- Kloof, KwaZulu-Natal
official_name = Kloof, KwaZulu-Natal
image_shield = Kloof_crest.gif
dot_map_caption =Map of South Africa showing Durban's location.
dot_x = 167 |dot_y =123
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = Suburb of
leader_name1 =Terence Palmer
established_title = Established
established_date = 1903
timezone = SAST
utc_offset = +2
latd=29 |latm=47 |lats= |latNS=S
longd=30 |longm=50 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postcode
blank_name =Median property value
blank_info =R2,500,000 [ [http://www.propvalues.co.za/news_1.php PropValues: Property Market News ] ] ($357,143)
footnotes = Kloof is a leafy, middle- to
upper classsuburb and small town, that includes a smaller area called Everton, in the greater Durbanarea of eThekwiniin KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
The word "Kloof" means '
gorge' in Afrikaansand the area is named after the deep ravine formed by the Molweni stream "(stream of high cliffs)". The Kloof Gorge is part of the km2 to sq mi|4.47|wiki=yes|spell=UK Krantzkloof Nature Reserve.
Kloof extends from the top of
Field's Hilland borders Winston Park, Gillitts Forest Hillsand Hillcrest. These suburbs are collectively known as the Upper Highway Areaor the Outer West region of Durban.
The M13 highway (built in the 1940s) intersects Kloof and on
16 Junethis forms part of the route of the annual Comrades Marathon, an approximately km to mi|90|wiki=yes|spell=UK ultra-marathon run between Pietermaritzburgand Durbansince 1924.
It is a predominantly white, English-speaking area. Kloof features several
upmarketshopping centres and the Kloof Country Club, founded in 1927. It is known as a mist-belt with winding roads and tree-surrounded mansions.
This part of
kwaZulu-Natalwas originally a convert|6000|acre|km2|sing=on farm 'Richmond', whose survey was ordained by the first Lieutenant-Governor of Natal ColonySir Martin West, following his 1845 appointment to the post; he also named it, after Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond( Yorkshire, England).
The land Kloof occupies formed the 2,836
hectare(7,008 ac) Richmond Farm No. 999: this was given to William Swan FIELD by the British Government in 1851 as reward for his services as First Collector of Customs (position he held until 1852) for Natalprovince, and as First Magistrate of Durban. In 1852 he settled brother John Coote FIELD and his family on the farm, having had them brought up from the Cape Colony. The farm was eventually transferred into J C Field's name by Deed of Transfer in 1867, at a declared value of 1,401 pounds & 10 shillings.
The original farmhouse, called Richmond House, was built by J C Field in 1854 to replace an earlier house. The 'Richmond' section of the farm passed to his son John Coote FIELD the Second in 1880 on the occasion of his marriage, who partially demolished the original Richmond House and rebuilt another homestead nearby.
J C Field the First died in 1896, and upon the death of his widow in 1901 the Farm was divided amongst the surviving heirs: 560 acres (227 ha) for each son, 395 acres (160 ha) for each daughter, and the homestead plus 500 acres (202 ha) to his youngest son Benjamin Cromwell Colenso FIELD.
The further subdivisions and sale of portions of Richmond Farm No. 999 by the Field heirs after 1901 resulted in the birth of Kloof as a residential area: numerous plots were sold to wealthy Durban residents and businessmen, who built country house retreats close to the city, but (due to its 550 m
above sea levelelevation) removed from the Durban humidity and heat. These were particularly favoured by their wives and children during the long hot summer holidays.
From the 1890s onwards the appearance of the area therefore changed significantly, from its previous '
savannah' grassland to its current heavily-wooded flora.
Kloof was originally called 'Krantzkloof' by J C Field the First, after the nearby Kloof
Gorge, but this name was later changed to 'Kloof' at the special request of the General Manager of the Railways, since due to a name similarity with Kranskop there had been significant confusion and misdeliveries of railway goods: the Railway Station was therefore renamed, and the town with it.The current Station building is a replacement of an earlier one, built in 1896, and it remained operational until the closure of this branch of the Durban- Pietermaritzburgrailway line to passenger traffic in the 1970s; the building is now being utilised as a popular bar restaurant.
As roads improved, an increasing number of people began permanently living in Kloof and during the 1960s and 1970s, the development of the traditional Kloof houses occurred. These consisted of large houses that were built on stands of at least one acre (0.4 ha). Many of the houses have slate roofs, a swimming pool, small guest houses and tennis courts and they are often tucked away amidst the trees.
Examples of these can be found in the prime areas of Kloof which are in the golf course and the Everton-Meadow Lane areas.
Annual income distribution: [Statistics South Africa, Census 2001, Head of Household, South Africa by Province and Municipality]
The South African property market, though still arguably undervalued has seen high growth since 2003 and most prime Kloof properties sell for between R2,000,000 and R3,000,000 which is well above the regional average (which is under R800,000.) The larger homes, rarely on the market, are sold for between R6,000,000 and R30,000,000. These are, however, still at a discount by international standards.
