- Wolfgang Schäuble
name = Wolfgang Schäuble
office = Federal Minister of the Interior GER
November 22 2005
office2 = Chairman of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group in the German Bundestag
office3 = Federal Minister of the Interior GER
April 21 1989
November 26 1991
office4 = Chief of the Chancellery and Federal Minister for Special Affairs
November 15 1984
April 21 1989
successor4 = Rudolf Seiters
birth_date = Birth date and age|1942|9|18|mf=y
nationality = German
party = Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
University of Freiburg
University of Hamburg
religion = Protestant [http://www.wolfgang-schaeuble.de/ws-pers.htm]
website = [http://www.wolfgang-schaeuble.de/ wolfgang-schaeuble.de]
From 1984 to 1989 he held the position of the Minister for Special Tasks and served as the head of the Chancellery. From
1989to 1991he was Minister of the Interior in Helmut Kohl's Cabinet. Between 1991and 2000, he was chairman of the CDU/CSU faction in the parliament, and from 1998to 2000also CDU party chairman. Since November 2005, he has been serving a second term as Minister of the Interior in Angela Merkel's government.
Education and career
Schäuble was born in
Freiburg im Breisgauas the son of a tax finance advisor. After completing his " Abitur" (highest German school-leaving examination for university entrance) in 1961, Schäuble studied law and economics in Freiburg im Breisgauand Hamburg, which he completed in 1966 and 1970 by passing the First and Second State Examinations respectively, becoming a fully qualified lawyer.
In 1971 Schäuble obtained his doctorate in law, with a dissertation called "The public accountant's professional legal situation within accountancy firms".
He entered the tax administration of the state of
Baden-Württemberg, eventually becoming a senior administration officer in the Freiburg tax office.
Subsequently Schäuble became a practising registered lawyer at the district court of
Offenburg, from 1978 to 1984.
Schäuble has been married to economist
Ingeborg Schäublesince 1969. They have four children, three daughters, Christine, Juliane and Anna, and one son, Hans-Jörg.His brother Thomas Schäublewas Interior Minister of Baden-Württemberg, and has been executive chairman of the Baden Württemberg state brewery " Rothaus" since 2004.
Schäuble's political career began in
1961with him joining the " Junge Union" ("Young Union"), the youth division of the CDU. During his studies he served as chairman of the " Ring Christlich-Demokratischer Studenten" (Association of Christian-Democrat Students, RCDS), in Hamburg and Freiburg. In 1965Schäuble also became a member of the CDU. From 1969to 1972he was district chairman of the Junge Union in South Baden. From 1976to 1984he served as chairman of the CDU National Committee for Sport.
After the CDU was defeated in the 1998 federal election, Schäuble became chairman of the CDU. He gave up this post in 2000 in the wake of the party financing scandal, over the acceptance of cash donation over DM 100,000 contributed by the arms dealer and lobbyist
Karlheinz Schreiberback in 1994. Schäuble's successor was Angela Merkel.
Member of Parliament
Schäuble has been a member of the Bundestag since 1972. From 1981 to 1984 he was parliamentary whip of the CDU/CSU coalition and in November 1991 he became the chairman of the coalition. However, Schäuble gave up this position as well in 2000, as another consequence of the financing scandal. Since October 2002 Schäuble has been deputy chairman of the CDU/CSU.
Wolfgang Schäuble has always been elected to the Bundestag by means of winning an electorate seat, rather than through a list placing in Germany’s system of proportional political representation. At the 2005 federal election he received 50.5% of all direct votes cast within his electoral district No. 285 in
Offenburg, slightly lower than the 52.2% he received at the 2002 election.
On 15 November 1984 Schäuble was appointed Minister for Special Tasks and head of the Chancellery by Chancellor
Helmut Kohl. In this capacity he was put in charge of the preparations for the first official state visit of Erich Honecker, Chairman of the State Council of the German Democratic Republic(GDR), in 1987.
In a cabinet reshuffle Schäuble was made Minister of the Interior on 21 April 1989. In this role he also led the negotiations on behalf of the
Federal Republic of Germanyfor reunification with the GDRin 1990.
In 1997 Helmut Kohl stated that Schäuble was his desired candidate to succeed him as federal Chancellor, but he didn’t want to hand over power until 2002. However, as the CDU/CSU lost the 1998 election, Schäuble never became Chancellor.
Eberhard Diepgenwas voted out as mayor of Berlin, Schäuble was in talks to be the top candidate for the early election on 21 October 2001, but was rejected by the Berlin branch of the CDU in favour of Frank Steffel. Some quarters of the CDU and CSU wanted to put Schäuble forward as their candidate for the office of German President, the largely ceremonial head of state, at the beginning of March 2004, due to his extensive political experience. In spite of support from the Premiers of Bavaria(Edmund Stoiber (CSU)) and Hesse(Roland Koch (CDU)), Schäuble did not receive the party’s nomination in the end because CDU leader Angela Merkel, other CDU politicians and the liberal FDP party spoke out against him. This was because the election contributions scandal involving Schäuble that first came to light in late 1999 had never been entirely resolved.
In November 2005, Schäuble once again became Federal Minister of the Interior, this time in the
Grand Coalitionunder Chancellor Angela Merkel.
