Samtskhe-Javakheti ( _ka. სამცხე-ჯავახეთი) (formerly Meskheti ) is a region in southern Georgia, with Akhaltsikhe as its capital. Samtskhe-Javakheti comprises six administrative districts: Akhaltsikhe, Adigeni, Aspindza, Borjomi, Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda. There are 5 municipalities, 6 townlets, 67 community and village "sakrebulos" (assemblies), and 268 villages in the region. It is bordered by Guria and Imereti to the north, Kartli (Shida Kartli and Kvemo Kartli) to the north-east and to the east, Armenia and Turkey to the south, Ajara to the west. Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and South Caucasus natural gas pipeline passes through this region.

Expulsion of Meskhetian Turks from Meshketi

Meskhetian Turks or Meskhetians are the former Muslim inhabitants of Meskheti (now known as Samtskhe) in Georgia, along the border with Turkey. They were deported to Central Asia during November 15-25 1944 by Joseph Stalin and settled within Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Of the 100,000 forcibly deported in cattle-trucks a total of 10,000 perished. [ as retrieved on 29 Apr 2008 20:59:44 GMT] Today they are dispersed over a number of other countries of the former Soviet Union. A majority Fact|date=March 2008 (more than 80%) of Meskhetian Turks are ethnic Turks ("Yerli" (Turkish-speaking agriculturalists) and "Terekeme" with Kurds, Armenians and Hamshenis. A minority Fact|date=March 2008 (about 40%) are descendants of indigenous Georgians and Armenians who became Muslim in the 17th-18th centuries. The estimated population of Meskhetian Turks is around 300,000.


According to the 2002 census, ethnic Armenians, chiefly concentrated in Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda districts (Javakheti), are the majority in the region, making up about 54% of the population [ [ Statistics Georgia ] ] , which they share with Pontian Greeks, Ossetians and Georgians. Armenians are underrepresented in all spheres of public life and especially government - only three of the governor’s 26 staff are Armenians (11 per cent). The same is true for the territorial departments of different ministries. For instance, only sixteen of 82 staff (19.5 per cent) of the tax department in Samtskhe-Javakheti are Armenians. [ Georgia’s Armenian and Azeri Minorities] , 22 November 2006 "(free registration needed to view the full report)"] Lack of dialogue between local Armenians and Tbilisi adds to perceptions of discrimination and alienation. [ [ Reuters AlertNet - Georgia’s Armenian and Azeri Minorities ] ] There have been demonstrations, police brutality and killings in this region. [Reuters Foundation; Alertnet, 22 Nov 2006, [Georgia’s Armenian and Azeri Minorities] ] Many Armenians claim they are treated as second-class citizens. The local Armenian civic organization, United Javakhk Democratic Alliance calls for local autonomy, comparable with the one promised to Abkhazians and Ossetians.

Tourist attractions

One of the major tourist attractions in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia is the Vardzia (which was founded by Queen Tamar in 1185) and Vanis Kvabebi (which dates from 8th century) cave monasteries. They are located near the town of Aspindza, Georgia.

See also

* Meskhetian Turks
* Meskheti



* [ Unemployment]
* [ Poverty]
* [ Crisis Group Report]
* [ ICG Report]

External links

* [ Samtskhe-Javakheti Regional Governmental Website]
* [ "Friends at Dinner, Foes at Politics"] (about socio-economic problems of the region)
* [ "Obstacles Impending the Regional Integration of the Javalkheti Region] , an ECMI working paper (PDF format)

Template group
list =

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samtskhe-Javakheti — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Samtskhe Javakheti Country and Admin Code GE.72 GE …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Samtskhe-Javakheti — Samtskhe Djavakheti სამცხე–ჯავახეთი (Samtskhe Djavakheti) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti — are ethnic Armenians of Georgian nationality living within the current Republic of Georgia and live in the Samtskhe Javakheti region, which borders the Republic of Armenia to the south and where ethnic Armenians form the great majority of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Samtskhe Province, Ottoman Empire — Samtskhe Province (also called Çıldır Eyaleti) was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire along the Southwestern Caucasus. Çıldır region was taken by Ottoman Empire and bounded as a sanjak to Erzurum eyalet. Çıldır Eyaleti formed after conquest of… …   Wikipedia

  • Javakheti — (Javakhk) ( ka. ჯავახეთი, Javakheti ; hy. Ջավախք, Javakhk) is a historical region of Georgia in the southeastern part of the country s Samtskhe Javakheti province. Armenians form the ethnic majority in the region. [ [ …   Wikipedia

  • Javakheti Plateau — Javalkheti Plateau is a volcanic plateau within the Caucasus Mountains that covers the Samtskhe Javakheti region of Georgia, along the border with Turkey and Armenia. Elevation: over 2,000 m.The plateau is a large grassland plain (alpine steppe)… …   Wikipedia

  • Armenians in Georgia — are ethnic Armenians living within the current Republic of Georgia. Armenians are the largest ethnic minority in Georgia at about 6% of the population. The Armenian community is mostly concentrated in the Samtskhe Javakheti region, which borders… …   Wikipedia

  • Ninotsminda — This article is about the town in Georgia. For the cathedral in Georgia, see Ninotsminda Cathedral. Ninotsminda (Georgian: ნინოწმინდა, Armenian: Նինոծմինդա, Turkish: Altunkale) is a town and a rayon located in Georgia s southern district of… …   Wikipedia

  • Akhalkalaki — Infobox Settlement official name = Akhalkalaki ახალქალაქი name local = ახალქალაქი pushpin mapsize = 280px map caption = Location of Akhalkalaki in Georgia subdivision type = Country subdivision name = GEO subdivision type1 = Mkhare subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Akhaltsikhe — Infobox Settlement official name = Akhaltsikhe ახალციხე name local = ახალციხე imagesize = 250px pushpin mapsize = 280px map caption = Location of Akhaltsikhe in Georgia subdivision type = Country subdivision name = GEO subdivision type1 = Mkhare… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”