- Balzac v. Porto Rico
Infobox SCOTUS case
Litigants=Balzac v. Porto Rico
FullName=Balzac v. People of Porto Rico
Holding=Sixth Amendment protections do not apply to unincorporated territories of the United States.
JoinMajority=McKenna, Day, Van Devanter, Pitney, McReynolds, Brandeis, Sutherland
"Balzac v. Porto Rico", ussc|258|298|1922, was a case in which the
Supreme Court of the United Statesheld that certain provisions of the U.S. Constitutiondid not apply to territories not incorporated into the union. It originated when Jesús M. Balzac was prosecuted for criminal libelin a district court of Puerto Rico. Balzac declared that his rights had been violated under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution as he was denied a trial by jury, since the code of criminal procedure of Puerto Rico did not grant a jury trial in misdemeanor cases. In the appeal, the U.S. Supreme Courtaffirmed the judgments of the lower courts on the island in deciding that the provisions of the Constitution did not apply to a territory that belonged to the United States but was not incorporated into the Union. It has become known as one of the " Insular Cases".
List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 258
*cite book |chapter="Balzac v. Porto Rico" (1922), the Insular cases (1901), and Puerto Rico's status in the American legal system |title=Latinos and American Law: Landmark Supreme Court Cases |last=Soltero |first=Carlos R. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2006 |publisher=University of Texas Press |location=Austin, TX |isbn=0292714114 |pages=19–34
* [http://www.enfacto.com/case/U.S./258/298/ Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 (1922)] (opinion full text).
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