In 1999 Schäuble initiated a CDU/CSU petition campaign against the reform of German citizenship law under the slogan "Integration: yes - double citizenship: no".
Iraq Warin 2003 Schäuble, in contrast to many German politicians, strongly defended the United States' decision to invade Iraq.
He accused the then Chancellor
Gerhard Schröderof lacking an appropriate historical conscience because he accepted alleged human rights violations by the Russian Government without criticism.
Schäuble is also of the view that Europe's problem is not the
European Union, but rather certain national governments that cannot resist the temptation to make the EU and Europe the scapegoat for their own national problems. Examples pointed out by Schäuble include the EU's Stability and Growth Pactand the Ministry of Finance's view that the introduction of the Eurowould damage the German economy.
In March 2007, Schäuble declared in an interview that the application of
presumption of innocenceshould not be relevant for the authorization of counter-terrorist operations. [ [http://www.tagesschau.de/aktuell/meldungen/0,1185,OID6637218_TYP6_THE_NAV_REF1_BAB,00.html Schäuble will Unschuldsvermutung nicht gelten lassen] , www. tagesschau.de, April 18, 2007]
Later the same year (2007), Schäuble proposed the introduction of legislation that would allow the German Federal Government to carry out preventive assassinations of what Schäuble labels terrorist suspects, as well as outlawing the use of the Internet and cell phones for people suspected of being terrorist sympathizers. [ [http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=3&art_id=nw20070709114743331C698330 "German minister's proposal causes uproar"] , AFP ("IOL"), July 9, 2007.]
In February 27, 2008, he called all European newspapers to print the Muhammad cartoons with the explanation, "We also think they're pathetic, but the use of press freedom is no reason to resort to violence." [ [http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,3153390,00.html German Minister Calls on EU Press to Publish Mohammed Cartoon, Deutsche Welle, February 27, 2008] ]
Schäuble is criticised by some for his strong conservative views and his pursuit of law and order politics; his remarks about the 2006 FIFA World Cup's security (demanding to put tanks in front of the stadiums if necessary) and his decision to opt out of the
Schengen agreementduring the World Cup were frowned upon by many. He is—together with Otto Schilyand Günther Beckstein—seen by some civil rightsactivistsWho|date=December 2007 as one of the most rigid, authoritarian politicians in Germany. His declared attendance of LinuxTag2007 drew a boycott from parts of the open-source softwarecommunity. [ [http://linux.slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=07/05/19/2149231 Slashdot | German Linux Community Boycotting LinuxTag ] ] The latest decisions of his ministry have led to a campaign dubbed Stasi 2.0by its initiators, claiming intentional resemblance to the communist Ministerium für Staatssicherheitof the former German Democratic Republicwhich was well known for human rights abuses. [ [http://www.taz.de/1/politik/deutschland/artikel/1/der-mann-hinter-der-schaeublone/?src=SE&cHash=10c91b80e3 taz.de | The Man Behind the Schäuble Stencil (German)] ]
Yet more controversy was sparked by Schäuble's recommendation in a 2007 interview of a book by
Otto Depenheuer, who defended the Guantanamo Bay detention campas a "legally permissible response in the fight of constitutional civilisation against the barbarity of terrorism".cite news |author= Gunter Hofmann |title= Schäubles Nachtlektüre |url=http://www.zeit.de/2007/33/Schaeubles_Nachtlektuere?page=all |publisher= Die Zeitissue 33/2007 |location= Hamburg|page=7 |date= 9 August 2007 |accessdate=2007-12-29 |language=German]
As a protest against his support for the increasing use of biometric data, the influential hacker group
Chaos Computer Clubpublished one of Wolfgang Schäuble's fingerprints in the March 2008 edition of its magazine "Datenschleuder". The magazine also included the print on a film that readers could use to fool fingerprint readers. [ [http://www.heise.de/english/newsticker/news/105728 CCC publishes fingerprints of Wolfgang Schäuble, the German Home Secretary] , "Heise Online", published 2008-03-31, accessed 2008-04-17]
Assassination attempt and its consequences
12 October 1990, Schäuble was the target of an assassination attempt by 32-year-old Dieter Kaufmann, who took the Smith and Wessonof his father and fired three shots at Schäuble after an election campaign event in Oppenau, injuring a bodyguard and Schäuble's spinal cordand face severely. Schäuble has been paralysed and confined to a wheelchair ever since. The assassin later stated, his shots would have been "self defence" because Germany "is a terror state" but he was declared "mentally ill" by the judges and committed to a clinic because of psychoneurosis.
* [http://www.axisglobe.com/article.asp?article=443 Germany's New Government: Wolfgang Schauble - The Comeback of United Germany's Architect]
* [http://www.wolfgang-schaeuble.de Wolfgang Schäuble's homepage] , in German.
* [http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/SchaeubleWolfgang Biography of Wolfgang Schäuble at the German Historical Museum] , in German
* [http://www.bundestag.de/mdb15/bio/S/schaewo0.html Biography of Wolfgang Schäuble at the Bundestag (German parliament) website] , in German.
* [http://www.fr-online.de/_img/_cnt/_hermes/071219_2029_muslime_in_deutschland.pdf Controversied study on immigration ordered by Schauble] in German
NAME = Schauble, Wolfgang
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = German politician
DATE OF BIRTH =
September 18, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH =
Freiburg im Breisgau
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =
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