Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, 1st Baron Pethick-Lawrence

Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, 1st Baron Pethick-Lawrence

Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence, 1st Baron Pethick-Lawrence, PC (28 December 1871 – 10 September 1961) was a British Labour politician.

Born Frederick Lawrence in London, he was the son of wealthy Unitarians who were members of the Liberal Party. He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, becoming a barrister.

Lawrence met and fell in love with Emmeline Pethick, an active socialist and campaigner for women's votes. They finally married in 1901 after Lawrence converted to socialism and from then on Lawrence took part of his wife's name and was known as 'Pethick-Lawrence'. He published various left-wing newspapers and became involved in the Labour Party.

Pethick-Lawrence's involvement in the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), on behalf of women's rights, led to him serving a nine-month prison sentence in 1912, following Christabel Pankhurst's window-smashing campaign, even though he had disagreed with that form of action; because of his disagreement, indeed, he was expelled from the WSPU by Emmeline Pankhurst and Christabel.

Early in the First World War Pethick-Lawrence joined with others in founding the Union of Democratic Control (UDC), a leading anti-war organisation of which he became Treasurer. After acceptance by a Tribunal in Dorking in 1918, he worked on a farm in Sussex as a conscientious objector.

In 1923 he was elected Member of Parliament for Leicester West, and was Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1929 until the formation of the self-styled National Government in 1931; in the ensuing General Election and the rout of the Labour Party he lost his seat . He was elected for Edinburgh East in 1935, and from 1942 acted as Leader of the Opposition to the Coalition Government.

In 1945 Pethick-Lawrence was elevated to the peerage as Baron Pethick-Lawrence. From 1945 to 1947 he was Secretary of State for India and was involved in the negotiations that led to India's independence in 1947. The barony became extinct on his death in Hendon aged 89.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pethick-Lawrence, Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence, Baron — ▪ British statesman original name  Frederick William Lawrence  born Dec. 28, 1871, London, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1961, London       British politician who was a leader of the woman suffrage movement in Great Britain during the first two decades of… …   Universalium

  • Frederick William — The name Frederick William usually refers to several monarchs of the Hohenzollern dynasty: *Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620 1688) *Frederick William I (1688 1740), King of Prussia *Frederick William II (1744 1797), King of Prussia …   Wikipedia

  • List of Privy Counsellors (1936–1952) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed between the accession of King Edward VIII in 1936 and the death of King George VI in 1952. = Edward VIII, = *Sir Akbar Hydari (1869–1942) *Sir George Edward Rich (1863–1956)… …   Wikipedia

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Secretary of State for India — The office of Secretary of State for India or India Secretary was created in 1858 when Company rule in India ended and India was brought under direct British rule (British Raj). It was the cabinet office responsible for the government of India.… …   Wikipedia

  • World War I — This article is about the major war of 1914–1918. For other uses, see World War One (disambiguation) and Great War (disambiguation). World War I …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan — /pak euh stan , pah keuh stahn /, n. 1. Islamic Republic of, a republic in S Asia, between India and Afghanistan: formerly part of British India; known as West Pakistan from 1947 71 to distinguish it from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”