- Ion Calvocoressi
Major Ion Melville Calvocoressi MBE MC (
12 April 1919– 7 July 2007) was an officer in the British Armyin the Second World Warand later a stockbrokerin the City of London. He was High Sheriff of Kentin 1978-79.
Calvocoressi was born in
Calcutta, the only child of Matthew John Calvocoressi (1873-1939). His father was descended from a Greek family from Chios; two uncles married into the Ralli family. He was a director of the Indian branch of Greek merchant business, Ralli Brothers. His mother, Agnes Hermione Melville, was of Anglo-Scottish ancestry and was the granddaughter of Michael Linning Melville. His parents moved to Londonin 1922. He was educated at Eton Collegeand read Modern Languages at Magdalen College, Oxford
After the outbreak of the
Second World War, he was commissioned into the Scots Guardsin 1940, and was posted to Egyptwith the 2nd Battalion in 1941. He won an immediate Military Crossin 1942, while serving as a lieutenant in command of a platoon of six-pounder anti-tank guns. The battalion was defending a ridge at Bir El Rigelin Libya. After days of intense fighting, the battalion was attacked by two armoured columns from the 21st Panzer Divisionon 13 June 1942. His platoon destroyed five German tanks before it was overrun. Calvocoressi was captured, but escaped the following night. He rejoined his unit the next day after walking convert|17|mi|km|0 across the desert.
He was wounded in July 1942, rescuing members of the battalion's
forward observation post, and became aide-de-campto the commander of XXX Corps, Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leesein 1943. He accompanied Leese in North Africa, and, after Leese took command of the Eighth Army, into Italy, and finally to the Far East, where Leese became commander of Allied Land Forces South East Asia. He received the MBE for his service.
He became a stockbroker after the war, concentrating on private client work. He moved to
Westerhamin Kentin 1950, near the country home of Winston Churchillat Chartwell. He was instrumental in the erection of a statue of Churchill by Oscar Nemonin the town in 1965. He was High Sheriff of Kentin 1978-79.
After he retired, he was chairman of the appeal for the
Guards Museumat Wellington Barracks. He was also a life member of the MCC, a Fellow of the Ancient Monuments Society, and a financial adviser to the Royal Society of Musicians.
He was survived by his wife, Katherine Kennedy (the sister of Sir
Ludovic Kennedy), whom he married on 29 April 1947, their three sons (James, Richard, and Andrew) and daughter (Iona). His son, art historian Richard Calvocoressi, was a curator at the Tate Gallery(1979-87) and director of the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art(1987-2007), and became director of the Henry Moore Foundationin 2007.
Peter Calvocoressi, worked in RAF Intelligenceat Bletchley Parkin the Second World War and is an author.
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article2081022.ece Obituary, "The Times", 16 July 2007]
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/news/2007/08/09/db0902.xml Obituary, "The Daily Telegraph", 9 August 2007]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p250.htm#i2499 The Peerage]
* [http://www.pages-tambour.com/vlasto/fg07/fg07_061.html Family tree] Persondata
NAME = Calvocoressi, Ion
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Calvocoressi, Ion Melville
SHORT DESCRIPTION = British army officer and stockbrocker
DATE OF BIRTH =
12 April 1919
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH =
7 July 2007
PLACE OF DEATH =
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