Ecologically Critical Area

Ecologically Critical Area

Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) is an environmental protection zone, defined by the government of Bangladesh under the "Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act" (BECA), 1995, where ecosystem is considered to be threatened to reach a critical state.M Aminul Islam, [http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/E_0017.htm Ecologically Critical Area] , "Banglapedia: The national encyclopedia of Bangladesh"; Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka; "Retrieved: 2007-12-03"]

In April 1999, the Director General of the Department of Environment (DOE) officially declared an area of nearly 400 square kilometres as ECAs. Distributed into seven separate wetland areas, the sites are Hakaluki haor, Sonadia Island, St. Martin's Island, and Teknaf Peninsula (including the Cox's Bazar Sea Beach but not the buffer zones), Tanguar haor, Marjat baor and outside of Sundarbans Reserved Forest to an extent of 10 km.

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