William Sturges Bourne

William Sturges Bourne

William Sturges Bourne (7 November 1769 - 1 February 1845) was a British Tory politician.

The son of the Reverend John Sturges and Judith Sturges ("née" Bourne), the young William Sturges was educated at Winchester College and Christ Church, Oxford, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1793. At Oxford he became good friends with George Canning, who helped him become elected to parliament for Hastings in 1798.

In 1803, Sturges inherited property from his uncle Francis Bourne, causing him to change his surname to Bourne. In Pitt's second government, Sturges Bourne became Secretary to the Treasury, and, after a period out of government during the Ministry of All the Talents, he became a Lord of the Treasury from 1807 to 1809, retiring along with his ally Canning from the government.

Sturges Bourne left parliament after the 1812 general election, but, due again to Canning's influence, became a Privy Councillor in 1814, and returned to parliament for Bandon Bridge in 1815. In 1814 he became a commissioner on the Board of Control, remaining in this office until 1822. He also served from 1818 to 1819 as Chairman of a Committee to reform the Poor Laws, which was successfully carried out as the Sturges Bourne Acts.

Although he retired from government in 1822 due to a large inheritance, he returned to government as Home Secretary when Canning became prime minister in April 1827. He only served briefly in this post, becoming instead First Commissioner of Woods and Forests when the Whig grandee Lord Lansdowne joined the ministry as Home Secretary a few months later. He was offered the Chancellorship of the Exchequer several times by Canning's successor Lord Goderich, but turned it down, leading Colonial Secretary William Huskisson to accuse him of sabotaging the ministry. Sturges Bourne retired from government with Wellington's accession as premier in February 1828.

Sturges Bourne supported Catholic emancipation, but opposed the Whig Reform Bill, and retired from parliament in 1831. In his later career, he served as a member of the Royal Commission on the Poor Laws.



###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
title = Member of Parliament for Christchurch
years = 1802–1812
with William Stewart Rose
before = William Chamberlayne and
William Stewart Rose
after = William Edward Tomline and
William Stewart Rose
succession box
title = Member of Parliament for Bandon
years = 1815–1818
before = Richard Boyle Bernard
after = Augustus William James Clifford
succession box
title = Member of Parliament for Ashburton
years = 1826–1830
with Sir Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt.
before = Sir Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt. and
John Copley
after = Charles Arbuthnot and
Sir Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt.
succession box
title = Member of Parliament for Milborne Port
years = 1830–1831
with George Stevens Byng
before = John Henry North and
Arthur Chichester
after = Richard Lalor Sheil and
George Byng

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sturges — may refer to: * William Sturges Bourne (1769–1845), British politician * Graeme Sturges (b. 1955), Australian politician * Jock Sturges (b. 1947), American photographer * John Sturges (1911–1982), American film director * Jonathan Sturges… …   Wikipedia

  • William Grenville — Mandats 19e Premier ministre du Royaume Uni 11  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Stephen Whitelaw — William Stephen Ian Whitelaw (28 juin 1918 – 1er juillet 1999), 1er vicomte de Whitelam, fut vice premier ministre du cabinet de Margaret Thatcher, de 1979 à 1988. Jeunesse et débuts Né à Édimbourg, William Whitelaw ne connut pas son père qui fut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Petty FitzMaurice — Mandats 14e Premier ministre de Grande Bretagne 4 juillet&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Cavendish-Bentinck (3e duc de Portland) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir William Cavendish Bentinck et William Cavendish. William Cavendish Bentinck …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Lamb — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lamb. William Lamb Mandats 27e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Commissioners of Woods and Forests — William Huskisson, First Commissioner of Woods and Forests between 1814 and 1823. The Commissioners of Woods, Forests, and Land Revenues were established in the United Kingdom in 1810 by merging the former offices of Surveyor General of Woods,… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Arbuthnot — The Right Honourable Charles Arbuthnot Rt Hon Charles Arbuthnot First Commissioner of Woods and Forests In office 1823 – 9 April 1827 …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Peel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Peel. Robert Peel Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christchurch (UK Parliament constituency) — Christchurch County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Christchurch in Dorset …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”