John Pory

John Pory

Infobox Writer
name = John Pory
birthdate = 1572
birthplace = England
deathdate = Death year and age|1636|1572
deathplace = England
occupation = Government administrator, traveller, author, journalist
nationality = English
period = 1600–1636
subject = Exploration, geography, travel
influences = Richard Hakluyt
influenced = John Donne, John Milton, Ben Jonson, William Shakespeare

John Pory (1572–1636) was an English government administrator, traveller, and author of the Jacobean and Caroline eras; [cite book|last=Powell|first=William Stevens|title=John Pory, 1572–1636 : The Life and Letters of a Man of Many Parts|location=Chapel Hill, N.C.|publisher=University of North Carolina Press|year=1977|isbn=0807812714|id=ISBN 0807812706] he is widely considered to have been the first news correspondent in English-language journalism.

Life and work

Pory was educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge; he earned his Bachelors degree in 1592 and his Masters in 1595. He was elected a member of Parliament from the borough of Bridgewater in 1605, and served until 1610. In 1607 Pory travelled through France and the Low Countries, and was involved in a plan to introduce silkworm breeding to England. He spent the years 1611–1616 travelling through Europe, to Italy and as far as Constantinople, where he was the secretary of English ambassador Sir Paul Pindar; for a portion of 1617 he served as the secretary to the English ambassador to Savoy, Sir Isaac Wake. Late in 1619, Pory travelled to the new English colony in Virginia as secretary to the governor, Sir George Yeardley. Pory spent the years 1619–1621 and 1623–1624 in Virginia; he served as the first Speaker of the Virginia Assembly, and explored Chesapeake Bay by boat in 1620. He returned to England and settled in London in 1624. Pory had accumulated a widespread acquaintance with influential people in a range of positions and locations, and maintained a vigorous letter-writing correspondence with them over the later years of his life. [citation|last=Lee|first=Sidney (ed.)|authorlink=Sidney Lee|title=Dictionary of National Biography|location=Oxford|publisher=Oxford University Press|volume=16|pages=201–202.] Contemporaries described him as being addicted to both gossip and alcohol.

Ealy in his career, around 1597, Pory became an associate and protégé of the geographer and author Richard Hakluyt; Hakluyt later termed Pory his "very honest, industrious, and learned friend." Pory was also a friend of Sir Robert Cotton, William Camden, Sir Dudley Carleton, and other members their circles. It was at Hakluyt's urging that Pory engaged in his first literary effort, a translation of a geographic work by Leo Africanus that was published as "A Geographical Historie of Africa" (1600). [cite book|last=Leo|first=Joannes, Africanus|authorlink=Leo Africanus|coauthors=John Pory (trans. & comp.)|title=A Geographical Historie of Africa, Written in Arabicke and Italian. ... Before which... is Prefixed a Generall Description of Africa, and... a Particular Treatise of All the... Lands... Undescribed by J. Leo... Translated and Collected by J. Pory|location=London|publisher=George Bishop|year=1600 Reprinted as cite book|last=Leo|first=Johannes, Africanus|authorlink=Leo Africanus|coauthors=Robert Brown (ed.)|title=The History and Description of Africa, and of the Notable Things therein Contained / Done into English in the Year 1600, by John Pory; and now Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Dr Robert Brown (Works Issued by the Hakluyt Society; no. 92)|location=London|publisher=Printed for the Hakluyt Society|year=1896 3 vols.] Pory also produced significant documents about the Jamestown colony in Virginia [cite book|last=Tyler|first=Lyon Gardiner|title=Narratives of Early Virginia, 1606–1625|location=New York, N.Y.|publisher=Charles Scribner's Sons|year=1907|pages=279–287, 351–355] and the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts.


In London from the early 1620s on, Pory was associated with Nathaniel Butter in his efforts to create news periodicals for the English public. [citation|last=Baron|first=Sabrina A.|chapter=The Guises of Dissemination in Early Seventeenth-Century England : News in Manuscript and Print|editor-last=Dooley|editor-first=Brendan|editor2-last=Baron|editor2-first=Sabrina|title=The Politics of Information in Early Modern Europe|location=London|publisher=Routledge|year=2001|pages=41–56|isbn=0415203104.] Headquartered at Butter's shop at the sign of the Pied Bull, Pory was a "correspondent" in the literal sense, who maintained exchanges of letters with the wide variety of prominent people he had met and cultivated in his earlier public career. Other similarly-situated men of his generation, like John Chamberlain, played comparable roles in such correspondences and exchanges of news; Pory was atypical and perhaps unique in that he channelled his knowledge and contacts into commercial news ventures, Butter's early newspapers. Pory also ran his own manuscript news service, charging patrons for regular news reports; Viscount Scudamore paid Pory £20 for an annual subscription of weekly bulletins for the year 1632. [cite book|last=Raymond|first=Joad (ed.)|title=News, Newspapers, and Society in Early Modern Britain|location=London|publisher=Frank Cass Publishers|year=1999|id=ISBN 0714649449 (hbk.)|isbn=0714680036 (pbk.)|page=41]

In some respects, Pory was the first to do what many modern public figures do, moving among official posts, journalism, and positions in the private sector.

