- Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, also known as "EC2", is a commercial
web servicewhich allows paying customers to rent computers on which to run their own computer applications. EC2 allows scalabledeployment of applications by providing a web servicesinterface through which customers can request an arbitrary number of Virtual Machines, i.e. server instances, on which they can load any software of their choice. Current users are able to create, launch, and terminate server instances on demand, hence the term "elastic". The Amazon implementation allows server instances to be created in zones that are insulated from correlated failures. [ [http://www.news.com/8301-10784_3-9904091-7.html Amazon Web Services adds 'resiliency' to EC2 compute service] ] EC2 is one of several web services provided by Amazon.com under the blanket term Amazon Web Services(AWS).
Xen virtualization. Each virtual machine, called an instance, is a virtual private serverand can be one of three sizes; small, large or extra large. Instances are sized based on EC2 Compute Units which is the equivalent CPU capacity of physical hardware.
One EC2 Compute Unit equals 1.0-1.2 GHz 2007 Opteron or 2007 Xeon processor. The three available Instance sizes are sized as follows:
The small instance (default) is the "equivalent of a system with 1.7 GB of memory, 1 EC2 Compute Unit (1 virtual core with 1 EC2 Compute Unit), 160 GB of instance storage, 32-bit platform " [http://www.amazon.com/b/?node=201590011]
The large instance is the "equivalent of a system with 7.5 GB of memory, 4 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each), 850 GB of instance storage, 64-bit platform".
Extra Large Instance
The extra large instance is the "equivalent of a system with 15 GB of memory, 8 EC2 Compute Units (4 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each), 1690 GB of instance storage, 64-bit platform."
Instances of this family have proportionally more CPU resources than memory (RAM) and are well suited for compute-intensive applications.
High-CPU Medium InstanceInstances of this family have the following configuration: 1.7 GB of memory 5 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each) 350 GB of instance storage 32-bit platform I/O Performance: Moderate
High-CPU Extra Large InstanceInstances of this family have the following configuration: 7 GB of memory 20 EC2 Compute Units (8 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each) 1690 GB of instance storage 64-bit platform I/O Performance: High
In early July 2008
Outblazeand Spamhaus.orgstarted to block Amazon's EC2 address pool due to massive spam and malware distribution problems. [http://blog.washingtonpost.com/securityfix/2008/07/amazon_hey_spammers_get_off_my.html]
* [http://www.amazon.com/b/?node=201590011 Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud] main page
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