Vigneron submachine gun

Vigneron submachine gun

Infobox Weapon
name= Vigneron

caption=Vigneron M2
type= Submachine gun
service= 1950s-1980s
used_by= Belgium
designer= Georges Vigneron
weight= 3kg (empty); 3.68kg (loaded)
cartridge= 9x19mm
action= Blowback
rate= 620 rpm
range= 100m effective
feed= 32 round MP40 magazine
sights= Fixed

The Vigneron is a submachine gun manufactured in Belgium during the 1950s. It used the 9x19mm NATO cartridge and was used by the Belgian Army until the 1980s. It had the ability to use MP40 type magazines which were popular in Europe at the time. The Vigneron is a selective fire weapon for short range street and brush fighting. It remains reasonably accurate up to 100m using sighted semi-automatic fire. For close range combat, 2- or 3-shot bursts are recommended.



After World War II the Belgian Army was equipped with a mixture of British and American guns. The army, wanting to replace them with a modern and, if possible, Belgian design, held tests between several prototypes:

* the Imperia, an improved Sten gun;
* the RAN, a design by "Repousmetal S.A.";
* several FN prototypes; and
* The Vigneron M1


The Vigneron M1 was designed by a retired Belgian army Colonel, Georges Vigneron, and officially adopted by the Belgian army in 1953.

The first series of vignerons was manufactured by the Societe Anonyme Precision Liegeoise in Herstal. Some parts were subcontracted to the State Arsenal at Rocourt in Liège, who eventually began making complete guns. Other Vignerons were fabricated by the company Ateliers de Fabrications Electriques et Metalliques or AFEM in Brussels. An unconfirmed story says that the CMH inscription on the grip means Compagnie de Manufacture Herstal and this company is supposed to have made the plastic lower receiver.

The first model Vigneron was made until serial number 21300 in 1954.


The M2 version was an improvement in several ways:
* a front sight protector was installed
* a rear sight notch was used instead of a peep sight
* the dust cover closing spring was made stronger

Design and influence

The Vigneron is a simple blowback design and was made out of stamped sheet metal and a plastic grip frame. It uses the standard 9x19mm NATO round out of a 32-shot box single column magazine. Army doctrine recommends to shortload the magazine to 28 rounds to prevent failures. A loading tool is used to assist loading the magazine.

The gun was designed with a long barrel (305mm) which featured a compensator and cooling fins. Empty casings are ejected out of the ejection port on the right which has a hinged dust cover. This cover opens automatically when cocking the gun.

The bolt handle is on the left side and is non reciprocating.

The stock is heavy steel wire and it telescopes along the receiver; one end is slotted for swabs and the other is threaded for a cleaning brush.

The sights are fixed and set for a range of 50m. The M2 has a simple notch rear sight and a hood cover that protects the front sight.

The pistol grip contains a grip safety which must be held before the weapon can be cocked or fired.

There are three selector positions: safe, semi-automatic and full automatic fire. When set to full-auto; it is still possible to squeeze off single rounds with good trigger control.

You can easily see that the designer was heavily influenced by some proven designs. The barrel compensator and cooling rings are reminiscent of the Thompson submachine gun, the wire stock looks like the M3 submachine gun, the bolt design is nearly identical to the Sten and the magazine is almost the same as the one designed for the MP40; German magazines are usable in the Vigneron, but not the other way around.

ee also

* MAT-49
* Uzi
* MAC 10
* MP 40

External links

* [ Vigneron "fan site" with useful info]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uzi submachine gun — Infobox Weapon name=Uzi caption=The Uzi origin=flag|Israel type=Submachine gun is ranged=yes service= used by=See Users wars=Six Day War, Yom Kippur War, Sri Lankan Civil War, Portuguese Colonial War, South African Border War, Rhodesian Bush War …   Wikipedia

  • Vigneron — may refer to:* Vigneron (submachine gun), a submachine gun manufactured in Belgium during the 1950s * Vigneron (bow makers), a family of French musical bow makers * Winemaking, the process of wine production Persons with the surname Vigneron *… …   Wikipedia

  • Vigneron (disambiguation) — Vigneron may refer to:* Winemaking, the process of wine production * Vigneron (submachine gun), a submachine gun manufactured in Belgium during the 1950s …   Wikipedia

  • Vigneron SMG — Vigneron Maschinenpistole Allgemeine Information Einsatzland: Belgien, Portugal, Kongo, Luxemburg Entwickler:/Hersteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vigneron-Maschinenpistole — Allgemeine Information Einsatzland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MAT-49 — Pistolet Mitrailleur de 9 mm modèle 1949 (MAT 49) MAT 49 on display Type Submachine gun Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • SIG 310 — The SIG 310 is a submachine gun manufactured in Switzerland that was issued to officers alongside their SIG 210 pistols, since it shares the same 9x19mm Parabellum round. It is believed that this weapon served until the 1980s, when the SIG 550… …   Wikipedia

  • List of firearms — This is an extensive list of small arms pistol, machine gun, grenade launcher, anti tank rifle that includes variants. 0 9*977 Bowing rifle ( Russian Rifle) *90 1000 Assault Rifle ( American Rifle) *9A 91 (Russia Carbine Assault Rifle 9 x 39… …   Wikipedia

  • Список пистолетов-пулемётов — …   Википедия

  • Пистолет-пулемёт — ПП Uzi. Израиль, 1954  наст. время …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”