- Vicente Espinel
Vicente Gómez Martínez-Espinel (
Ronda, December 28, 1550- Madrid, February 4, 1624) was a Spanish writerand musicianof the Siglo de Oro.
He is credited with the addition of the 5th string to the
guitarand the creation of the modern poetic form of the "décima", composed of ten octameters, named " espinella" in Spanish after him.
He studied at the
University of Salamanca, where he adopted as his own his father's second surname, and later on at the universities of Granada and Alcalá. As a latinist, he translated to Spanish Horace's "Epistola ad Pisones".
He lived an adventurous life, he was a prisoner of pirates at
Argeland a soldier in Italy after being liberated. Afterwards, he moved to Madridand took the vows in 1589.
In 1618, the printer
Juan de la Cuestapublished Espinel's picaresque novel"Relaciones de la vida del escudero Marcos de Obregón". This book, with several autobiographical details, was printed in France the same year and inspired later Lesage's "Gil Blas de Santillana". He also published his "Assorted rhymes" in 1591. Lope de Vega, who referred to Espinel as his teacher, dedicated him "El caballero de Illescas" (1602). Espinel also befriended Cervantes, Góngora (whose poetry he helped to publish) and Quevedo. As his friends, he was a member of congregation "Esclavos del Santísimo Sacramento". At the time of his death, he was the chaplain at Madrid, and also the music teacher, of the Plasenciabishop.
* [http://enciclopedia.us.es/index.php/Vicente_Espinel Enciclopedia Libre Universal - Vicente Espinel (in Spanish)]
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