IDIQ is a contracting acronym meaning Indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity. This is a type of contract that provides for an indefinite quantity of supplies or services during a fixed period of time. The legal origin of IDIQ contracts comes from the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), section 16.501(a).

IDIQ contracts are most often used for service contracts and Architect-Engineering (A-E) services. Awards are usually for base years as well as option years. The Government places delivery orders (for supplies) or task orders (for services) against a basic contract for individual requirements. Minimum and maximum quantity limits are specified in the basic contract as either number of units (for supplies) or as dollar values (for services). The Government uses an IDIQ contract when it cannot predetermine, above a specified minimum, the precise quantities of supplies or services that the Government will require during the contract period. [ [ U.S. Navy definition of IDIQ] ] [ [ U.S. Army Corps of Engineers definition of IDIQ] ]

An IDIQ contract allows for a certain amount of contract process streamlining, as negotiations can be made only with the selected company, and such contracts are exempt from protest, per Federal Acquisition Regulation’s Subpart 33.

IDIQ contracts are frequently awarded by various branches of the U.S. Government, including the GSA [ [ GSA contract page] ] and Department of Defense. [ [ DoD IDIQ contracts] ] IDIQ contracts can be in the form of multi-agency contracts under the Government-Wide Acquisition Contracts (GWAC) system, or they may be government agency-specific contracts. [ [ Example of different types of contracts] per this Raytheon disclosure web page]


"Portions of this text were taken from various U.S. Government websites, as referenced. As works of the U.S. Government, the text so taken is in the public domain."

External links

* [ Ryan, Stephen, "The new law will cannibalize IDIQ contracts", "Government Computer News", March 18, 1996]

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