Although it is regarded as a mature suburb, with most of the Upper Highway Area's recent condominium developments taking place in neighbouring Hillcrest, rich residents and newcomers are still building large houses where land is available, though these are built in Tuscan, Tudorbethan and modern designs. Today one can find almost any style of architecture in Kloof.
Kloof has a
state schoolnetwork that consists of Kloof High School, Kloof Senior Primary School, Kloof Junior Primary Schooland Kloof Pre-Primary School.
There are also several private schools located in Kloof including the prestigious St Mary's Diocesan School for Girls and Thomas More College. In the broader area there is also
Highbury Preparatory Schoolin Hillcrest and Kearsney Collegein Botha's Hill.
The many trees that define Kloof provide for an abundance of birds, including the
Other wildlife has been preserved in greenbelt areas such as the Krantzkloof Nature Reserve, which includes the Kloof Gorge, and the Everton Conservancy.The Reserve is centred around the main Gorge cut by the Emolweni River, and extends in total 532 ha (1,315 ac). It was established by the
Natal Parks Board( Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) in 1950.
The area around the gorge was once the habitat of
leopards and a leopard features prominently on the Kloof crest. (The stuffed leopard in the Durban Museum reportedly was shot in the area). Chacma baboonwere once found at the Krantzkloof Nature Reserve. They were re-introduced at one stage but unfortuantely, after becoming troublesome, were removed. Bushpigmay also be found in the reserve. Both would likely have formed part of the diet of the leopard.
Average yearly rainfall is 1,075 mm (42.3 in), based on records which date back to 1935. The rainy season is from the October to March summer months, while winters tend to be very dry.
Summer temperatures range from 18 to 29 degrees
Celsius, with winter temperatures between 12 and 20 °C.
Private botanical gardens which were established by a well-known horticulturalist are now the gardens of a hotel known as the Makaranga Lodge after tall trees planted in the gardens. Visitors are able to arrange guided tours.
The golf course
Kloof Country Clubincludes a highly-rated 18-hole golf course, which was the only golf course outside of Durban for many years. The M13 highway runs parallel to it.
Places of interest
* [http://www.crowhurstplace.co.za/ Crowhurst Place] (luxury guest house in Everton)
* [http://www.eaglesviewkloof.com/ Eagles View Bed and Breakfast] (luxury B&B in Kloof)
* [http://www.klooffallslodge.co.za/ Kloof Falls Lodge] (
bed and breakfast)
* [http://www.makaranga.com/ Makaranga Garden Lodge] (botanical gardens, [http://www.tourismgrading.co.za 5-star] luxury Protea-affiliated hotel and facilities)
* [http://www.tanglewoodestate.co.za/ Tanglewood Estate] ( [http://www.tourismgrading.co.za 5-star] luxury guest house in Everton)
* [http://www.figtreecottage.co.za/ Fig Tree Cottage Bed and Breakfast] (East African style B&B in Kloof overlooking Pintown and Durban)
*Field's Shopping Centre
*Maytime Shopping Centre
*The Village Mall
Kloof Country Club(golf course, tennis and squash courts, cricket oval, and facilities)
* [http://www.kknr.org.za/ Krantzkloof Nature Reserve and Kloof Gorge]
*Kloof Methodist Church
*Kloof Tennis Club
* [http://www.rotary.lia.net/kloof/ Rotary Club of Kloof]
*St. Agnes Anglican ChurchThe church building, dating from the 1950s, was built on a piece of land on the farm section 'Glenholm', owned by T S P FIELD and donated by him to the Anglican Church.
* [http://www.kloofcatholic.org.za/ Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Parish]
Virgin Activegym (formerly Health & Racquet Club)
Famous residents: past and present
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
Guy Cawood, Head Boy of Kloof2007 - present
*Peter Brown, politician
Guy Hulett, sugar baron
Marguerite Poland, author
Elizabeth Sneddon, playwright
Bobby Skinstad, Springbokrugby player
BJ Botha, Springbok rugby player
Alan Paton, writer and leader of the South African Liberal Partyin the 1960s and 1970s
* [http://www.kloofcountryclub.co.za/ Kloof Country Club]
* [http://www.kloofpp.org.za/ Kloof Pre-Primary School]
* [http://www.kloofjp.org.za/ Kloof Junior Primary School]
* [http://www.kloofsp.org.za/ Kloof Senior Primary School]
* [http://www.kloof-high.co.za/ Kloof High School]
* [http://www.stmarys.kzn.school.za/ St. Mary's DSG]
* [http://www.thomasmore.co.za/ Thomas More College]
* [http://www.eaglesviewkloof.com/ Eagles View Bed and Breakfast]
* [http://www.kloofcommunity.co.za/ Kloof Community Website]
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