- LNWR electric units
name = LNWR electric units
(LMS 1927 compartment stock)
imagesize = 300px
caption = LNWR EMU Motor Car at
National Railway Museum, York
background = #012545
Manufacturer = Metropolitan-Cammell
Operator = LMS and British Railways
Formation = power car + trailer + driving trailer
InService = 1927-1960
Power = 4 x 280 hp traction motors
total 1,120 hp (836 kW}
Voltage = 630 V DC third and fourth railDuring 1909-1922, the
London and North Western Railwayembarked on a large-scale project to electrify their whole London inner-suburban network, encompassing the lines from London Eustonto Watford and the North London Railwayfrom London Broad Street to Richmond. This also included branch lines such as Watford to Croxley Green (where a depot was built to house the electric units), and links to what was to become the London Undergroundnetwork. For this reason, the lines were electrified using the fourth rail 630V DC system, the electricity being generated at the LNWR's own power station in Stonebridge Park. The first electric passenger trains ran in 1914, limited to the West London Lineroute (Willesden to Earls Court), and full services over the whole network did not commence until 1922, work having been delayed by the First World War. The London, Midland and Scottish Railwayextended the network in 1927 by electrifying the branch to Rickmansworth.
The electric units
The LNWR placed orders for three-car
electric multiple units from Metropolitan-Cammell in Birminghamto work services over the newly electrified lines. These units were formed Driving Motor Brake Third (DMBT) + Trailer Composite (TC) + Driving Trailer Brake Third (DTBT). All the cars were open saloons (as opposed to compartments) and the electrical equipment was located in a compartment behind the driving cab in the DMBT car.
The units were delivered in three batches. The first batch, introduced in 1914, was fitted with electrical equipment from Siemens of
Germany. Due to the War, the following two batches, introduced in 1915 and 1921, used equipment from Oerlikon of Switzerland.
In 1927, the LMS ordered a further batch of units from Metropolitan-Cammell to cover additional passenger services. These were broadly similar to the earlier units, but this time were fitted with more powerful Metropolitan Vickers (owned by GEC) electrical equipment. Also, the passenger accommodation was in compartments.
The British Railways numbers of the 1927 compartment stock were:
* Motor Brake Second, M28001M-M28025M
* Trailer Second, M29401M-M29409M and M29600M-M29625M
* Driving Trailer Brake Second, M28800M-M28824M
The Siemens stock were stored during
World War IIdue to the closure of the West London Line route to passenger trains following bomb damage. In 1952, they were converted as prototype 25kV AC overhead EMUs (Class AM1). These units survived in use on the Lancaster- Morecambe- Heyshamline until 1966.
The Oerlikon and GEC stock survived in service in North London through to the late 1950s and early 1960s respectively, when they were replaced by the new Class 501 units. Only one car survives, Oerlikon-equipped DMBT number 28249, at the
National Railway Museum, York.
* Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives, winter 1962/3 edition, page 324
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