- Ardahan Province
Infobox Province TR
licence = 75
Ardahan Province is a province in the far north-east of
Turkey, at the very end of the country, where Turkey borders with Georgia and Armenia.
The provincial capital is the city of
This is attractive open countryside which however spends many months of the year under snow. At this altitude temperatures quite commonly reach -20 and can drop below freezing right up until May.
The local economy depends on farming and raising livestock. Until 1993 Ardahan was a district of the province of
Kars, becoming a province in its own right has meant more investment in infrastructure, but still this is an impoverished area that since the 1950s has seen a large number of its people migrate to other parts of Turkey or abroad. The population declined from 170,000 people in 1990 to 119,000 in 2000. Ethnic groups in the region include, KurdKurdish KipchakTurkish, Turkman, Karapapaksand Azeri Turkish people.Fact|date=July 2008
There are two crossing points into the
Samtskhe-Javakhetidistrict of Georgia, one at Posofand the other (currently closed) at Çıldır. The Turkish military have a strong presence in this border district, another boost to the local economy.
In 680 BC
Scythianscame across the Caucasusfrom the north and captured this area from the UrartuKings that ruled from their capital on the shores of Lake Vanto the south. The Scythians were replaced by Persiansand then in 330(?) BC Alexander the Greatcame through with his armies.
In 1068 the
Seljuk Turksof Alparslanbrought Cumanand Pecenektribes to settle in the area. These were followed in 1124 by Christian KipchakTurks from across the Caucasus. In the Ilhanera of 1267 the Kipchaks founded a dynasty, based in Akhaltsikhethat persisted until they were overthrown by the Ottoman Empirein 1578.
In 1878, after the
Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), the region was included into the Russian Empire, and until 1918 was known as Kars Oblast, reclaimed by Turkey under the Kars Treaty of 1921.
The construction of the
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhanoil pipeline gave the local economy a brief boost from 2000 onwards.
Places of interest
* There are a number of medieval castles in the district including Ardahan Castle itself.
* At a certain time of the year
Damalmountain throws a shadow that is a very lifelike silhouette of Atatürk. See. [ [http://www.damal.gov.tr/atasiluet.htm :T.C.Damal Kaymakamliği.: ] ]
Ardahan province is divided into 6 districts (capital district in bold):
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.