- Iraqi Australian
Infobox Ethnic group
group = Iraqi Australian
poptime = 80,000 [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Fear-checks-turnout-for-Iraq-poll/2005/01/21/1106110948104.html http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Fear-checks-turnout-for-Iraq-poll/2005/01/21/1106110948104.html] ]
Sydney, Melbourne, Victoria
langs = Arabic, English,
rels = Predominantly Christian, and
Muslim(both Sunniand Shia), with minorities who follow Judaism, Mandaeismand Yazdânism
Iraqi peopleand Iraqi Kiwi
Iraqi Australians are people of
Iraqiorigin living in Australia.Since the 1991 Gulf War, thousands of Iraqis have found refuge in Australia. The total of population is estimated to be as high as 80,000. [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Fear-checks-turnout-for-Iraq-poll/2005/01/21/1106110948104.html http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Fear-checks-turnout-for-Iraq-poll/2005/01/21/1106110948104.html] ]
Iraqi-born Victorians were first identified in the
Victorian censusin 1976, when 189 people were recorded. Within five years the community had almost tripled to 408, and by 1991 had increased to 603. Most Iraqis had escaped hardships caused by the eight-year Iran-Iraq war, which ended in 1988.cite web | url =http://immigration.museum.vic.gov.au/Origins/history.aspx?id=29 | title =Immigration from Iraq | accessdate =2007-08-14 | publisher =immigration.museum.vic.gov.au]
The outbreak of the Gulf War in 1991 led a large number of people to flee Iraq into the neighbouring countries. Some refugees lived in processing camps for up to five years before being accepted into Australia under the
Special Humanitarian Program. During this period the visas of around 400 Iraqis living in Australia were extended until the end of the Gulf War.
Iraqi immigration to Australia peaked between 1992 and 1995, with the Iraq-born population in Victoria increasing to 3,492 by 1996.By 2001 this community had increased a further 74% to 6,091 people..cite web | url =http://immigration.museum.vic.gov.au/Origins/history.aspx?id=29 | title =Immigration from Iraq | accessdate =2007-08-14 | publisher =immigration.museum.vic.gov.au] Most recent Iraqi immigrants have arrived under the Family and Skilled Migration categories. Some Iraqis have sought refugee status after arrival in Australia, and have been detained pending processing.
Today the Iraq-born community in Victoria is culturally diverse, with settlers from many ethnic and cultural backgrounds including
Arabs, Kurds, Turkomans, Chaldeansand Assyrians. Although Islam is the dominant religion in Iraq, only 29% of the Iraq-born immigrants living in Victoria are Muslim; 68% are Christian.
Nearly half of the Iraqi community speaks Arabic at home; only 3% speaks English, reflecting the number of recent immigrants in the community. Over half of Iraq-born Victorians are aged under 35, and only 12% are aged over fifty. Of those in the workforce, both men and women are most commonly employed as labourers and related workers within the manufacturing industry, while nearly a quarter are employed in professional positions. The community is supported by organizations such as the
Australian Iraqi Forumseveral religious or cultural associations.
Notable Iraqi Australians
Adeeb Kamal Ad-Deen, poet
Gad Ben-Meir, lawyer
Toba Khedoori, artist
Majid Shokor, actor
Faisal Faisal, athlete
Don Hany, (1975 - ), actor (known for his role as "Theo Rahme" in White Collar Blue)
Osamah Sami, actor
Eli Akira Kaufman, film maker [ [http://www.mpacorn.com/news/2006/1124/On_The_Town/020.html Moorpark Acorn ] ]
Oren Ambarchi, musician
* [http://www.arabcouncil.org.au Arab Council Australia]
* [http://www.absradio.com.au/ Arabic Broadcasting Service Australia]
* [http://www.arabicnights.com.au/ Australian Arabic Entertainment Directory]
* [http://www.austarab.com.au/ Australia Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry]
* [http://www.aac.org.au/ Australian Arabic Council]
* [http://www.dfat.gov.au/caar/ The Council for Australian-Arab Relations (CAAR)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.