Oecus, the Latinized form of Gr. oikos, house, used by Vitruvius for the principal hall or salon in a Roman house, which was used occasionally as a triclinium for banquets.

When of great size it became necessary to support its ceiling with columns; thus, according to Vitruvius, the tetrastyle oecus had four columns; in the Corinthian oecus there was a row of columns on each side, virtually therefore dividing the room into nave and aisles, the former being covered over with a semicircular ceiling. The Egyptian oecus had a similar plan, but the aisles were of less height, so that clerestory windows were introduced to light the room, which, as Vitruvius states, presents more the appearance of a basilica than of a triclinium.

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  • OECUS — apud Vitruvium, l. 6. c. 6. Graeca vox, Οἶκος, vulgo domus: Iosepho l. 15. Regnum seu Tetrarchia est, ibi enim legimus, ὁ οἶκος τοῦ Λυσανίου quod idem est, ac Lysaniae Tetrarchiae vel Abilenae, ut appellat Euangelista Lucas c. 3. v. 1. Vide supra …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Oecus — Fresken im Haus der Vettier in Pompeji. Der Oecus (von griechisch οἶκος „Haus“, „Wohnung“) ist ein Raum im römischen Haus, ähnlich dem Triclinium. Der oecus ist aber im allgemeinen größer, so dass die Decke von Säulen gestützt werden muss.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • OECUS Asarotos — apud Plin. l. 36. c. 25. Celeberrimus fuit in eo genere Solus, qui Pergami stravit, quem vocant Asaroton Occon, quoniam purgamenta cenae in pavimento, quaeque everri solent, veluti relicta fecerat parvis e tesserulis, tinctisque in verios colores …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • oecus — /ee keuhs/, n., pl. oeci /ee suy/. (in an ancient Roman house) an apartment, esp. a dining room, decorated with columns. [ < L < Gk oîkos house] * * * …   Universalium

  • oecus — noun An apartment, room, or hall in an ancient Roman dwelling house …   Wiktionary

  • Oecus — L Œcus est une pièce de la maison romaine équivalant à un salon ; elle se trouve généralement entre l Atrium et un péristyle donnant sur un jardin. On l identifie comme un salon dans les fouilles archéologiques de maison romaine en raison de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • oecus — oe·cus …   English syllables

  • oecus — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Casa dei Vettii — Blick in das Peristyl Grundriss: Vom Haupteingang (rechts) gelangt man in das Atrium, an das sich unmittelbar das Peristyl anschließt Haus der Vettier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haus der Vettier — Blick in das Peristyl Grundriss: Vom Haupteingang (r …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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