- John Rudolph Niernsee
John Rudolph Niernsee (1814–1885) was an American architect, the head architect for the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. He was born as Johann Rudolph Niernsee in Vienna, Austriaand immigrated to the United States in 1837, at age 22. He apprenticed to Benjamin Latrobe.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shopsthat he worked on together with Albert Finkwere declared a National Historic Landmarkin 2003.citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/03001045.pdf National Historic Landmark Nomination: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops] |1.30 MB|date=October, 2003 |author=Michael Caplinger and John Bond |publisher=National Park Service and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/03001045.pdf Accompanying 18 photos, exterior and interior, from 2001 and undated.] |5.00 MB]
The Greek Revival
South Carolina State Capitolis another National Historic Landmarkbuilding which he designed, c. 1851, although full implementation was delayed. From 1888 to 1891, a time when much of the interior work was completed, it was in fact Niernsee’s son, Frank McHenry Niernsee, who served as architect.
Green Mount Cemeteryhilltop chapel, in Baltimore, Maryland, which he designed with Nielsen, is a Gothic Revival work.
He designed Baltimore's
Johns Hopkins Hospitaland the Johns Hopkins Colored Children Orphan Asylum.
He is credited with having mentored
Ephraim Francis Baldwin.
* [http://www.marylandartsource.org/artists/detail_000000126.html John Rudolph Niernsee, at Maryland ArtSource]
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