- Houma, Louisiana
name = City of Houma
category = City
country = United States
state = Louisiana
region = Terrebonne
region_type = Parish
area_imperial = 14.2
area_land_imperial = 14.0
area_water_imperial = 0.1
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
area_round = 1
lat_d = 29
lat_m = 35
lat_s = 15
lat_NS = N
long_d = 90
long_m = 42
long_s = 58
long_EW = W
elevation_imperial = 10
elevation_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 32393
population_density_imperial = 2308.5
population_density_round = 1
government_type = Government
government = Consolidated City-Parish
established_type = Founded
established = 1810
established1_type = Incorporated
established1 = 1848
established2_type = Re-Incorporated
established2 = 1898
leader_type = Parish President
leader = Michel Claudet
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
postal_code = 70360, 70363-64
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
area_code = 985
map_caption = Location of Houma in Louisiana
map_locator = Louisiana
map1 = Map of USA LA.svg
map1_caption = Location of Louisiana in the United States
website = http://www.tpcg.org
Houma (pronEng|ˈhoʊmə and IPA|/ˈhuːmə/ [
Kenyon and Knott(Addenda); Webster's New Geographical Dictionary (1984).] ) is the parish seatof Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, United States,GR|6 and the largest principal city of the Houma–Bayou Cane–Thibodaux Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city's powers of government have been absorbed by the parish, which is now run by the Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government. The population was 32,393 at the 2000 census. There are many unincorporated areas adjacent to the city of Houma; the largest, Bayou Cane, is an urbanized area commonly referred to by locals as Houma but is not included in the 2000 census count, and is in fact a separate census-designated place. The name Houma derives from the Houmas Indian tribe, not recognized by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs.
* Houma was founded in
1810and incorporated in 1848, and again in 1898.
Houma is located at coor dms|29|35|15|N|90|42|58|W|city (29.587614, -90.716108)GR|1 and has an elevation of convert|10|ft|1GR|3. BY SQ
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km²), of which, 14.0 square miles (36.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.92%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 32,393 people, 11,634 households, and 8,283 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 2,308.5 people per square mile (891.4/km²). There were 12,514 housing units at an average density of 891.8/sq mi (344.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.46% White, 26.12% African American, 3.45% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.76% of the population.
There were 11,634 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,471, and the median income for a family was $40,679. Males had a median income of $35,897 versus $22,202 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,720. About 16.4% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.
Houma and the surrounding communities are steeped in
Cajuntradition and culture. The area is famous for its food, fishing, swamps, music, and hospitality. Houma is also known, although not as well as New Orleans, for its Mardi Grasfestivities. Although Houma is quickly changing and developing, many of the residents in the surrounding small communities continue to make their living as their ancestors did. They are shrimpers, oystermen, crabbers, fishermen, and trappers. Despite the rapidly changing face of the area, many long-standing traditions and lifestyles remain to remind one of the area's rich cultural history.
*Houma is also the headquarters of the
Roman Catholic Diocese of Houma-Thibodaux, and home to Louisiana's second-oldest high school, Terrebonne High School.
*Houma and the surrounding area are the setting for the fictional "
Swamp Thing" comic books, the 1994 V. C. Andrewsbook "Ruby," and the 2005 film " The Skeleton Key" (which was not filmed in Houma or Terrebonne Parish).
*The 1999 films "
Crazy in Alabama" and " Fight Club (film)" were partially filmed in Houma.
HBOdocumentary The Recruiter, followed the life of an Army recruiter and several of his recruits from Houma.
The local newspaper is "The Courier." It was founded in
1878as "Le Courrier de Houma" by French-born Lafayette Bernard Filhucan Bazet. It first published in four-page, half-French half-English editions. It was sold to The New York Times Companyin 1980and is now part of the New York Times Regional Newspaper Group. [ [http://www.houmatoday.com/article/99999999/SERVICES02/212030001 About the Courier] . "The Courier" online edition (September 30. 2004). Retrieved October 19, 2007.]
The Houma-Terrebonne area took the brunt of Hurricane Gustav on September 1, 2008. Houma was mentioned many times on national news channels such as MSNBC as the worst place to be during the storm.
Notable natives and residents
Allen J. Ellender(1890-1972), former president pro tempore and Democratic U.S. Senator was from Houma.
Brandon Jacobs, professional athlete.
* Martin Folse, who also owns the local News station HTV, filmed the movie "Nutria Man: Terror in the Swamp" in the swamps in and around Houma in 1983.
Clarence Verdin, professional athlete.
Dax Riggshas lived much of his life in Houma.
Frank Lewis, professional athlete.
Jay Pennison, professional athlete.
Melvin Johnson, professional athlete.
* Richie Cunningham, professional athlete.
Tab Benoit, Blues musician and co-star of the IMAXmovie feature Hurricane on the Bayou, grew up in Houma and attended Vandebilt Catholic High School.
Troy Johnson, professional athlete.
Wally Whitehurst, professional athlete.
Kim Willoughby, USA volleyball member, 2008 Beijing Olympics
Blake Cole, Computer Scientist
* [http://www.houmatoday.com Houma Today] (website of "The Courier" newspaper)
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