Homochitto River

Homochitto River

Geobox River
name = Homochitto River
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =

image_size =
image_caption =
country = United States
country1 =
state = Mississippi
state1 =
region =
region1 =
district =
district1 =
city =
city1 =
length_imperial = 90
length_note = [http://www.bartleby.com/69/4/H04504.html Homochitto River] , The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. 2000.]
watershed_imperial = 1200
watershed_note = cite web |last= Wilson |first= K.V. |title= Change in Channel Characteristics, 1938-74, of the Homochitto River and Tributaries, Mississippi |publisher= USGS |year= 1979 |url= http://choctaw.er.usgs.gov/new_web/reports/other_reports/Channel_ss/channelchanges.html |format= djvu |accessdate= 2007-08-23]
discharge_location = Rosetta, MS
discharge_imperial = 1156
discharge_max_imperial = 118000
discharge_min_imperial = 123
discharge_note = [http://pubs.usgs.gov/wdr/2005/wdr-ms-05-1/pdf/WDR_MS_05_1.pdf Water Data Report, Mississippi 2005] , from [http://pubs.usgs.gov/wdr/2005/wdr-ms-05-1/ Water Resources Data Mississippi Water Year 2005] , USGS.]
discharge1_location =
discharge1_imperial =
source_name =
source_location =
source_district =
source_region =
source_state =
source_country =
source_lat_d = 31
source_lat_m = 42
source_lat_s = 16
source_lat_NS = N
source_long_d = 90
source_long_m = 37
source_long_s = 28
source_long_EW = W
source_coordinates_note = Gnis|693517|Homochitto River, USGS GNIS.]
source_elevation_imperial = 380
source_elevation_note = Google Earth elevation for GNIS coordinates.]
source_length_imperial =
mouth_name = Mississippi River
mouth_location =
mouth_district =
mouth_region =
mouth_state =
mouth_country =
mouth_lat_d = 31
mouth_lat_m = 12
mouth_lat_s = 53
mouth_lat_NS = N
mouth_long_d = 91
mouth_long_m = 31
mouth_long_s = 41
mouth_long_EW = W
mouth_coordinates_note =
mouth_elevation_imperial = 33
mouth_elevation_note =
tributary_left = South Fork Homochitto River
tributary_left1 =
tributary_right = Middle Fork Homochitto River
tributary_right1 = West Fork Homochitto River
tributary_right1 =
free_name =
free_value =

map_size =
map_caption =
The Homochitto River (pronounced "ho-muh-CHIT-uh") is a river in the U.S. state of Mississippi. It flows from its source in southwest Mississippi for about convert|90|mi|km|0 west and south, emptying into the Mississippi River between Natchez and Woodville.


The Homochitto River originates in several headwater tributaries along the border between Copiah County and Lincoln County. It flows west and then south through the Homochitto National Forest. After passing through Lincoln County the river enters Franklin County, still flowing generally south.

Just before McCall Creek joins from the east, the Homochitto is crossed by two bridges, one for U.S. Route 84 and one for the Illinois Central Railroad. Then the river begins to flow southwest, passing by the town of Bude. Below Bude the river is crossed by U.S. Route 98. Not far below that the river is joined by the Middle Fork Homochitto River, from the north. Several miles downriver from there the river becomes the boundary between Franklin County and Amite County, at which point it begins to flow more directly westward. On the south side Amite County changes to Wilkinson County just east of the town of Rosetta.

At Rosetta the river is crossed by two bridges, one for Mississippi Highway 33 and one for the Illinois Central Railroad. Still flowing westward, the river flows through a broad floodplain. Once highly meandering it has been straightened and channelized to a degree. On the north side Franklin County changes to Adams County. Near the town of Doloroso the Homochitto River is crossed by U.S. Route 61.

