- William Sturges Bourne
William Sturges Bourne (
7 November 1769- 1 February 1845) was a British Torypolitician.
The son of the Reverend John Sturges and Judith Sturges ("née" Bourne), the young William Sturges was educated at
Winchester Collegeand Christ Church, Oxford, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1793. At Oxford he became good friends with George Canning, who helped him become elected to parliament for Hastingsin 1798.
In 1803, Sturges inherited property from his uncle Francis Bourne, causing him to change his surname to Bourne. In Pitt's second government, Sturges Bourne became
Secretary to the Treasury, and, after a period out of government during the Ministry of All the Talents, he became a Lord of the Treasuryfrom 1807 to 1809, retiring along with his ally Canning from the government.
Sturges Bourne left parliament after the 1812 general election, but, due again to Canning's influence, became a
Privy Councillorin 1814, and returned to parliament for Bandon Bridgein 1815. In 1814 he became a commissioner on the Board of Control, remaining in this office until 1822. He also served from 1818 to 1819 as Chairman of a Committee to reform the Poor Laws, which was successfully carried out as the Sturges Bourne Acts.
Although he retired from government in 1822 due to a large inheritance, he returned to government as
Home Secretarywhen Canning became prime minister in April 1827. He only served briefly in this post, becoming instead First Commissioner of Woods and Forestswhen the Whig grandee Lord Lansdowne joined the ministry as Home Secretary a few months later. He was offered the Chancellorship of the Exchequer several times by Canning's successor Lord Goderich, but turned it down, leading Colonial Secretary William Huskissonto accuse him of sabotaging the ministry. Sturges Bourne retired from government with Wellington's accession as premier in February 1828.
Sturges Bourne supported Catholic emancipation, but opposed the Whig Reform Bill, and retired from parliament in 1831. In his later career, he served as a member of the Royal Commission on the Poor Laws.
Member of Parliamentfor Christchurch
years = 1802–1812
William Stewart Rose
William Chamberlayneand William Stewart Rose
William Edward Tomlineand William Stewart Rosesuccession box
Member of Parliamentfor Bandon
years = 1815–1818
Richard Boyle Bernard
Augustus William James Cliffordsuccession box
Member of Parliamentfor Ashburton
years = 1826–1830
with Sir Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt.
before = Sir Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt. and
Sir Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt.succession box
Member of Parliamentfor Milborne Port
years = 1830–1831
George Stevens Byng
John Henry Northand
Richard Lalor Sheiland
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.