Giovanni Battista Amici

Giovanni Battista Amici

Giovanni Battista Amici (March 25, 1786 - April 10 1863) was an Italian astronomer and microscopist.

Amici was born in Modena, Italy. After studying at Bologna, he became professor of mathematics at Modena, and in 1831 was appointed inspector-general of studies in the duchy. A few years later he was chosen director of the observatory at Florence, where he also lectured at the museum of natural history. Amici died in Florence in April 1863.

His name is best known for the improvements he effected in the mirrors of reflecting telescopes and especially in the construction of the microscope. He was also a diligent and skillful observer, and busied himself not only with astronomical subjects, such as the double stars, the satellites of Jupiter and the measurement of the polar and equatorial diameters of the sun, but also with biological studies of the circulation of the sap in plants, the fructification of plants, infusoria etc. He invented the dipleidoscope

The Amici crater on the Moon was named in his honour.



Further reading

* cite encyclopedia
last = Ronchi
first = Vasco
title = Amici, Giovan Battista
encyclopedia = Dictionary of Scientific Biography
volume = 1
pages = 135-137
publisher = Charles Scribner's Sons
location = New York
date = 1970
isbn = 0684101149
(Note: this source gives Amici's date of death as 1868).

External links


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