Reginald Punnett

Reginald Punnett

Infobox Scientist
name = Reginald Punnett
box_width =

image_width = 150px
caption = Reginald Punnett
birth_date = June 20 1875
birth_place = Tonbridge, Kent
death_date = January 3 1967
death_place = Bilbrook, Somerset
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = British
ethnicity =
field = Genetics
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = "Journal of Genetics" Punnett square
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Professor Reginald Crundall Punnett FRS (June 20 1875 – January 3 1967) was a British geneticist who co-founded, with William Bateson, the "Journal of Genetics" in 1910. Punnett is probably best remembered today as the creator of the Punnett square, a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring. His "Mendelism" (1905) is sometimes said to have been the first textbook on genetics; it was probably the first popular science book to introduce genetics to the public.

Life and work

Reginald Punnett was born in 1875 in the town of Tonbridge in Kent, England. While recovering from a childhood bout of appendicitis, Punnett became acquainted with Jardine's Naturalist's Library and developed an interest in natural history.

Attending Gonville and Caius College at the University of Cambridge, Punnett earned a degree in zoology in 1898, and a masters in 1902. Between these degrees he worked as a demonstrator and part-time lecturer at the University of St. Andrew's Natural History Department. However, by 1902 Punnett was back at Cambridge working in zoology, primarily the study of worms, specifically nemerteans. It was during this time that he and William Bateson began a research collaboration, which lasted several years. [Dates given in cite web | url = | title = World of Biology | year = 2005 | publisher = Thomson Gale]

When Punnett was an undergraduate, Gregor Mendel's work on inheritance was largely unknown and unappreciated by scientists. However, in 1900, Mendel's work was rediscovered by Carl Correns, Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg and Hugo de Vries. William Bateson became a proponent of Mendelian genetics, and had Mendel's work translated into English. It was with Bateson that Reginald Punnett helped established the new science of genetics at Cambridge. He and Bateson co-discovered genetic linkage through experiments with chickens and pea plants.

In 1908, unable to explain how a dominant gene would not become fixed and ubiquitous in a population, Punnett introduced one of his problems to the mathematician G. H. Hardy, with whom he played cricket. Hardy went on to formulate the Hardy-Weinberg principle, independently of the German Wilhelm Weinberg.

In 1910 Punnett became professor of biology at Cambridge, and then the first Arthur Balfour Professor of Genetics when Bateson left in 1912. In the same year, Punnett was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. He received the society's Darwin Medal in 1922.

During World War I, Punnett successfully applied his expertise to the problem of the early determination of gender in chickens. Since only females were used for food, early identification of male chicks, who were destroyed, meant that more of the limited food supplies could be given to the females. Punnett's work in this area was summarized in "Heredity in Poultry" (1923).

Reginald Punnett retired in 1940, and died at the age of 91 in 1967 in Bilbrook, Somerset.

Selected writings


*- A scanned copy of the second edition is [,M1 here] .


* "Heredity in Poultry" (1923)


Further reading

id = PMID:4872161
url =
last = Crew
first = F. A.
publication-date =
year = 1968
title = R. C. Punnett
volume = 58

id = PMID:4917050
last = Hutt
first = F. B.
year = 1970
title = Professor R. C. Punnett
periodical=World's Poultry Science Journal

id = PMID:16809834
id = PMID:16809833
url =
last = Vijayraghavan
first = K.
publication-date=2006 Apr
year= 2006
title=Punnett and duck genetics
periodical = Journal of Genetics

External links

* [ A brief biographical sketch of Punnett]
* [ A briefer biographical sketch of Punnett]
* [ A brief history of the University of Cambridge's Department of Genetics]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reginald Punnett — Reginald Crundall Punnett était un généticien britannique né le 20 juin 1875 à Tonbridge (Kent) et décédé le 3 janvier 1967 à Bilbrook (Somerset). Sommaire 1 Travaux 2 Ouvrages …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reginald Punnett — Reginald Crundall Punnett (* 20. Juni 1875 in Tonbridge, Grafschaft Kent; † 3. Januar 1967 in Bilbrook, Grafschaft Somerset) war ein britischer Genetiker. Leben und Wirken 1898 schloss er sein Studium in Zoologie an dem Gonville and Caius College …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reginald — ist ein vor allem im englischen Sprachraum verbreiteter männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Variationen des Namens 2.1 Bekannte Träger des Vornamens Reginald 2.2 Zwische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punnett-Quadrat — Ein Punnett Quadrat, auch Rekombinationsquadrat (lat.: re = „zurück“, „wieder“, „neu“) oder kürzer Kombinationsquadrat, ist ein Hilfsmittel, das von dem britischen Genetiker Reginald Punnett entwickelt wurde. In der Biologie wird es benutzt, um… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reginald — /rej euh neuhld/, n. a male given name: from an Old English word meaning counsel and rule. * * * (as used in expressions) Bolton Guy Reginald Hall Sir Peter Reginald Frederick Reginald Carey Harrison Reginald Martinez Jackson Reginald Kenneth… …   Universalium

  • Reginald — (as used in expressions) Bolton, Guy (Reginald) Hall, Sir Peter (Reginald Frederick) Reginald Carey Harrison Reginald Martínez Jackson Reginald Kenneth Dwight Marsh, Reginald Reginald Truscott Jones Pole, Reginald Punnett, Reginald Crundall… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reginald Crundall Punnett — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ilustración de mariposas de Punnet, de su libro Mimicry in Butterflies Reginald Crundall Punnett, F.R.S. (20 de junio de 1875 3 de enero de 1967), genetista británico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Punnett — Reginald Crundall Punnett (* 20. Juni 1875 in Tonbridge, Grafschaft Kent; † 3. Januar 1967 in Bilbrook, Grafschaft Somerset) war ein britischer Genetiker. Leben und Wirken 1898 schloss er sein Studium in Zoologie an dem Gonville and Caius College …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punnett square — The Punnett square is a diagram that is used to predict the outcome of a particular cross or breeding experiment. It is named after Reginald C. Punnett, who devised the approach, and is used by biologists to determine the probability of an… …   Wikipedia

  • Punnett, Reginald Crundall — born June 20, 1875, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng. died Jan. 3, 1967, Bilbrook, Somerset British geneticist. Through contact with William Bateson he came to support the theories of Gregor Mendel, and in 1905 he published the first textbook on Mendelian… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”