Below Doloroso the river originally flowed south, then west, to join the Mississippi River at Lake Mary, an Oxbow Lake formerly part of the main Mississippi channel. Today most of the Homochitto's water flows instead west from Doloroso, through the Abernathy Channel created in 1938 by the
United States Army Corps of Engineers. Via this route the Homochitto River enters the Mississippi River several miles north of Lake Mary. [Course info mainly from http://www.topozone.com]

River modification

In 1938 the United States Army Corps of Engineers began channelizing the river by building the Abernathy Channel, a cutoff running from the Homochitto River near Doloroso to the Mississippi River about convert|15|mi|km|0 upstream from where the Homochitto originally emptied into the Mississippi. This reduced the river's length below Doloroso from about convert|20|mi|km|0 of meandering distributaries to a convert|9|mi|km|0 relatively straight outlet. Additional cutoffs between Doloroso and Rosetta were constructed in 1940, reducing the river's channel by about convert|4|mi|km|0. Other flood control projects on the lower Homochitto, completed in 1952, included the cleaning and desnagging of the main channel as well as the excavation of more cutoffs. All these projects were for the purpose of flood control along the lower Homochitto River.

Since the channelization projects were completed the lower Homochitto River and several of its tributaries have been degraded at an accelerated rate. The shortened channel has caused a greater streamflow velocity, increasing erosion and scour, which in turn causes bank sloughs and channel instability. Accelerated channel degradation probably began near the Mississippi River and moved up the Abernathy Channel during the early 1940s. It was noticeable at Doloroso by 1944 and at Kingston in 1947. Channel degradation at Rosetta began in the late 1940s. This acceleration erosional channel degradation resulted in the collapse of several bridges. In 1955 a flood washed out the old U.S. Highway 61 bridge at Kingston, the Illinois Central Railroad bridge at Rosetta, and a country road bridge on the tributary Second Creek. In 1969 a bridge on the tributary Crooked Creek was washed out, and in 1971 the State Highway 33 bridge at Rosetta was washed out. During the flood of 1974 both the State Highway 33 bridge and the Illinois Central Roadroad bridge at Rosetta were washed out.

ee also

* List of rivers in Mississippi


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Big Black River — is a river in the U.S. state of Mississippi and a tributary of the Mississippi River. Its origin is in Webster County near the town of Eupora in the north central part of the state. From there it flows 330 miles (531 km) in a generally southwest… …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Copiah County, Mississippi — Location of Copiah County in Mississippi This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Copiah County, Mississippi. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of rivers of Mississippi — The list of rivers in Mississippi includes any rivers that flow through part of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The major rivers in Mississippi are the Mississippi River, Pearl River, Pascagoula River and the Tombigbee River, along with major… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Flüssen in den Vereinigten Staaten — Die folgende Liste zeigt eine Vielzahl von Flüssen in den Vereinigten Staaten und deren Territorien auf Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mississippi — • The state takes its name from the Mississippi River that forms its western boundary Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mississippi     Mississippi      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Franklin [2] — Franklin, 1) Grafschaft im Staate Maine (Nordamerika), 74 QM., theilweis gebirgig (Mount Abraham u. Saddleback Mountain); Flüsse: Dead u. Sandy Rivers; Boden im Allgemeinen fruchtbar; Producte: Weizen, Kartoffeln, Rindvieh, Schafe; organisirt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Mississippi — This is a list of properties and districts in Mississippi that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are 1,327 sites distributed among all of Mississippi s 82 counties. Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Mississippi Landmarks — The following is a list of Mississippi Landmarks officially nominated by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and approved by each county s chancery clerk. The Mississippi Landmark designation is the highest form of recognition… …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez people — Natchez Pre contact distribution of Natchez peoples Total population 6,000 …   Wikipedia

  • Alligator Bayou — ist der Name mehrerer Flüsse in den Vereinigten Staaten: Alligator Bayou (Ditch Number 19), ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat Arkansas (Crittenden County) Alligator Bayou (Saint Francis River), ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat Arkansas (Lee County)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”