John Ellman

John Ellman

John Ellman (17 October 1753 – 22 November 1832) was an English farmer and stock breeder who developed the Southdown breed of sheep.

Ellman was born in Hartfield, Sussex, but moved with his family to Place Farm in Glynde in 1761. He inherited the tenancy to the farm with his father's death in 1780, and devoted the largest part of his time and land to rearing the local Southdown breed, changing it from a tall, lean sheep into a more squat and compact one which gave excellent mutton yield while retaining a good fleece. His work would eventually be continued by Jonas Webb of Cambridgeshire to produce the modern form of the breed.

He was well-regarded by his contemporaries, and won prizes with ease at local and national livestock shows. He was well connected, with several peers regularly corresponding with him for the advice on farming which he would give freely, was introduced to George III, and sold two of his rams to Emperor Paul I of Russia for 300 guineas.

John Ellman wrote broadly on agricultural subjects, contributing to works such as Arthur Young's "Annals of Agriculture" and "Baxter's Library of Agricultural and Horticultural Knowledge". He took great interest in local affairs as a commissioner of taxes and expenditor of Lewes and Laughton levels, and played a role in the improvement of navigation on the River Ouse and in the redevelopment of Newhaven Harbour. He was also a progressive employer who maintained a school for workers' children in Glynde.

Ellman retired in 1829 and his flock was broken up at auction. He died three years later in Lewes.


*Alsager Vian, ‘Ellman, John (1753–1832)’, rev. G. E. Mingay, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [ doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8725] , accessed 6 Aug 2007.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Crowe Ransom — at Kenyon College in 1941. Photo by Robie Macauley. John Crowe Ransom (April 30, 1888, Pulaski, Tennessee July 3, 1974, Gambier, Ohio) was an American poet, essayist, magazine editor, and professor …   Wikipedia

  • John Henry Newman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Newman. John Henry Newman John Henry Newman par Sir John Everett Millais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tedla v. Ellman — (280 N.Y. 124, 19 N.E. 2d 987) was a 1939 New York Court of Appeals case that was influential in establishing the bounds of the negligence per se doctrine. Ordinarily, a statutory violation constitutes negligence. However, the court, in an… …   Wikipedia

  • Le Mort qui marche — (The Walking Dead) est un film américain réalisé par Michael Curtiz sorti en 1936. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution 4 Lien externe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of people from Lewes, East Sussex — Lewes is the county town of East Sussex, England. The following is a list of those people who were either born or live in Lewes, or had some important contribution to make to the town.Notable people from Lewes NOTOC A*John Agard (1949 ) poet,… …   Wikipedia

  • Boris Karloff — Demande de traduction Boris Karloff → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Henry Pratt — Boris Karloff Demande de traduction Boris Karloff → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mount Caburn — East Sussex portal …   Wikipedia

  • The Walking Dead (1936 film) — Infobox Film name = The Walking Dead image size = caption = director = Michael Curtiz producer = Louis F. Edelman writer = Robert Adams Lillie Hayward Peter Milne Joseph Fields Ewart Adamson starring = Boris Karloff Edmund Gwenn Marguerite… …   Wikipedia

  • Southdown (sheep) — The Southdown is a small, dual purpose British sheep. Today it is raised in many parts of the world. It has evolved into two sub breeds. The Southdown raised by commercial growers today, is somewhat larger than the traditional Southdown of years… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”