- Nysa, Anatolia
Nysa was an ancient Greek city of
Anatolia, whose remnants are now in the Sultanhisardistrict of Aydın Provinceof Turkey50 km east of the Ionian city of Ephesus. The geographer and historian Strabo, born in Amasiya started his life of study in Nysa, which was an important center of learning in the first century BC. The city had been dedicated to Dionysuswhen it was founded by Antiochus I Soterin the third century BC, and it was still famous as a city of scholars in the second century AD. For about a thousand years after that the city had its ups and downs. It suffered from the depredations of the Christians, the Muslims and the Turks as they came in and out of the place, and it was finally abandoned after being sacked by Tamerlanein 1402.
There are important ruins on the site from the
Hellenisticperiod, the Roman period and the Byzantine era. Much of the open air Greek theatre and its walled entrances are still intact. The librarycurrently has three walls. There are remnants of a gymnasion, a Roman bath and a bouleuterion.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.