State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No. 5

State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No. 5

According to State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No. 5 of the State Administration for Religious Affairs of the People's Republic of China, a Reincarnation Application must be filed by all Buddhist temples in that country before they are allowed to recognize individuals as tulkus (reincarnated teachers).

Tibetan Buddhist believe lamas or other religious figures can consciously decide to be reborn, often many times, in order to continue their religious pursuits. These tulkus are referred to in sources translated from Chinese as "living Buddhas". In 2007, the Chinese government passed a decree, to take effect September 1, that each of these people who plan to be reborn must complete an application and submit it to several government agencies for approval. It is not clear how the Chinese plan to enforce these regulations against beings who, even according to Chinese interpretations, demonstrate authority and transcendence beyond death itself.


On August 3, 2007, China's State Administration for Religious Affairs issued a decree that all the reincarnations of tulkus of Tibetan Buddhism must get government approval, otherwise they are "illegal or invalid". The decree states, "It is an important move to institutionalize management on reincarnation of living Buddhas. The selection of reincarnates must preserve national unity and solidarity of all ethnic groups and the selection process cannot be influenced by any group or individual from outside the country." It also requires that temples which apply for reincarnation of a living Buddha must be "legally-registered venues for Tibetan Buddhism activities and are capable of fostering and offering proper means of support for the living Buddha."cite news|url=|date=4 August, 2007|title=Reincarnation of living Buddha needs gov't approval|publisher=China Daily|accessdate=2007-08-09]

Reincarnation Applications have to be submitted to four governmental bodies for approval, specifically the religious affairs department of the provincial-level government, the provincial-level government, State Administration for Religious Affairs, and the State Council.

The official Xinhua news agency said the new rules are "an important move to institutionalise management of reincarnation of living Buddhas".cite news|url=,21985,22185282-663,00.html|publisher=Melbourne Herald|title=Buddhas' reincarnation red tape|accessdate=2007-08-09|date=August 4, 2007]


The regulations are composed of 14 articles, including the principle, conditions, approval procedures, the duties and responsibilities of religious groups for reincarnation as well as punishment for those violating the regulations. They allegedly guarantee normal religious activities of Tibetan Buddhism and protect the religious belief of Tibetan Buddhism followers according to law.

The State Administration for Religious Affairs said, "The government only administrate religious affairs related to state and the public interests and will not interfere in the pure internal religious affairs".


During the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368), Tibet became an administrative district directly under the central authorities of the Kublai Khan.

Tulkus are an important element in Tibetan Buddhism, forming a clergy of influential religious figures. It is believed they are continuously reincarnated to take up their positions anew. Often there is more than one candidate competing to be recognised as the actual reincarnation, and the authority to decide who is the true claimant carries significant power.

In 1951, the Red Army occupied Tibet. Since then, the Chinese government has maintained strict control over Tibetan Buddhism.

Since the 1960s, the Dalai Lama, the most influential figure in Tibetan Buddhism, has been leading a Tibetan government in exile in Dharamsala, India. Historically speaking, the second most influential figure has been the Panchen Lama. This importance may degrade in the future as the negative ramifications of a state-appointed spiritual leader become more evident. In 1995, the Chinese authorities detained the Dalai Lama's choice of Panchen Lama, Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, who was six years old at the time and has not been seen in public since. The Chinese Government chose a different candidate, Qoigyijabu, a Tibetan who is the son of two members of China's communist party ['A Year In Tibet' Broadcasted on BBC Four on Thursday, 6 March, 2008 at 2100GMT] , as the new Panchen Lama. He has since been touring around the country to promote China's ownership of his homeland.

See also

*History of the People's Republic of China
*Kundun A film about and name of the current Dalai Lama
*Status of religious freedom in People's Republic of China


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Religious freedom in the People's Republic of China — The Constitution of the People s Republic of China provides for freedom of religious beliefConstitution of the People s Republic of China, Chapter 2, Article 36.] ; however, the Government, possibly due to the fact that freedom of religion… …   Wikipedia

  • RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • State Shinto — has been called the state religion of the Empire of Japan. The term was not used until after World War II and in a broad sense is used to classify those Shinto ideals, rituals and institutions created by the government to promote the divinity of… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious freedom in Iran — Iran is an Islamic republic. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran mandates that the official religion of Iran is Islam (see: Islam in Iran) and the Twelver Ja fari school, though it also mandates that other Islamic schools are to be… …   Wikipedia

  • State of New York —     State of New York     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► State of New York     One of the thirteen colonies of Great Britain, which on 4 July, 1776, adopted the Declaration of Independence and became the United States of America.     BOUNDARIES AND… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions —     Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions     An institution originated (1874) by J. Roosevelt Barley, Archbishop of Baltimore, for the protection and promotion of Catholic Indian… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Religious violence in India — includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting.[1] Religions such as Zoroastrianism and Judaism have survived peacefully with Hindus for… …   Wikipedia

  • State of Palestine — This article is about the political entity proclaimed in 1988. For other uses, see Palestine (disambiguation). State of Palestine[1][i] دولة فلسطين …   Wikipedia

  • Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions — The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions was a Roman Catholic U.S. institution originated in 1874 by J. Roosevelt Barley, Archbishop of Baltimore, for the protection and promotion of Catholic Indian mission interests in the United States of America …   Wikipedia

  • Religious freedom in France — Freedom of religion is guaranteed in France by the constitutional rights set forth in the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.However, in recent years, some legislation and government actions were taken against some groups… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”