Aia (pronounced eye-a) is a small village situated on the slopes of Mount Pagoeta in the Basque Province of Guipúzcoa, Spain. It is located 30 km to the west of San Sebastián and about 10km inland from the coastal town of Zarautz. Aia is set amongst rolling green hills and lush green forests, and surrounded by some stunning mountain views. The town still retains its ancient character, with the large Church of San Esteban building as an impressive centrepiece. The population of Aia has gradually declined since the 1950s, to a population of 1750 in 2005.


Based on cave paintings and engravings and also stone implements that have been found in the Aia district, it is believed that human habitation of the area dates back to over 10,000 years ago. The town of Aia itself was mentioned in one of the oldest documents of Guipúzcoa dated 1025. The town was also mentioned as being part of the Union of Sayaz in the Decree of the Brotherhood of the Province of Gupuzkoa in 1375.

Farming was originally the main economic activity in the Aia district, with families of the small villages living within closed, self-sufficient economic systems. Land was generally owned by the municipality and rented to the farmers to work. Specialised crafts also began to develop, and in particular Aia became a main centre for the production of iron. This was largely due to the abundance of natural deposits of iron in the area. Numerous foundries were established in the area, which had a significant impact on the growth of the local population. It was from these foundries that many family lineages in the Aia district developed. The demise of these old forges in Guipúzcoa was brought about by the introduction of blast furnaces that ran on coal.


Aia is known for its natural beauty, still situated amongst Basque farmlands largely unchanged over the past couple of hundred years. It has several impressive attractions that are well known across the province. The convert|1335|acre|km2|sing=on Pagoeta Nature Reserve sits just to the west of the town of Aia and preserves not only the natural beauty of the area but also the district's cultural heritage. The park contains numerous ruins of old mills, foundries and farmhouses, and even some ancient burial mounds dating back 5,000 years.

The Agorregi Forge, located within the park, is one of the best preserved examples of a foundry in Guipúzcoa Province. The forge which can be seen today was built in 1754 by the Lord of Laurgain Palace over the ruins of an earlier version. Lying at the bottom of a deep valley near Manterola farmhouse, it used the river's hydraulic energy to power its great bellows and turn its waterwheels.

Also situated near Aia and within the Pagoeta Nature Reserve is the Iturraran Botanic Garden. The garden was established in 1986 and includes more than 1000 species of plants, trees and shrubs from all over the world. It also includes some endangered flora of the Basque Country.

External links

* [ Aia official website] Information available in Spanish and Basque.
* [ 360 degree view of Aia]
* AIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa)]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AIA — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AIA — may refer to: *Abstract Intelligent Agent, an essence of intelligence independent on its physical realization, see for ex. the TOGA meta theory *Access to Information Act, a Canadian freedom of information act *Actors in Action *Advanced Informed …   Wikipedia

  • Aia De Mà — (Альбенга,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Viale VIII Marzo 19, 17031 Альбенга, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Aia — ist: die Kurzform von Aiaia, in der griechischen Mythologie eine Insel und eine Stadt im äußersten Osten eine mesopotamische Gottheit, siehe Aja (Mythologie) ein Ort in der spanischen Region Baskenland, Aia (Spanien) Die Abkürzung AIA steht für:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • aia — / aja/ s.f. [lat. area spazio libero, aia ]. (agr.) [spazio aperto attiguo alla casa colonica] ▶◀ corte, cortile. ● Espressioni: fig., menare il can per l aia [intrattenere con pretesti, senza concludere] ▶◀ (lett.) ciurlare nel manico, indugiare …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • AIA — ist: die Kurzform von Aiaia, in der griechischen Mythologie eine Insel und eine Stadt im äußersten Osten eine mesopotamische Gottheit, siehe Aja (Mythologie) eine Gemeinde in der spanischen Region Baskenland, Aya (Gipuzkoa) ein anderer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AIA — o AIA puede referirse a: Aya, municipio de la provincia de Guipúzcoa, País Vasco (España). Anguila, por su código ISO 3166 1. Agentes Inteligentes Abstractos. Aliens in America, serie de televisión estadounidense. American Institute of Architects …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aia — Aia, Aiaia, mythisches Land, später mit Kolchis gleichgesetzt, Sitz des Königs Aietes, aber auch nach dem Westen (Kap Circeji) verlegt und in der Odyssee Wohnort der Kirke …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • AIA — abbrev. American Institute of Architects * * * …   Universalium

  • AIA — Association of Insurance Attorneys Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”