- Felix Bloch
:"This page addresses only the Swiss physicist, for the man accused of espionage see
Felix Bloch (diplomatic officer)"Infobox_Scientist
name = Felix Bloch
imagesize = 150px
caption = Felix Bloch (1905-1983)
birth_date = birth date|1905|10|23|mf=y
death_date = death date and age|1983|9|10|1905|10|23
ETH Zürichand University of Leipzig
NMR Bloch wall
prizes = nowrap|
Nobel Prize for Physics(1952)
Life and work
Bloch was born in
Zürich, Switzerlandto Jewish parents Gustav and Agnes Bloch. He was educated there and at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, also in Zürich. Initially studying engineering he soon changed to physics. During this time he attended lectures and seminars given by Peter Debyeand Hermann Weylat ETH Zürich and Erwin Schroedingerat the neighboring University of Zürich. A fellow student in these seminars was John von Neumann. Graduating in 1927 he continued his physics studies at the University of Leipzigwith Werner Heisenberg, gaining his doctorate in 1928. He remained in European academia, studying with Wolfgang Pauliin Zürich, Niels Bohrin Copenhagenand Enrico Fermiin Romebefore he went back to Leipzig assuming a position as privatdozent (lecturer). In 1933, immediately after Hitler came to power, he left Germany, emigrating to work at Stanford Universityin 1934, where he became the first professor for theoretical physics. In 1939, he became a naturalized citizenof the United States. During WW II he worked on atomic energyat Los Alamos National Laboratory, before resigning to join the radarproject at Harvard University.
After the war he concentrated on investigations into nuclear induction and
nuclear magnetic resonance, which are the underlying principles of MRI [cite journal
quotes = yes
coauthors=Kyle R A
title=Felix Bloch--developer of magnetic resonance imaging
Mayo Clin. Proc.
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 7643644
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = ] . In 1946 he proposed the Bloch equations which determine the time evolution of nuclear magnetization. He and
Edward Mills Purcellwere awarded the 1952 Nobel Prizefor "their development of new ways and methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements."- Sohlman, M (Ed.) "Nobel Foundation directory 2003." Vastervik, Sweden: AB CO Ekblad; 2003.] In 1954–1955, he served for one year as the first Director-General of CERN. In 1961, he was made Max SteinProfessor of Physics at Stanford University.
* "Physics Today" 1984, 37(3), pp. 115-116.
* "Nature" 1952, 170, pp. 911-912.
* "Nature" 1954, 174, pp. 774-775.
* "McGraw-Hill Modern Men of Science," McGraw-Hill, 1966, vol. 1, pp. 45-46.
* "National Cyclopaedia of American Biography," James T. White & Co., 1921-1984, vol. I, pp. 310-312.
* [http://www.osti.gov/accomplishments/bloch.html Biography and Bibliographic Resources] , from the
Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
* [http://www.aip.org/history/ohilist/4509.html Oral History interview transcript with Felix Bloch 14 May 1964, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives]
* [http://www.aip.org/history/ohilist/4510.html Oral History interview transcript with Felix Bloch 15 August 1968, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives]
*Bloch, F.; Staub, H. [http://www.osti.gov/cgi-bin/rd_accomplishments/display_biblio.cgi?id=ACC0087&numPages=73&fp=N "Fission Spectrum", Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) (through predecessor agency Los Alamos Scientific Lab), United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the US Atomic Energy Commission), (August 18, 1943)] .
* [http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf2n39n5nt Felix Bloch Papers, 1931-1987] (33 linear ft.) are housed in the [http://library.stanford.edu/depts/spc/spc.html Department of Special Collections and University Archives] at [http://library.stanford.edu/ Stanford University Libraries]
NAME= Bloch, Felix
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Physicist
DATE OF BIRTH= birth date|1905|10|23|mf=y
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH= death date|1983|9|10|mf=y
PLACE OF DEATH=
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