 Antiracist mathematics

Critical pedagogy Major works Pedagogy of the Oppressed Theorists Paulo Freire · John Dewey
Henry Giroux · Peter McLaren
Joe Kincheloe · Shirley SteinbergPedagogy Antioppressive education Antibias curriculum Antiracist mathematics Multicultural education
Curriculum studies Teaching for social justice
Inclusion (education) Humanitarian education
Studentcentred learning Popular education Feminist composition · Ecopedagogy Queer pedagogy · Critical literacy Critical reading Critical consciousnessConcepts Praxis · Hidden curriculum
Consciousness raising Poisonous pedagogyRelated Reconstructivism · Critical theory
Frankfurt School Political consciousnesseducation reform theory that sees a need to form a curriculum to counter a perceived bias in mathematics.^{[citation needed]} It claims there is a sociocultural context to mathematical education and suggests that the study of mathematics in Western societies has traditionally exhibited racial or cultural bias.^{[citation needed]} While 'antiracist mathematics' and 'ethnomathematics' scholars share the assumption that any given mathematical understanding or practice is a product of a particular culture, the forms of their scholarship differ considerably, and they should not be confused with one another.^{[citation needed]}
Contents
Purpose
Further information: EthnomathematicsAntiracist mathematics is primarily concerned with the way in which mathematics is taught, although it also examines the contents of the curriculum in as much as this might reasonably differ from universally acceptable mathematical education.^{[citation needed]} An antiracist approach to mathematics education could include any or all of the following:
 Discussion of the mathematical knowledge of ancient civilizations outside of Europe, and nonEuropean contributions to mathematical knowledge and discovery.
 The avoidance of racial stereotyping when forming and communicating expectations of pupils' attainments in mathematics.
 The avoidance of racial stereotypes or cultural bias in classroom materials, textbooks, coursework topics and examination questions. For example, common nonEuropean names, such as Sanjeev (Indian), Kumar (Indian) or C'haim (Jewish), could be used in story problems, rather than common European names, like Mary or Emily.
 Effective and unprejudiced methods of distinguishing between the merits of individuals.
Proponents of antiracist mathematics believe that antiracist education programs have the potential to correct imbalances and to have beneficial results on test scores and examination results in some minority groups.^{[citation needed]}
Opposition
Former UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher made reference to antiracist mathematics in expressing opposition to "multicultural" and "antiracist" educational approaches. In her address to the Conservative Party Conference in October 1987, she said how inner city children's opportunities for decent education were being "snatched away from them by hardleft education authorities" and that "children who need to be able to count and multiply are learning antiracist mathematics, whatever that is."^{[1]} In 2005, Liza Porteus of Fox News reported that an "antiracist mathematics" program in the Newton Public Schools district of the wealthy Newton, Massachusetts community angered some parents, who perceived the program to focus more on political correctness than mathematics itself.^{[2]}
References
 Woodrow, D. (1989). Multicultural and antiracist mathematics teaching. In P. Ernest (Ed.), Mathematics teaching: The state of the art (pp. 229–235). London: Falmer.
 Cotton, A. (1990). Antiracist mathematics teaching and the national curriculum. Mathematics Teaching, 132, 2226.
 Levidow, L. (1987). Racism in scientific innovation. In D. Gill and L. Levidow (Eds.), Antiracist science teaching (pp. 43–58). London: Free Association.
 Vance, M. (1987). Biology teaching in a racist society. In D. Gill and L. Levidow (Eds.), Antiracist science teaching. (pp. 107–123). London: Free Association.
 Young, R. M. (1987). Racist society, racist science. In D. Gill and L. Levidow (Eds.), Antiracist science teaching. (pp. 16–42). London: Free Association.
 Mears, T. (1986). Multicultural and antiracist approaches to the teaching of science in schools. In J. Guadara, C. Jones and K. Kimberley (Eds.), Racism, diversity and education (pp. 154–166). London: Hodder and Stoughton.
 The Politics of AntiRacist Mathematics in Proceedings of the First International Conference on Political Dimensions of Mathematics Education, (Ed. R. Noss), Institute of Education Publications, University of London, 1990.
 The Politics of AntiRacist Mathematics, European Education Journal, July 1994, pp. 67–74
 Harding, Sandra. The Science Question in Feminism. 1986.
Notes
 ^ Quoted from King, Anna S.; Reiss, Michael J. (1993). The Multicultural Dimension of the National Curriculum. Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England. p. 26. ISBN 9780750700696. http://books.google.com/books?id=5Q3MFCr7ht0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Children+who+need+to+be+able+to+count+and+multiply+are+learning+antiracist+mathematics,+whatever+that+is.%22#PPA26,M1.
 ^ Porteus, Liza (20050208). "'AntiRacist' Message in Mass. Math Class". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,146684,00.html. Retrieved 20080726.
External links
 Book Review: Issues in Mathematics Teaching  Ed. Peter Gates
 Eurocentrism in Mathematics
 Extract from memorandum submitted by the AfricanCaribbean Network for Science & Technology to the House of Commons Select Committee on Science and Technology
Categories: Philosophy of education
 Education reform
 Mathematics education
 Politics and race
 Critical pedagogy
 Political correctness
 Pseudoscience
 Definition of racism controversy
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Antiracist mathematics
 Antiracist mathematics
