- Lycophron (Sophist)
Lycophron was a
sophistof Ancient Greece. He is known for his statement (reproduced by Aristotle, in the latter's Politics, 1280b10), that " lawis only a convention, a surety to another of justice". This means that he treats law as a mere means, in the context of a (perhaps primitive) social contracttheory, without considering it as something special, in contradistinction to, e.g., Platobut similar to both Thrasymachusand Callicles, albeit that their theories have – as far as can be ascertained from the information available about them – more specific characteristics.
*Richard G. Mulgan, 'Lycophron and Greek Theories of Social Contract'. "Journal of the History of Ideas" 40 (1), 1979: 121 – 128.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.