- Lewin's Rail
name = Lewin's Rail
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1
genus = "
species = "L. pectoralis"
binomial = "Lewinia pectoralis"
binomial_authority = (Temminck, 1831)
synonyms = Rallus pectoralis Temminck, 1831The Lewin's Rail ("Lewinia pectoralis") is a species of
birdin the Rallidaefamily.It is found in Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea.Its natural habitatis subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.The Lewin's Rail is also known as the Water Rail, Lewin's Water Rail, Lewin's Grind Rail, Slate-breasted Rail, Slate-breasted Water Rail, Pectoral Rail, Pectoral Water Rail, Short-toed Rail and Short-toed Water Rail. [ [http://www.birdpedia.com/au/bi.dll/bipu02?m=006&id505=1000000364 Lewin's Rail Details] ]
Lewin's Rails are not listed as threatened on the Australian
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. However, their conservation status varies from state to state within Australia. For example:
* The Lewin's Rail is listed as threatened on the Victorian
Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (1988). [ [http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/DSE/nrenpa.nsf/LinkView/EADA0F1874AF9CF24A2567C1001020A388BBA5581CF9D859CA256BB300271BDB Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria] ] Under this Act, an "Action Statement" for the recovery and future management of this species has not yet been prepared. [ [http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/DSE/nrenpa.nsf/LinkView/617768308BCB666E4A25684E00192281E7A24BB36FF60A144A256DEA00244294 "Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria] ] It is also notable that the Lewin's Rail is listed by an earlier scientific name ("Dryolimnas pectoralis") under this Act. [ [http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/DSE/nrenpa.nsf/LinkView/EADA0F1874AF9CF24A2567C1001020A388BBA5581CF9D859CA256BB300271BDB Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria] ]
* On the 2007 advisory list of threatened vertebrate fauna in Victoria, the Lewin's Rail is listed as vulnerable.cite book | author = Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment | title = Advisory List of Threatened VertebrateFauna in Victoria - 2007 | publisher = Department of Sustainability and Environment | date = 2007 | location = East Melbourne, Victoria | pages = 15 | url = | id = ISBN 978-1-74208-039-0 ]
* BirdLife International 2004. [http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/48958/all Lewinia pectoralis] . [http://www.iucnredlist.org 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ] Downloaded on 24 July 2007.
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