Regalia is Latin plurale tantum for the privileges and the insignia characteristic of a Sovereign.

The word stems from the Latin substantivation of the adjective "regalis", 'regal', itself from "Rex", 'king'.

Regalia in the Abstract

The term can refer to rights, prerogatives and privileges enjoyed exclusively by any sovereign regardless of title (Emperor, Grand Duke, etc.) An example is the right to mint coins, especially with one's own effigy. In many cases, especially in feudal societies and generally weak states, such rights have in time been eroded by grants to or usurpations by lesser vassals.

Regalia as Sovereign Insignia

Some emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia possessed by rulers are a visual representation of Imperial, royal or sovereign status. Some are shared with divinities, either to symbolize a god(ess)'s role as, say, king of the Pantheon (e.g. Brahman's sceptre) or to allow mortal royalty to resemble, identify with, or link to a Divinity.

The term Crown Jewels is commonly used for regalia items designed to lend luster to occasions such as coronations. They feature some combination of precious materials, artistic merit, and symbolic or historical value. Crown jewels may have been designated at the start of a dynasty, accumulated through many years of tradition, or sent as tangible recognition of legitimacy by some leader such as the Pope to an emperor or caliph.

Each culture, even each monarchy and/or dynasty within one culture, may have its own historical traditions, and some even have a specific name for its regalia, or at least for an important subset, such as :
* The Honours of Scotland
* The Nigerian Royal Regalia
* The Three Sacred Treasures of the Japanese tennō

But some elements occur in many traditions.


* Crowns and variations (diadem, tiara)
* Cap of Maintenance

Other Regal Dress and Jewelry

* Armillae - Bracelets
* (Ermine) Coronation Mantle
* " [ Barmi] " (Russian word), a detachable silk collar with medallions of precious material sewn to it, as used in Moscovy
* Rings, symbolizing the Monarch's 'marriage' to the state (in the case of the Doge of the Republic of Venice, to its lifeblood, the sea); or as a Signet-Ring, a practical attribute of his power to command legally

Manipulable Symbols of Power

* Orb (Globus Cruciger)
* Sceptre, including the French [ Hand of Justice]
* Sword - for examples, see Sword of Justice; Sword of State; Sword of Mercy (known also as Edward the Confessor's Sword)
* Other weapons, such as a dagger (as in Arabian and Indian traditions), a spear, or a royal kris (in Malay traditions)
* Flail and Crook
* Fly-whisk, which is said to have some of the power of Amaterasu.

Other Manipulable Symbols

Regalia can also stand for other attributes or virtues, i.e. what is expected from the holder.

Thus the Imperial Regalia of Japan (Jp: 三種の神器; "Sanshu no Jingi", or "Three Sacred Treasures"), also known as the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan as follows.
* The sword, Kusanagi (草薙剣) (or possibly a replica of the original; located at Atsuta Shrine in Nagoya) represents valor
* The jewel or necklace of jewels, Yasakani no magatama (八尺瓊曲玉; at Kokyo in Tokyo), represents benevolence
* The mirror, Yata no kagami (八咫鏡), located in the Ise Shrine in Mie Prefecture, represents wisdom Since 690, the presentation of these items to the Emperor by the priests at the shrine are a central part of the imperial enthronement ceremony. As this ceremony is not public, the regalia are by tradition only seen by the Emperor and certain priests, and no known photographs or drawings exist.

Coronation Paraphernalia

Some regalia objects are presented and/or used in the formal ceremonial of enthronement/coronation. They can be associated with an office or court sinecure (cfr. Archoffices) that enjoys the privilege to carry, present/or at use it at the august occasion, and sometimes on other formal occasions, such as a royal funeral.

Such objects, with or without intrinsic symbolism, can include
* Anointing Utensils:
**Sacred ampulla containing the ointment
**Spoon for the same ointment
**Alternatively, the Norwegian Monarchy has an anointment horn
* A bible used for swearing in the Monarch as the new Sovereign.

Companions' Attributes

Apart from the Sovereign himself, attributes (especially a crown) can be used for close relatives who are allowed to share in the pomp. For example, in Norway the Queen-consort and the crown prince are the only other members of the Royal Family to be crowned and share in the Sovereign's royal symbolism.

Reserved Colour

In the Roman Empire the colour Tyrian purple, produced with an extremely expensive Mediterranean mollusk extract, was in principle reserved for the Imperial Court. The use of this dye was extended to various dignitaries, such as members of the Roman senate who wore stripes of Tyrian purple on their white togas, for whom the term purpuratus was coined as a high aulic distinction.

Additional Display

* Umbrella / Canopy
* Fan(s)
* Standard(s)
* Mace(es)
* Music, such as
** A Fanfare or other specific piece of music
** Reserved instruments, such as silver trumpets, or in India (especially Mewar) the Nakkara drum
** The ceremonial Nobat orchestra is a formal requirement for a valid Malaysian coronation.

ee also

For other meanings, such as the generalization of the term to all decorations or insignia indicative of a lower office (such as a Chain of Office) or of membership in an order or society;

*royalty, royalties
*Crown jewels
*Minting privilege
*Mining privilege

Other uses

By analogy, the term Regalia is also applied, technically improperly, to formal insignia in other contexts, such as academic regalia.

ources - External link

* [ Regalia] entry at the Catholic Encyclopedia
* [ RoyalArk- see each present country]
* [ Symbols of Royal Justice] - French regalia, including the Hand of Justice

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  • Regalia — • The insignia of royalty or crown jewels Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Regalia     Regalia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • regalía — (Del lat. regālis, regio). 1. f. Preeminencia, prerrogativa o excepción particular y privativa que en virtud de suprema potestad ejerce un soberano en su reino o Estado; p. ej., el batir moneda. 2. Privilegio que la Santa Sede concede a los reyes …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Regalia — Re*ga li*a (r?*g? l?*?), n. pl. [LL., from L. regalisregal. See {Regal}.] 1. That which belongs to royalty. Specifically: (a) The rights and prerogatives of a king. (b) Royal estates and revenues. (c) Ensings, symbols, or paraphernalia of royalty …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • regalia — /rega lia/ s.f. [dal lat. mediev. regalia le cose del re , neutro pl. di regalis del re , interpretato come se derivasse da regalare ]. [regalo, di solito in denaro, che si fa a un dipendente come compenso di servizi prestati] ▶◀ mancia, (lett.)… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • regalia — 1530s, rights and powers of a king, from L. regalia royal things, from neut. pl. of regalis (see REGAL (Cf. regal)). Meaning decorations or insignia of an order first recorded 1670s …   Etymology dictionary

  • regalia — ► PLURAL NOUN (treated as sing. or pl. ) 1) the insignia of royalty, especially the crown and other ornaments used at a coronation. 2) the distinctive clothing and trappings of high office, worn at formal occasions. USAGE The word regalia comes… …   English terms dictionary

  • Regalia — Re*ga li*a, n. A kind of cigar of large size and superior quality; also, the size in which such cigars are classed. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Regalĭa — (Königszigarre), durch Größe und Feinheit sich auszeichnende Zigarrenforte …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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