Influences and connections

Modern scholars who have studied Pory's published works and his correspondence have unearthed a range of linkages with important figures of his era, like John Donne [cite book|last=Bald|first=R. C. (Robert Cecil)|coauthors=completed & ed. by W. (Wesley) Milgate|title=John Donne : A Life|location=Oxford|publisher=Clarendon Press|year=1970|isbn=0198116845] and John Milton. [cite book|last=Durham|first=Charles W.|coauthors=Kristin A. Pruitt (eds.)|title=All in All : Unity, Diversity, and the Miltonic Perspective|location=Selinsgrove, Pa.|publisher=Susquenhanna University Press|year=1999|isbn=1575910160|page=218] Shakespeare may have borrowed from Pory's book on Africa for his "Othello"; [citation|last=Whitney|first=L.|contribution=Did Shakespeare Know Leo Africanus?|title=Papers of the Modern Language Association|volume=37|year=1922|pages=470–488. For the text apparently relied on by Shakespeare from Pory's book, see cite web|last=Mabillard|first=Amanda|title=Sources for "Othello"|url=|publisher=Shakespeare Online|date=2000-03-19|accessdate=2007-10-12] Ben Jonson used it for "The Masque of Blackness". Pory's extant correspondence provides researchers with a wealth of detail about London and Court society in the period. He describes, among other things, the last hours of Sir Walter Raleigh, and brawls between nobles at the Blackfriars Theatre.




Further reading

* Reprinted as cite book|last=Pory|first=John|coauthors=Emmanuel Altham & Isaack de Rasières|title=Three Visitors to Early Plymouth : Letters about the Pilgrim Settlement in New England during its First Seven Years|location=Bedford, Mass.|publisher=Applewood Books|year=1997|isbn=1557094632 (pbk.)

External links

* [ Information on John Pory's edition of Leo Africanus's "A Geographical Historie of Africa" (1600) from Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership]
* [ Letter from John Pory to Sir Dudley Carleton, English ambassador to the Netherlands (1619), published in the "Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society", 4th ser., IX (1871), from American Journeys]
* [ Text of letters from John Pory to the Treasurer of the Virginia Company of London (January 1622/1623) and to the Governor of Virginia (autumn 1622), from]
* [,M1 Letter from John Pory to Joseph Mead upon the first removal of the Queen's French attendants (5 July 1626), from H. E. (Henry Ellis) (1824). "Original Letters, Illustrative of English History; including Numerous Royal Letters from Autographs in the British Museum, and One or Two Other Collections". London: Harding, Triphook and Lepard, vol. 3, 237–244. 3 vols. Reproduced at Google Books]

NAME = Pory, John
SHORT DESCRIPTION = English government administrator, traveller and author

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Chamberlain (letter writer) — John Chamberlain (1553 – 1628) was the author of a series of letters written in England from 1597 to 1626, notable for their historical value and their literary qualities. [Thomson, vii.] In the view of historian Wallace Notestein, Chamberlain s… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Hakluyt — Infobox Writer name = Richard Hakluyt imagesize = caption = Hakluyt depicted in stained glass in the West Window of the South Transept of Bristol Cathedral – Charles Eamer Kempe, c. 1905. pseudonym = birthdate = c. 1552 or 1553 birthplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Hakluyt — Hakluyt sur un vitrail du parement ouest du transept sud de la cathédrale de Bristol (1905) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Vice-Chancellors of the University of Cambridge — The Vice Chancellor of the University of Cambridge is the main administrative and academic officer of the university, and is elected by the Regent House for a term of up to seven years.Prior to 1992, the position was part time, the post holder… …   Wikipedia

  • Dean and Canons of Westminster — Anglicanism portal …   Wikipedia

  • Nathaniel Butter — Contents 1 Beginnings 2 Drama 3 Controversy 4 News …   Wikipedia

  • Othello (character) — Othello Othello and Desdemona in Venice by Théodore Chassériau (1819–56 Creator William Shakespeare Play Othello Othello is a character in Shakespeare s …   Wikipedia

  • Humphrey Robinson — (died November 13, 1670) was a prominent London publisher and bookseller of the middle seventeenth century. Robinson was the son of a Bernard Robinson, a clerk from Carlisle; other members of his family were important clergymen and church office… …   Wikipedia

  • 1572 in literature — Events*The Act of 1572 that amends the Elizabethan Poor Law classifies actors as vagabonds mdash; unless they enjoy noble patronage. With patronage, however, the actors are more secure from local interference than previously, allowing the famous… …   Wikipedia

  • Correspondent — Foreign correspondent redirects here. For other uses, see Correspondent (disambiguation). Correspondent from Press TV in Madrid. A correspondent or on the scene reporter is a journalist or commentator, or more gene …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”