Terra Nova (ship)

Terra Nova (ship)

The "Terra Nova" ("Latin" for Newfoundland) was built in 1884 for the Dundee whaling and sealing fleet. She worked for 10 years in the annual seal fishery in the Labrador Sea proving her worth for many years before she was called upon for expedition work.

"Terra Nova" was ideally suited to the polar regions. Her first work in the cause of science was as a relief ship for the Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic Expedition of 1894-1897. In 1898 it was bought by Bowring Brothers and sailed under the command of Nicholas Kennedy and in later years by Captain Abram Kean."Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador", ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.]

In 1903, she sailed in company with fellow ex-whaler "Morning" to assist in freeing from McMurdo Sound the National Antarctic Expedition's "Discovery", under Commander Robert Falcon Scott.

In 1909, she was purchased from Bowring Brothers Limited for the British Antarctic Expedition, known also as the "Terra Nova Expedition", for the sum of £12,500. Reinforced from bow to stern with seven feet of oak to protect against the Antarctic ice pack, she sailed from Cardiff on 15 June 1910 under overall command of now Captain Scott, who described her as "a wonderfully fine ice ship.... As she bumped the floes with mighty shocks, crushing and grinding a way through some, twisting and turning to avoid others, she seemed like a living thing fighting a great fight."." [http://explorion.net/r.f.scott-scott-last-expedition-1/page-37.html Scott's Last Expedition, Volume I, pag. 37] ".]

Although the twenty-four officers and scientific staff made valuable observations in biology, geology, glaciology, meteorology, and geophysics along the coast of Victoria Land and on the Ross Ice Shelf, Scott's last expedition is best remembered for the death of Scott and four companions. After wintering at Cape Evans, on Ross Island, Scott, Henry Bowers, Edgar Evans, Lawrence Oates, and Edward Wilson set out on a race to be the first men at the South Pole. Starting with tractors and Mongolian ponies, the final 800 miles had to be covered by man-hauling alone. Reaching the South Pole on January 17, 1912, they found that Roald Amundsen's expedition (based on "Fram") had beaten them by thirty-three days. Worse was to come, as all five men died on the return journey. Tent, bodies, and journals were found the following summer.

After returning from the Antarctic in 1913, "Terra Nova" was purchased by her former owners and resumed work in the Newfoundland seal fishery. Estimates for its career as a sealing vessel is over 800,000 seal pelts. "Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador", ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.] In 1918 it was charted by DOSCO to transport coal from the coal mines at North Sydney to Bell Island. It had also assisted at the disaster of the "Florizel" in February 1918. In 1942 it was chartered by Newfoundland Base Contractors to carry supplies to base stations in Greenland when on 13 September, 1943 she was damaged by ice and sank off the southwestern tip of Greenland; her crew were saved by a United States Coast Guard cutter "Atka"."Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador", ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.] The figurehead for "Terra Nova" removed in 1913, was sent to the National Museum of Wales.


External links

* [http://www.rgsprints.org/search.php?keywords=tera+nova&page=1&numperpage=8&idx=4&ref=wiki&ad=rgs04 The official Royal Geographical Society print website] containing a number of Terra Nova images

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Terra Nova — or Terranova means new land or new earth in Latin, Galician and Portuguese. It can refer to: In geography: Newfoundland (island), the island portion of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Terra Nova, Newfoundland and Labrador, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Terra nova (bateau) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Terra Nova. Terra Nova …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Terra Nova (barco) — El texto que sigue es una traducción defectuosa o incompleta. Si quieres colaborar con Wikipedia, busca el artículo original y mejora o finaliza esta traducción. Puedes dar aviso al autor principal del artículo pegando el siguiente código en su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Terra Nova (bateau) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Terra Nova. Terra Nova Le Terra Nova Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Terra Nova Expedition — Scott s party at the South Pole, 18 January 1912. L to R: (standing) Oates, Scott, Wilson; (seated) Bowers, Edgar Evans The Terra Nova Expedition (1910–1912), officially the British Antarc …   Wikipedia

  • Terra Nova (Enterprise) — ST episode name =Terra Nova The Enterprise solves the mystery of the Terra Nova colony series =Enterprise ep num =5 prod num =106 date =October 24, 2001 writer =Rick Berman Brannon Braga director =LeVar Burton producer =Dawn Valazquez guest… …   Wikipedia

  • HMCS Terra Nova (DDE 259) — was a sclass|Restigouche|destroyer|1 that served in the Royal Canadian Navy and later the Canadian Forces from 1959 1997.She was the sixth ship of her class and the first Canadian war ship to bear the name HMCS Terra Nova . The ship honours the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Terra Nova — (77°31′S 167°57′E / 77.517°S 167.95°E / 77.517; 167.95) is a snow covered mountain, 2,130 m, between Mount Erebus and Mount Terror on Ros …   Wikipedia

  • Nova (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Geography 2 Motor vehicles 3 Television 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Nimrod (ship) — For other uses, see Nimrod (disambiguation). The Nimrod Career Name: Nimrod …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”