- Juan de Arphe y Villafañe
Juan de Arphe y Villafañe (1535 – c. 1600) was a Spanish
engraver, goldsmith, artist, anatomistand author. He was of German descent. William Stirling Maxwell "The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles the Fifth". C. S. Francis & co., 1853.]
Born in Leon, Arphe y Villafañe was instructed by his father, Antonio, in goldsmithing and engraving, and also studied
anatomyin Toledo and Salamanca. Following his father's death, Villafañe moved to Valladolid, where he worked as a goldsmith, mostly for churches and cathedrals, making Monstrancesand other pieces for cities including Avilla, Sevilleand Burgos. At the same time, he was an architectand a sculptor, and worked as an engraver and creator of woodcuts, as well as being the assayer of a mint in Segovia.
Arphe-Villafañe wrote several books of which the best known was his "Varia conmcnsuracion la escultura y arquitectura". Each of the four books which comprised the work focused on one of Arphe-Villafañe's subjects of expertise:
*The first book discussed
geometryin brief, and gnomonicsat great length.
*The second book focused on the anatomy of the
*The third book contained many illustrations of animals, and the text described
*The fourth book talks solely on architecture and closely related subject matters.All of the books contained many
woodcuts, some full page, with others mixed with the text. [Ludwig Choulant, Edward Clark Streeter, Fielding Hudson Garrison, Mortimer Frank "History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration". The University of Chicago press, 1852. Page 218-20.]
He moved to
Madridsome years before his death, and he spent the final years of his life there, before he died of undocumented causes early into the 17th century.
Notes and references
*Richard Ford "A Handbook for Travellers in Spain". 1855
*Donald Frederick Lach "Asia in the Making of Europe". University of Chicago Press, 1977
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