la era espacial. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obras… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Lautner — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lautner. Chemosphere (1960), Los Angeles. John Edward Lautner (né le 16 juillet 1911, mort l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lautner — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Georges Lautner (* 1926), französischer Film und Fernsehregisseur John Lautner (1911–1994), amerikanischer Architekt Taylor Lautner (* 1992), amerikanischer Schauspieler Diese Sei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lautner — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Georges Lautner (né le 24 janvier 1926) est un réalisateur et scénariste français ; John Lautner (16 juillet 1911 24 octobre 1994) est un architecte… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Clough Holmes — (September 25, 1809 December 16, 1887) was responsible for the establishment of Michigan State University. As the co founder of the Michigan State Agricultural Society, John Clough Holmes spearheaded the movement to build an agriculture college… …   Wikipedia

  • John Singleton — Données clés Nom de naissance John Daniel Singleton Naissance 6  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Philoponus — ( ca. 490 ndash; ca. 570), also known as John Grammarian of Alexandria, was a Christian and Aristotelian commentator and the author of a considerable number of philosophical treaties and theological works. Although chronologically John Philoponus …   Wikipedia

  • John Amila — Jean Amila Jean Meckert Autres noms John Amila ; Jean Amila ; Duret ; Albert Duvivier ; Mariodile ; Marcel Pivert. Activité(s) romancier, dialoguiste Naissance 24 novembre 1910 Décès 7 mars 1995… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taylor Lautner — Taylor Daniel Lautner Taylor Lautner en 2009. Nacimiento 11 de febrero de 1992 (19 años) Grand Rapids, Míchigan …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”