Portuguese legislative election, 2005

Portuguese legislative election, 2005

Infobox Election
election_name = Portuguese legislative election, 2005
country = Portugal
type = parliamentary
ongoing = no
previous_election = Portuguese legislative election, 2002
previous_year = 2002
next_election = Portuguese legislative election, 2009
next_year = 2009
seats_for_election = 230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
election_date = February 20, 2005

leader1 = José Sócrates
party1 = Socialist Party (Portugal)
leaders_seat1 =
last_election1 = 96 seats
seats1 = 121
seat_change1 = +25
popular_vote1 = 2.588.312
percentage1 = 45.0%

leader2 = Pedro Santana Lopes
party2 = Social Democratic Party (Portugal)
leaders_seat2 =
last_election2 = 105 seats
seats2 = 75
seat_change2 = -30
popular_vote2 = 1.653.425
percentage2 = 28.8%


map_size = 250px
map_caption = The first and the second most voted parties in each district (Azores and Madeira are not shown)

title = PM
before_election = Pedro Santana Lopes
before_party = Social Democratic Party (Portugal)
after_election = José Sócrates
after_party = Socialist Party (Portugal)

The Portuguese legislative election of 2005 took place on February 20. These elections were called after the decision of President Jorge Sampaio on November 30, 2004 to dissolve the Parliament as an answer to the political instability caused by the government led by Pedro Santana Lopes (PSD) in coalition with the PP. Santana Lopes had become Prime-Minister after José Manuel Durão Barroso left the country in order to become President of the European Commission in a decision that divided the country, because many Portuguese were expecting that the Socialist President Jorge Sampaio would dissolve parliament and call a legislative election. However, after five unstable months, president Sampaio decided to dissolve Parliament and call fresh elections. The Prime Minister nevertheless announced the resignation of the government on December 11, in an action with no practical effects whatsoever.

The campaign started officially on February 6 and the major topics were the problematic state of the country's finances, unemployment and abortion.

The right-wing parties, mainly the Social Democrats, were punished for their performance in government, and lost more than 10% of the voting. On the left, the Leftwing Bloc achieved its best result ever and made the biggest climb, gaining 5 MPs, while the CDU (Communists and the Greens) gained 2 MPs and reversed their downward trend of the last elections.

The major parties involved, listed with their leaders:

*Leftwing Bloc (BE), Francisco Louçã
*Unitarian Democratic Coalition (CDU), Jerónimo de Sousa
*Portuguese Socialist Party (PS), José Sócrates
*Social Democratic Party (PSD), Pedro Santana Lopes
*People's Party (PP), Paulo Portas

José Sócrates, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister.

National summary of votes and seats

*CDU is composed by the PCP (Communist) (12 MPs), the PEV (Green) (2 MPs) and the ID (Socialist) (0 MPs)"

Bei den portugiesischen Parlamentswahlen 2005 am 20. Februar

ee also

* Politics of Portugal
* List of political parties in Portugal
* Elections in Portugal

Further reading

* cite journal
quotes =
last = Freire
first = André
authorlink =
coauthors = and Marina Costa Lobo
date =
year = 2006
month = May
title = The Portuguese 2005 legislative election: Return to the left
journal = West European Politics
volume = 29
issue = 3
pages = 581–588
doi = 10.1080/01402380600620742
id =
url =
language =
format =
accessdate =
laysummary =
laysource =
laydate =
quote =

External links

* [http://www.angus-reid.com/tracker/index.cfm?fuseaction=viewItem&itemID=5303 Angus Reid Consultants - Election Tracker]

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