. They comprise the following communities:
San Ildefonso Pueblo
Ohkay Owingeh(formerly known as San Juan Pueblo)
Santa Clara Pueblo
Arizona Tewa, descendants of those who fled the Second Pueblo Revoltof 1680-1692, live on the Hopi Reservationin Arizonaon the "First Mesa".
Tewa (also known as Tano) is one of five
Kiowa-Tanoan languagesspoken by the Pueblo people of New Mexico. Though these five languages are closely related, speakers of one cannot fully understand speakers of another (similar to German and English speakers). The six Tewa-speaking pueblos are Nambe, Pojoaque, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Clara, and Tesuque.
As with Tiwa, Towa and Keres, there is some disagreement among the Tewa people as to whether Tewa should be a written language or not. Some Pueblo elders feel that their languages should be preserved by oral traditions alone. However, many Tewa speakers have decided that Tewa literacy is important for passing the language on to the children. The Tewa pueblos developed their own orthography (spelling system) for their language, San Juan Pueblo has published a dictionary of Tewa, and today there are Tewa language programs teaching children to read and write in most of the Tewa-speaking pueblos. see
* [http://www.picture-history.com/tewa-index-001.htm Collection of Turn of the Century Photographs of Tewa Indians]
* [http://www.indigenous-language.org/ indigenouslanguage.org]
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